tools/power turbostat: IVB Xeon: fix --debug regression
[muen/linux.git] / tools / power / x86 / turbostat / turbostat.c
1 /*
2  * turbostat -- show CPU frequency and C-state residency
3  * on modern Intel turbo-capable processors.
4  *
5  * Copyright (c) 2013 Intel Corporation.
6  * Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
7  *
8  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
9  * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
10  * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
11  *
12  * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
13  * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
14  * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
15  * more details.
16  *
17  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
18  * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
19  * 51 Franklin St - Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
20  */
21
22 #define _GNU_SOURCE
23 #include MSRHEADER
24 #include <stdarg.h>
25 #include <stdio.h>
26 #include <err.h>
27 #include <unistd.h>
28 #include <sys/types.h>
29 #include <sys/wait.h>
30 #include <sys/stat.h>
31 #include <sys/resource.h>
32 #include <fcntl.h>
33 #include <signal.h>
34 #include <sys/time.h>
35 #include <stdlib.h>
36 #include <getopt.h>
37 #include <dirent.h>
38 #include <string.h>
39 #include <ctype.h>
40 #include <sched.h>
41 #include <cpuid.h>
42 #include <linux/capability.h>
43 #include <errno.h>
44
45 char *proc_stat = "/proc/stat";
46 unsigned int interval_sec = 5;
47 unsigned int debug;
48 unsigned int rapl_joules;
49 unsigned int summary_only;
50 unsigned int dump_only;
51 unsigned int skip_c0;
52 unsigned int skip_c1;
53 unsigned int do_nhm_cstates;
54 unsigned int do_snb_cstates;
55 unsigned int do_knl_cstates;
56 unsigned int do_pc2;
57 unsigned int do_pc3;
58 unsigned int do_pc6;
59 unsigned int do_pc7;
60 unsigned int do_c8_c9_c10;
61 unsigned int do_skl_residency;
62 unsigned int do_slm_cstates;
63 unsigned int use_c1_residency_msr;
64 unsigned int has_aperf;
65 unsigned int has_epb;
66 unsigned int units = 1000000;   /* MHz etc */
67 unsigned int genuine_intel;
68 unsigned int has_invariant_tsc;
69 unsigned int do_nhm_platform_info;
70 unsigned int extra_msr_offset32;
71 unsigned int extra_msr_offset64;
72 unsigned int extra_delta_offset32;
73 unsigned int extra_delta_offset64;
74 int do_smi;
75 double bclk;
76 unsigned int show_pkg;
77 unsigned int show_core;
78 unsigned int show_cpu;
79 unsigned int show_pkg_only;
80 unsigned int show_core_only;
81 char *output_buffer, *outp;
82 unsigned int do_rapl;
83 unsigned int do_dts;
84 unsigned int do_ptm;
85 unsigned int tcc_activation_temp;
86 unsigned int tcc_activation_temp_override;
87 double rapl_power_units, rapl_time_units;
88 double rapl_dram_energy_units, rapl_energy_units;
89 double rapl_joule_counter_range;
90 unsigned int do_core_perf_limit_reasons;
91 unsigned int do_gfx_perf_limit_reasons;
92 unsigned int do_ring_perf_limit_reasons;
93 unsigned int crystal_hz;
94 unsigned long long tsc_hz;
95 int base_cpu;
96
97 #define RAPL_PKG                (1 << 0)
98                                         /* 0x610 MSR_PKG_POWER_LIMIT */
99                                         /* 0x611 MSR_PKG_ENERGY_STATUS */
100 #define RAPL_PKG_PERF_STATUS    (1 << 1)
101                                         /* 0x613 MSR_PKG_PERF_STATUS */
102 #define RAPL_PKG_POWER_INFO     (1 << 2)
103                                         /* 0x614 MSR_PKG_POWER_INFO */
104
105 #define RAPL_DRAM               (1 << 3)
106                                         /* 0x618 MSR_DRAM_POWER_LIMIT */
107                                         /* 0x619 MSR_DRAM_ENERGY_STATUS */
108 #define RAPL_DRAM_PERF_STATUS   (1 << 4)
109                                         /* 0x61b MSR_DRAM_PERF_STATUS */
110 #define RAPL_DRAM_POWER_INFO    (1 << 5)
111                                         /* 0x61c MSR_DRAM_POWER_INFO */
112
113 #define RAPL_CORES              (1 << 6)
114                                         /* 0x638 MSR_PP0_POWER_LIMIT */
115                                         /* 0x639 MSR_PP0_ENERGY_STATUS */
116 #define RAPL_CORE_POLICY        (1 << 7)
117                                         /* 0x63a MSR_PP0_POLICY */
118
119 #define RAPL_GFX                (1 << 8)
120                                         /* 0x640 MSR_PP1_POWER_LIMIT */
121                                         /* 0x641 MSR_PP1_ENERGY_STATUS */
122                                         /* 0x642 MSR_PP1_POLICY */
123 #define TJMAX_DEFAULT   100
124
125 #define MAX(a, b) ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))
126
127 int aperf_mperf_unstable;
128 int backwards_count;
129 char *progname;
130
131 cpu_set_t *cpu_present_set, *cpu_affinity_set;
132 size_t cpu_present_setsize, cpu_affinity_setsize;
133
134 struct thread_data {
135         unsigned long long tsc;
136         unsigned long long aperf;
137         unsigned long long mperf;
138         unsigned long long c1;
139         unsigned long long extra_msr64;
140         unsigned long long extra_delta64;
141         unsigned long long extra_msr32;
142         unsigned long long extra_delta32;
143         unsigned int smi_count;
144         unsigned int cpu_id;
145         unsigned int flags;
146 #define CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE     0x2
147 #define CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE    0x4
148 } *thread_even, *thread_odd;
149
150 struct core_data {
151         unsigned long long c3;
152         unsigned long long c6;
153         unsigned long long c7;
154         unsigned int core_temp_c;
155         unsigned int core_id;
156 } *core_even, *core_odd;
157
158 struct pkg_data {
159         unsigned long long pc2;
160         unsigned long long pc3;
161         unsigned long long pc6;
162         unsigned long long pc7;
163         unsigned long long pc8;
164         unsigned long long pc9;
165         unsigned long long pc10;
166         unsigned long long pkg_wtd_core_c0;
167         unsigned long long pkg_any_core_c0;
168         unsigned long long pkg_any_gfxe_c0;
169         unsigned long long pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0;
170         unsigned int package_id;
171         unsigned int energy_pkg;        /* MSR_PKG_ENERGY_STATUS */
172         unsigned int energy_dram;       /* MSR_DRAM_ENERGY_STATUS */
173         unsigned int energy_cores;      /* MSR_PP0_ENERGY_STATUS */
174         unsigned int energy_gfx;        /* MSR_PP1_ENERGY_STATUS */
175         unsigned int rapl_pkg_perf_status;      /* MSR_PKG_PERF_STATUS */
176         unsigned int rapl_dram_perf_status;     /* MSR_DRAM_PERF_STATUS */
177         unsigned int pkg_temp_c;
178
179 } *package_even, *package_odd;
180
181 #define ODD_COUNTERS thread_odd, core_odd, package_odd
182 #define EVEN_COUNTERS thread_even, core_even, package_even
183
184 #define GET_THREAD(thread_base, thread_no, core_no, pkg_no) \
185         (thread_base + (pkg_no) * topo.num_cores_per_pkg * \
186                 topo.num_threads_per_core + \
187                 (core_no) * topo.num_threads_per_core + (thread_no))
188 #define GET_CORE(core_base, core_no, pkg_no) \
189         (core_base + (pkg_no) * topo.num_cores_per_pkg + (core_no))
190 #define GET_PKG(pkg_base, pkg_no) (pkg_base + pkg_no)
191
192 struct system_summary {
193         struct thread_data threads;
194         struct core_data cores;
195         struct pkg_data packages;
196 } sum, average;
197
198
199 struct topo_params {
200         int num_packages;
201         int num_cpus;
202         int num_cores;
203         int max_cpu_num;
204         int num_cores_per_pkg;
205         int num_threads_per_core;
206 } topo;
207
208 struct timeval tv_even, tv_odd, tv_delta;
209
210 void setup_all_buffers(void);
211
212 int cpu_is_not_present(int cpu)
213 {
214         return !CPU_ISSET_S(cpu, cpu_present_setsize, cpu_present_set);
215 }
216 /*
217  * run func(thread, core, package) in topology order
218  * skip non-present cpus
219  */
220
221 int for_all_cpus(int (func)(struct thread_data *, struct core_data *, struct pkg_data *),
222         struct thread_data *thread_base, struct core_data *core_base, struct pkg_data *pkg_base)
223 {
224         int retval, pkg_no, core_no, thread_no;
225
226         for (pkg_no = 0; pkg_no < topo.num_packages; ++pkg_no) {
227                 for (core_no = 0; core_no < topo.num_cores_per_pkg; ++core_no) {
228                         for (thread_no = 0; thread_no <
229                                 topo.num_threads_per_core; ++thread_no) {
230                                 struct thread_data *t;
231                                 struct core_data *c;
232                                 struct pkg_data *p;
233
234                                 t = GET_THREAD(thread_base, thread_no, core_no, pkg_no);
235
236                                 if (cpu_is_not_present(t->cpu_id))
237                                         continue;
238
239                                 c = GET_CORE(core_base, core_no, pkg_no);
240                                 p = GET_PKG(pkg_base, pkg_no);
241
242                                 retval = func(t, c, p);
243                                 if (retval)
244                                         return retval;
245                         }
246                 }
247         }
248         return 0;
249 }
250
251 int cpu_migrate(int cpu)
252 {
253         CPU_ZERO_S(cpu_affinity_setsize, cpu_affinity_set);
254         CPU_SET_S(cpu, cpu_affinity_setsize, cpu_affinity_set);
255         if (sched_setaffinity(0, cpu_affinity_setsize, cpu_affinity_set) == -1)
256                 return -1;
257         else
258                 return 0;
259 }
260
261 int get_msr(int cpu, off_t offset, unsigned long long *msr)
262 {
263         ssize_t retval;
264         char pathname[32];
265         int fd;
266
267         sprintf(pathname, "/dev/cpu/%d/msr", cpu);
268         fd = open(pathname, O_RDONLY);
269         if (fd < 0)
270                 err(-1, "%s open failed, try chown or chmod +r /dev/cpu/*/msr, or run as root", pathname);
271
272         retval = pread(fd, msr, sizeof *msr, offset);
273         close(fd);
274
275         if (retval != sizeof *msr)
276                 err(-1, "%s offset 0x%llx read failed", pathname, (unsigned long long)offset);
277
278         return 0;
279 }
280
281 /*
282  * Example Format w/ field column widths:
283  *
284  *  Package    Core     CPU Avg_MHz Bzy_MHz TSC_MHz     SMI   %Busy CPU_%c1 CPU_%c3 CPU_%c6 CPU_%c7 CoreTmp  PkgTmp Pkg%pc2 Pkg%pc3 Pkg%pc6 Pkg%pc7 PkgWatt CorWatt GFXWatt
285  * 123456781234567812345678123456781234567812345678123456781234567812345678123456781234567812345678123456781234567812345678123456781234567812345678123456781234567812345678
286  */
287
288 void print_header(void)
289 {
290         if (show_pkg)
291                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Package");
292         if (show_core)
293                 outp += sprintf(outp, "    Core");
294         if (show_cpu)
295                 outp += sprintf(outp, "     CPU");
296         if (has_aperf)
297                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Avg_MHz");
298         if (has_aperf)
299                 outp += sprintf(outp, "   %%Busy");
300         if (has_aperf)
301                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Bzy_MHz");
302         outp += sprintf(outp, " TSC_MHz");
303
304         if (extra_delta_offset32)
305                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  count 0x%03X", extra_delta_offset32);
306         if (extra_delta_offset64)
307                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  COUNT 0x%03X", extra_delta_offset64);
308         if (extra_msr_offset32)
309                 outp += sprintf(outp, "   MSR 0x%03X", extra_msr_offset32);
310         if (extra_msr_offset64)
311                 outp += sprintf(outp, "           MSR 0x%03X", extra_msr_offset64);
312
313         if (!debug)
314                 goto done;
315
316         if (do_smi)
317                 outp += sprintf(outp, "     SMI");
318
319         if (do_nhm_cstates)
320                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  CPU%%c1");
321         if (do_nhm_cstates && !do_slm_cstates && !do_knl_cstates)
322                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  CPU%%c3");
323         if (do_nhm_cstates)
324                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  CPU%%c6");
325         if (do_snb_cstates)
326                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  CPU%%c7");
327
328         if (do_dts)
329                 outp += sprintf(outp, " CoreTmp");
330         if (do_ptm)
331                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  PkgTmp");
332
333         if (do_skl_residency) {
334                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Totl%%C0");
335                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  Any%%C0");
336                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  GFX%%C0");
337                 outp += sprintf(outp, " CPUGFX%%");
338         }
339
340         if (do_pc2)
341                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Pkg%%pc2");
342         if (do_pc3)
343                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Pkg%%pc3");
344         if (do_pc6)
345                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Pkg%%pc6");
346         if (do_pc7)
347                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Pkg%%pc7");
348         if (do_c8_c9_c10) {
349                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Pkg%%pc8");
350                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Pkg%%pc9");
351                 outp += sprintf(outp, " Pk%%pc10");
352         }
353
354         if (do_rapl && !rapl_joules) {
355                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG)
356                         outp += sprintf(outp, " PkgWatt");
357                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_CORES)
358                         outp += sprintf(outp, " CorWatt");
359                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_GFX)
360                         outp += sprintf(outp, " GFXWatt");
361                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM)
362                         outp += sprintf(outp, " RAMWatt");
363                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG_PERF_STATUS)
364                         outp += sprintf(outp, "   PKG_%%");
365                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM_PERF_STATUS)
366                         outp += sprintf(outp, "   RAM_%%");
367         } else if (do_rapl && rapl_joules) {
368                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG)
369                         outp += sprintf(outp, "   Pkg_J");
370                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_CORES)
371                         outp += sprintf(outp, "   Cor_J");
372                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_GFX)
373                         outp += sprintf(outp, "   GFX_J");
374                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM)
375                         outp += sprintf(outp, "   RAM_J");
376                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG_PERF_STATUS)
377                         outp += sprintf(outp, "   PKG_%%");
378                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM_PERF_STATUS)
379                         outp += sprintf(outp, "   RAM_%%");
380                 outp += sprintf(outp, "   time");
381
382         }
383     done:
384         outp += sprintf(outp, "\n");
385 }
386
387 int dump_counters(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c,
388         struct pkg_data *p)
389 {
390         outp += sprintf(outp, "t %p, c %p, p %p\n", t, c, p);
391
392         if (t) {
393                 outp += sprintf(outp, "CPU: %d flags 0x%x\n",
394                         t->cpu_id, t->flags);
395                 outp += sprintf(outp, "TSC: %016llX\n", t->tsc);
396                 outp += sprintf(outp, "aperf: %016llX\n", t->aperf);
397                 outp += sprintf(outp, "mperf: %016llX\n", t->mperf);
398                 outp += sprintf(outp, "c1: %016llX\n", t->c1);
399                 outp += sprintf(outp, "msr0x%x: %08llX\n",
400                         extra_delta_offset32, t->extra_delta32);
401                 outp += sprintf(outp, "msr0x%x: %016llX\n",
402                         extra_delta_offset64, t->extra_delta64);
403                 outp += sprintf(outp, "msr0x%x: %08llX\n",
404                         extra_msr_offset32, t->extra_msr32);
405                 outp += sprintf(outp, "msr0x%x: %016llX\n",
406                         extra_msr_offset64, t->extra_msr64);
407                 if (do_smi)
408                         outp += sprintf(outp, "SMI: %08X\n", t->smi_count);
409         }
410
411         if (c) {
412                 outp += sprintf(outp, "core: %d\n", c->core_id);
413                 outp += sprintf(outp, "c3: %016llX\n", c->c3);
414                 outp += sprintf(outp, "c6: %016llX\n", c->c6);
415                 outp += sprintf(outp, "c7: %016llX\n", c->c7);
416                 outp += sprintf(outp, "DTS: %dC\n", c->core_temp_c);
417         }
418
419         if (p) {
420                 outp += sprintf(outp, "package: %d\n", p->package_id);
421
422                 outp += sprintf(outp, "Weighted cores: %016llX\n", p->pkg_wtd_core_c0);
423                 outp += sprintf(outp, "Any cores: %016llX\n", p->pkg_any_core_c0);
424                 outp += sprintf(outp, "Any GFX: %016llX\n", p->pkg_any_gfxe_c0);
425                 outp += sprintf(outp, "CPU + GFX: %016llX\n", p->pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0);
426
427                 outp += sprintf(outp, "pc2: %016llX\n", p->pc2);
428                 if (do_pc3)
429                         outp += sprintf(outp, "pc3: %016llX\n", p->pc3);
430                 if (do_pc6)
431                         outp += sprintf(outp, "pc6: %016llX\n", p->pc6);
432                 if (do_pc7)
433                         outp += sprintf(outp, "pc7: %016llX\n", p->pc7);
434                 outp += sprintf(outp, "pc8: %016llX\n", p->pc8);
435                 outp += sprintf(outp, "pc9: %016llX\n", p->pc9);
436                 outp += sprintf(outp, "pc10: %016llX\n", p->pc10);
437                 outp += sprintf(outp, "Joules PKG: %0X\n", p->energy_pkg);
438                 outp += sprintf(outp, "Joules COR: %0X\n", p->energy_cores);
439                 outp += sprintf(outp, "Joules GFX: %0X\n", p->energy_gfx);
440                 outp += sprintf(outp, "Joules RAM: %0X\n", p->energy_dram);
441                 outp += sprintf(outp, "Throttle PKG: %0X\n",
442                         p->rapl_pkg_perf_status);
443                 outp += sprintf(outp, "Throttle RAM: %0X\n",
444                         p->rapl_dram_perf_status);
445                 outp += sprintf(outp, "PTM: %dC\n", p->pkg_temp_c);
446         }
447
448         outp += sprintf(outp, "\n");
449
450         return 0;
451 }
452
453 /*
454  * column formatting convention & formats
455  */
456 int format_counters(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c,
457         struct pkg_data *p)
458 {
459         double interval_float;
460         char *fmt8;
461
462          /* if showing only 1st thread in core and this isn't one, bail out */
463         if (show_core_only && !(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE))
464                 return 0;
465
466          /* if showing only 1st thread in pkg and this isn't one, bail out */
467         if (show_pkg_only && !(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE))
468                 return 0;
469
470         interval_float = tv_delta.tv_sec + tv_delta.tv_usec/1000000.0;
471
472         /* topo columns, print blanks on 1st (average) line */
473         if (t == &average.threads) {
474                 if (show_pkg)
475                         outp += sprintf(outp, "       -");
476                 if (show_core)
477                         outp += sprintf(outp, "       -");
478                 if (show_cpu)
479                         outp += sprintf(outp, "       -");
480         } else {
481                 if (show_pkg) {
482                         if (p)
483                                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8d", p->package_id);
484                         else
485                                 outp += sprintf(outp, "       -");
486                 }
487                 if (show_core) {
488                         if (c)
489                                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8d", c->core_id);
490                         else
491                                 outp += sprintf(outp, "       -");
492                 }
493                 if (show_cpu)
494                         outp += sprintf(outp, "%8d", t->cpu_id);
495         }
496
497         /* Avg_MHz */
498         if (has_aperf)
499                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.0f",
500                         1.0 / units * t->aperf / interval_float);
501
502         /* %Busy */
503         if (has_aperf) {
504                 if (!skip_c0)
505                         outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * t->mperf/t->tsc);
506                 else
507                         outp += sprintf(outp, "********");
508         }
509
510         /* Bzy_MHz */
511         if (has_aperf)
512                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.0f",
513                         1.0 * t->tsc / units * t->aperf / t->mperf / interval_float);
514
515         /* TSC_MHz */
516         outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.0f", 1.0 * t->tsc/units/interval_float);
517
518         /* delta */
519         if (extra_delta_offset32)
520                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  %11llu", t->extra_delta32);
521
522         /* DELTA */
523         if (extra_delta_offset64)
524                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  %11llu", t->extra_delta64);
525         /* msr */
526         if (extra_msr_offset32)
527                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  0x%08llx", t->extra_msr32);
528
529         /* MSR */
530         if (extra_msr_offset64)
531                 outp += sprintf(outp, "  0x%016llx", t->extra_msr64);
532
533         if (!debug)
534                 goto done;
535
536         /* SMI */
537         if (do_smi)
538                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8d", t->smi_count);
539
540         if (do_nhm_cstates) {
541                 if (!skip_c1)
542                         outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * t->c1/t->tsc);
543                 else
544                         outp += sprintf(outp, "********");
545         }
546
547         /* print per-core data only for 1st thread in core */
548         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE))
549                 goto done;
550
551         if (do_nhm_cstates && !do_slm_cstates && !do_knl_cstates)
552                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * c->c3/t->tsc);
553         if (do_nhm_cstates)
554                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * c->c6/t->tsc);
555         if (do_snb_cstates)
556                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * c->c7/t->tsc);
557
558         if (do_dts)
559                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8d", c->core_temp_c);
560
561         /* print per-package data only for 1st core in package */
562         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE))
563                 goto done;
564
565         /* PkgTmp */
566         if (do_ptm)
567                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8d", p->pkg_temp_c);
568
569         /* Totl%C0, Any%C0 GFX%C0 CPUGFX% */
570         if (do_skl_residency) {
571                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pkg_wtd_core_c0/t->tsc);
572                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pkg_any_core_c0/t->tsc);
573                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pkg_any_gfxe_c0/t->tsc);
574                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0/t->tsc);
575         }
576
577         if (do_pc2)
578                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pc2/t->tsc);
579         if (do_pc3)
580                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pc3/t->tsc);
581         if (do_pc6)
582                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pc6/t->tsc);
583         if (do_pc7)
584                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pc7/t->tsc);
585         if (do_c8_c9_c10) {
586                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pc8/t->tsc);
587                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pc9/t->tsc);
588                 outp += sprintf(outp, "%8.2f", 100.0 * p->pc10/t->tsc);
589         }
590
591         /*
592          * If measurement interval exceeds minimum RAPL Joule Counter range,
593          * indicate that results are suspect by printing "**" in fraction place.
594          */
595         if (interval_float < rapl_joule_counter_range)
596                 fmt8 = "%8.2f";
597         else
598                 fmt8 = " %6.0f**";
599
600         if (do_rapl && !rapl_joules) {
601                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG)
602                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8, p->energy_pkg * rapl_energy_units / interval_float);
603                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_CORES)
604                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8, p->energy_cores * rapl_energy_units / interval_float);
605                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_GFX)
606                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8, p->energy_gfx * rapl_energy_units / interval_float);
607                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM)
608                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8, p->energy_dram * rapl_dram_energy_units / interval_float);
609                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG_PERF_STATUS)
610                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8, 100.0 * p->rapl_pkg_perf_status * rapl_time_units / interval_float);
611                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM_PERF_STATUS)
612                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8, 100.0 * p->rapl_dram_perf_status * rapl_time_units / interval_float);
613         } else if (do_rapl && rapl_joules) {
614                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG)
615                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8,
616                                         p->energy_pkg * rapl_energy_units);
617                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_CORES)
618                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8,
619                                         p->energy_cores * rapl_energy_units);
620                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_GFX)
621                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8,
622                                         p->energy_gfx * rapl_energy_units);
623                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM)
624                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8,
625                                         p->energy_dram * rapl_dram_energy_units);
626                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG_PERF_STATUS)
627                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8, 100.0 * p->rapl_pkg_perf_status * rapl_time_units / interval_float);
628                 if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM_PERF_STATUS)
629                         outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8, 100.0 * p->rapl_dram_perf_status * rapl_time_units / interval_float);
630
631                 outp += sprintf(outp, fmt8, interval_float);
632         }
633 done:
634         outp += sprintf(outp, "\n");
635
636         return 0;
637 }
638
639 void flush_stdout()
640 {
641         fputs(output_buffer, stdout);
642         fflush(stdout);
643         outp = output_buffer;
644 }
645 void flush_stderr()
646 {
647         fputs(output_buffer, stderr);
648         outp = output_buffer;
649 }
650 void format_all_counters(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c, struct pkg_data *p)
651 {
652         static int printed;
653
654         if (!printed || !summary_only)
655                 print_header();
656
657         if (topo.num_cpus > 1)
658                 format_counters(&average.threads, &average.cores,
659                         &average.packages);
660
661         printed = 1;
662
663         if (summary_only)
664                 return;
665
666         for_all_cpus(format_counters, t, c, p);
667 }
668
669 #define DELTA_WRAP32(new, old)                  \
670         if (new > old) {                        \
671                 old = new - old;                \
672         } else {                                \
673                 old = 0x100000000 + new - old;  \
674         }
675
676 void
677 delta_package(struct pkg_data *new, struct pkg_data *old)
678 {
679
680         if (do_skl_residency) {
681                 old->pkg_wtd_core_c0 = new->pkg_wtd_core_c0 - old->pkg_wtd_core_c0;
682                 old->pkg_any_core_c0 = new->pkg_any_core_c0 - old->pkg_any_core_c0;
683                 old->pkg_any_gfxe_c0 = new->pkg_any_gfxe_c0 - old->pkg_any_gfxe_c0;
684                 old->pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0 = new->pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0 - old->pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0;
685         }
686         old->pc2 = new->pc2 - old->pc2;
687         if (do_pc3)
688                 old->pc3 = new->pc3 - old->pc3;
689         if (do_pc6)
690                 old->pc6 = new->pc6 - old->pc6;
691         if (do_pc7)
692                 old->pc7 = new->pc7 - old->pc7;
693         old->pc8 = new->pc8 - old->pc8;
694         old->pc9 = new->pc9 - old->pc9;
695         old->pc10 = new->pc10 - old->pc10;
696         old->pkg_temp_c = new->pkg_temp_c;
697
698         DELTA_WRAP32(new->energy_pkg, old->energy_pkg);
699         DELTA_WRAP32(new->energy_cores, old->energy_cores);
700         DELTA_WRAP32(new->energy_gfx, old->energy_gfx);
701         DELTA_WRAP32(new->energy_dram, old->energy_dram);
702         DELTA_WRAP32(new->rapl_pkg_perf_status, old->rapl_pkg_perf_status);
703         DELTA_WRAP32(new->rapl_dram_perf_status, old->rapl_dram_perf_status);
704 }
705
706 void
707 delta_core(struct core_data *new, struct core_data *old)
708 {
709         old->c3 = new->c3 - old->c3;
710         old->c6 = new->c6 - old->c6;
711         old->c7 = new->c7 - old->c7;
712         old->core_temp_c = new->core_temp_c;
713 }
714
715 /*
716  * old = new - old
717  */
718 void
719 delta_thread(struct thread_data *new, struct thread_data *old,
720         struct core_data *core_delta)
721 {
722         old->tsc = new->tsc - old->tsc;
723
724         /* check for TSC < 1 Mcycles over interval */
725         if (old->tsc < (1000 * 1000))
726                 errx(-3, "Insanely slow TSC rate, TSC stops in idle?\n"
727                      "You can disable all c-states by booting with \"idle=poll\"\n"
728                      "or just the deep ones with \"processor.max_cstate=1\"");
729
730         old->c1 = new->c1 - old->c1;
731
732         if (has_aperf) {
733                 if ((new->aperf > old->aperf) && (new->mperf > old->mperf)) {
734                         old->aperf = new->aperf - old->aperf;
735                         old->mperf = new->mperf - old->mperf;
736                 } else {
737
738                         if (!aperf_mperf_unstable) {
739                                 fprintf(stderr, "%s: APERF or MPERF went backwards *\n", progname);
740                                 fprintf(stderr, "* Frequency results do not cover entire interval *\n");
741                                 fprintf(stderr, "* fix this by running Linux-2.6.30 or later *\n");
742
743                                 aperf_mperf_unstable = 1;
744                         }
745                         /*
746                          * mperf delta is likely a huge "positive" number
747                          * can not use it for calculating c0 time
748                          */
749                         skip_c0 = 1;
750                         skip_c1 = 1;
751                 }
752         }
753
754
755         if (use_c1_residency_msr) {
756                 /*
757                  * Some models have a dedicated C1 residency MSR,
758                  * which should be more accurate than the derivation below.
759                  */
760         } else {
761                 /*
762                  * As counter collection is not atomic,
763                  * it is possible for mperf's non-halted cycles + idle states
764                  * to exceed TSC's all cycles: show c1 = 0% in that case.
765                  */
766                 if ((old->mperf + core_delta->c3 + core_delta->c6 + core_delta->c7) > old->tsc)
767                         old->c1 = 0;
768                 else {
769                         /* normal case, derive c1 */
770                         old->c1 = old->tsc - old->mperf - core_delta->c3
771                                 - core_delta->c6 - core_delta->c7;
772                 }
773         }
774
775         if (old->mperf == 0) {
776                 if (debug > 1) fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d MPERF 0!\n", old->cpu_id);
777                 old->mperf = 1; /* divide by 0 protection */
778         }
779
780         old->extra_delta32 = new->extra_delta32 - old->extra_delta32;
781         old->extra_delta32 &= 0xFFFFFFFF;
782
783         old->extra_delta64 = new->extra_delta64 - old->extra_delta64;
784
785         /*
786          * Extra MSR is just a snapshot, simply copy latest w/o subtracting
787          */
788         old->extra_msr32 = new->extra_msr32;
789         old->extra_msr64 = new->extra_msr64;
790
791         if (do_smi)
792                 old->smi_count = new->smi_count - old->smi_count;
793 }
794
795 int delta_cpu(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c,
796         struct pkg_data *p, struct thread_data *t2,
797         struct core_data *c2, struct pkg_data *p2)
798 {
799         /* calculate core delta only for 1st thread in core */
800         if (t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE)
801                 delta_core(c, c2);
802
803         /* always calculate thread delta */
804         delta_thread(t, t2, c2);        /* c2 is core delta */
805
806         /* calculate package delta only for 1st core in package */
807         if (t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE)
808                 delta_package(p, p2);
809
810         return 0;
811 }
812
813 void clear_counters(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c, struct pkg_data *p)
814 {
815         t->tsc = 0;
816         t->aperf = 0;
817         t->mperf = 0;
818         t->c1 = 0;
819
820         t->smi_count = 0;
821         t->extra_delta32 = 0;
822         t->extra_delta64 = 0;
823
824         /* tells format_counters to dump all fields from this set */
825         t->flags = CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE | CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE;
826
827         c->c3 = 0;
828         c->c6 = 0;
829         c->c7 = 0;
830         c->core_temp_c = 0;
831
832         p->pkg_wtd_core_c0 = 0;
833         p->pkg_any_core_c0 = 0;
834         p->pkg_any_gfxe_c0 = 0;
835         p->pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0 = 0;
836
837         p->pc2 = 0;
838         if (do_pc3)
839                 p->pc3 = 0;
840         if (do_pc6)
841                 p->pc6 = 0;
842         if (do_pc7)
843                 p->pc7 = 0;
844         p->pc8 = 0;
845         p->pc9 = 0;
846         p->pc10 = 0;
847
848         p->energy_pkg = 0;
849         p->energy_dram = 0;
850         p->energy_cores = 0;
851         p->energy_gfx = 0;
852         p->rapl_pkg_perf_status = 0;
853         p->rapl_dram_perf_status = 0;
854         p->pkg_temp_c = 0;
855 }
856 int sum_counters(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c,
857         struct pkg_data *p)
858 {
859         average.threads.tsc += t->tsc;
860         average.threads.aperf += t->aperf;
861         average.threads.mperf += t->mperf;
862         average.threads.c1 += t->c1;
863
864         average.threads.extra_delta32 += t->extra_delta32;
865         average.threads.extra_delta64 += t->extra_delta64;
866
867         /* sum per-core values only for 1st thread in core */
868         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE))
869                 return 0;
870
871         average.cores.c3 += c->c3;
872         average.cores.c6 += c->c6;
873         average.cores.c7 += c->c7;
874
875         average.cores.core_temp_c = MAX(average.cores.core_temp_c, c->core_temp_c);
876
877         /* sum per-pkg values only for 1st core in pkg */
878         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE))
879                 return 0;
880
881         if (do_skl_residency) {
882                 average.packages.pkg_wtd_core_c0 += p->pkg_wtd_core_c0;
883                 average.packages.pkg_any_core_c0 += p->pkg_any_core_c0;
884                 average.packages.pkg_any_gfxe_c0 += p->pkg_any_gfxe_c0;
885                 average.packages.pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0 += p->pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0;
886         }
887
888         average.packages.pc2 += p->pc2;
889         if (do_pc3)
890                 average.packages.pc3 += p->pc3;
891         if (do_pc6)
892                 average.packages.pc6 += p->pc6;
893         if (do_pc7)
894                 average.packages.pc7 += p->pc7;
895         average.packages.pc8 += p->pc8;
896         average.packages.pc9 += p->pc9;
897         average.packages.pc10 += p->pc10;
898
899         average.packages.energy_pkg += p->energy_pkg;
900         average.packages.energy_dram += p->energy_dram;
901         average.packages.energy_cores += p->energy_cores;
902         average.packages.energy_gfx += p->energy_gfx;
903
904         average.packages.pkg_temp_c = MAX(average.packages.pkg_temp_c, p->pkg_temp_c);
905
906         average.packages.rapl_pkg_perf_status += p->rapl_pkg_perf_status;
907         average.packages.rapl_dram_perf_status += p->rapl_dram_perf_status;
908         return 0;
909 }
910 /*
911  * sum the counters for all cpus in the system
912  * compute the weighted average
913  */
914 void compute_average(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c,
915         struct pkg_data *p)
916 {
917         clear_counters(&average.threads, &average.cores, &average.packages);
918
919         for_all_cpus(sum_counters, t, c, p);
920
921         average.threads.tsc /= topo.num_cpus;
922         average.threads.aperf /= topo.num_cpus;
923         average.threads.mperf /= topo.num_cpus;
924         average.threads.c1 /= topo.num_cpus;
925
926         average.threads.extra_delta32 /= topo.num_cpus;
927         average.threads.extra_delta32 &= 0xFFFFFFFF;
928
929         average.threads.extra_delta64 /= topo.num_cpus;
930
931         average.cores.c3 /= topo.num_cores;
932         average.cores.c6 /= topo.num_cores;
933         average.cores.c7 /= topo.num_cores;
934
935         if (do_skl_residency) {
936                 average.packages.pkg_wtd_core_c0 /= topo.num_packages;
937                 average.packages.pkg_any_core_c0 /= topo.num_packages;
938                 average.packages.pkg_any_gfxe_c0 /= topo.num_packages;
939                 average.packages.pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0 /= topo.num_packages;
940         }
941
942         average.packages.pc2 /= topo.num_packages;
943         if (do_pc3)
944                 average.packages.pc3 /= topo.num_packages;
945         if (do_pc6)
946                 average.packages.pc6 /= topo.num_packages;
947         if (do_pc7)
948                 average.packages.pc7 /= topo.num_packages;
949
950         average.packages.pc8 /= topo.num_packages;
951         average.packages.pc9 /= topo.num_packages;
952         average.packages.pc10 /= topo.num_packages;
953 }
954
955 static unsigned long long rdtsc(void)
956 {
957         unsigned int low, high;
958
959         asm volatile("rdtsc" : "=a" (low), "=d" (high));
960
961         return low | ((unsigned long long)high) << 32;
962 }
963
964
965 /*
966  * get_counters(...)
967  * migrate to cpu
968  * acquire and record local counters for that cpu
969  */
970 int get_counters(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c, struct pkg_data *p)
971 {
972         int cpu = t->cpu_id;
973         unsigned long long msr;
974
975         if (cpu_migrate(cpu)) {
976                 fprintf(stderr, "Could not migrate to CPU %d\n", cpu);
977                 return -1;
978         }
979
980         t->tsc = rdtsc();       /* we are running on local CPU of interest */
981
982         if (has_aperf) {
983                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_IA32_APERF, &t->aperf))
984                         return -3;
985                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_IA32_MPERF, &t->mperf))
986                         return -4;
987         }
988
989         if (do_smi) {
990                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_SMI_COUNT, &msr))
991                         return -5;
992                 t->smi_count = msr & 0xFFFFFFFF;
993         }
994         if (extra_delta_offset32) {
995                 if (get_msr(cpu, extra_delta_offset32, &msr))
996                         return -5;
997                 t->extra_delta32 = msr & 0xFFFFFFFF;
998         }
999
1000         if (extra_delta_offset64)
1001                 if (get_msr(cpu, extra_delta_offset64, &t->extra_delta64))
1002                         return -5;
1003
1004         if (extra_msr_offset32) {
1005                 if (get_msr(cpu, extra_msr_offset32, &msr))
1006                         return -5;
1007                 t->extra_msr32 = msr & 0xFFFFFFFF;
1008         }
1009
1010         if (extra_msr_offset64)
1011                 if (get_msr(cpu, extra_msr_offset64, &t->extra_msr64))
1012                         return -5;
1013
1014         if (use_c1_residency_msr) {
1015                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_CORE_C1_RES, &t->c1))
1016                         return -6;
1017         }
1018
1019         /* collect core counters only for 1st thread in core */
1020         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE))
1021                 return 0;
1022
1023         if (do_nhm_cstates && !do_slm_cstates && !do_knl_cstates) {
1024                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_CORE_C3_RESIDENCY, &c->c3))
1025                         return -6;
1026         }
1027
1028         if (do_nhm_cstates && !do_knl_cstates) {
1029                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_CORE_C6_RESIDENCY, &c->c6))
1030                         return -7;
1031         } else if (do_knl_cstates) {
1032                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_KNL_CORE_C6_RESIDENCY, &c->c6))
1033                         return -7;
1034         }
1035
1036         if (do_snb_cstates)
1037                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_CORE_C7_RESIDENCY, &c->c7))
1038                         return -8;
1039
1040         if (do_dts) {
1041                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_IA32_THERM_STATUS, &msr))
1042                         return -9;
1043                 c->core_temp_c = tcc_activation_temp - ((msr >> 16) & 0x7F);
1044         }
1045
1046
1047         /* collect package counters only for 1st core in package */
1048         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE))
1049                 return 0;
1050
1051         if (do_skl_residency) {
1052                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_WEIGHTED_CORE_C0_RES, &p->pkg_wtd_core_c0))
1053                         return -10;
1054                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_ANY_CORE_C0_RES, &p->pkg_any_core_c0))
1055                         return -11;
1056                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_ANY_GFXE_C0_RES, &p->pkg_any_gfxe_c0))
1057                         return -12;
1058                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_BOTH_CORE_GFXE_C0_RES, &p->pkg_both_core_gfxe_c0))
1059                         return -13;
1060         }
1061         if (do_pc3)
1062                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_C3_RESIDENCY, &p->pc3))
1063                         return -9;
1064         if (do_pc6)
1065                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_C6_RESIDENCY, &p->pc6))
1066                         return -10;
1067         if (do_pc2)
1068                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_C2_RESIDENCY, &p->pc2))
1069                         return -11;
1070         if (do_pc7)
1071                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_C7_RESIDENCY, &p->pc7))
1072                         return -12;
1073         if (do_c8_c9_c10) {
1074                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_C8_RESIDENCY, &p->pc8))
1075                         return -13;
1076                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_C9_RESIDENCY, &p->pc9))
1077                         return -13;
1078                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_C10_RESIDENCY, &p->pc10))
1079                         return -13;
1080         }
1081         if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG) {
1082                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_ENERGY_STATUS, &msr))
1083                         return -13;
1084                 p->energy_pkg = msr & 0xFFFFFFFF;
1085         }
1086         if (do_rapl & RAPL_CORES) {
1087                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PP0_ENERGY_STATUS, &msr))
1088                         return -14;
1089                 p->energy_cores = msr & 0xFFFFFFFF;
1090         }
1091         if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM) {
1092                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_DRAM_ENERGY_STATUS, &msr))
1093                         return -15;
1094                 p->energy_dram = msr & 0xFFFFFFFF;
1095         }
1096         if (do_rapl & RAPL_GFX) {
1097                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PP1_ENERGY_STATUS, &msr))
1098                         return -16;
1099                 p->energy_gfx = msr & 0xFFFFFFFF;
1100         }
1101         if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG_PERF_STATUS) {
1102                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_PERF_STATUS, &msr))
1103                         return -16;
1104                 p->rapl_pkg_perf_status = msr & 0xFFFFFFFF;
1105         }
1106         if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM_PERF_STATUS) {
1107                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_DRAM_PERF_STATUS, &msr))
1108                         return -16;
1109                 p->rapl_dram_perf_status = msr & 0xFFFFFFFF;
1110         }
1111         if (do_ptm) {
1112                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_IA32_PACKAGE_THERM_STATUS, &msr))
1113                         return -17;
1114                 p->pkg_temp_c = tcc_activation_temp - ((msr >> 16) & 0x7F);
1115         }
1116         return 0;
1117 }
1118
1119 /*
1120  * MSR_PKG_CST_CONFIG_CONTROL decoding for pkg_cstate_limit:
1121  * If you change the values, note they are used both in comparisons
1122  * (>= PCL__7) and to index pkg_cstate_limit_strings[].
1123  */
1124
1125 #define PCLUKN 0 /* Unknown */
1126 #define PCLRSV 1 /* Reserved */
1127 #define PCL__0 2 /* PC0 */
1128 #define PCL__1 3 /* PC1 */
1129 #define PCL__2 4 /* PC2 */
1130 #define PCL__3 5 /* PC3 */
1131 #define PCL__4 6 /* PC4 */
1132 #define PCL__6 7 /* PC6 */
1133 #define PCL_6N 8 /* PC6 No Retention */
1134 #define PCL_6R 9 /* PC6 Retention */
1135 #define PCL__7 10 /* PC7 */
1136 #define PCL_7S 11 /* PC7 Shrink */
1137 #define PCL__8 12 /* PC8 */
1138 #define PCL__9 13 /* PC9 */
1139 #define PCLUNL 14 /* Unlimited */
1140
1141 int pkg_cstate_limit = PCLUKN;
1142 char *pkg_cstate_limit_strings[] = { "reserved", "unknown", "pc0", "pc1", "pc2",
1143         "pc3", "pc4", "pc6", "pc6n", "pc6r", "pc7", "pc7s", "pc8", "pc9", "unlimited"};
1144
1145 int nhm_pkg_cstate_limits[16] = {PCL__0, PCL__1, PCL__3, PCL__6, PCL__7, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLUNL, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV};
1146 int snb_pkg_cstate_limits[16] = {PCL__0, PCL__2, PCL_6N, PCL_6R, PCL__7, PCL_7S, PCLRSV, PCLUNL, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV};
1147 int hsw_pkg_cstate_limits[16] = {PCL__0, PCL__2, PCL__3, PCL__6, PCL__7, PCL_7S, PCL__8, PCL__9, PCLUNL, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV};
1148 int slv_pkg_cstate_limits[16] = {PCL__0, PCL__1, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCL__4, PCLRSV, PCL__6, PCL__7, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV};
1149 int amt_pkg_cstate_limits[16] = {PCL__0, PCL__1, PCL__2, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCL__6, PCL__7, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV};
1150 int phi_pkg_cstate_limits[16] = {PCL__0, PCL__2, PCL_6N, PCL_6R, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLUNL, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV, PCLRSV};
1151
1152 static void
1153 dump_nhm_platform_info(void)
1154 {
1155         unsigned long long msr;
1156         unsigned int ratio;
1157
1158         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_NHM_PLATFORM_INFO, &msr);
1159
1160         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_NHM_PLATFORM_INFO: 0x%08llx\n", base_cpu, msr);
1161
1162         ratio = (msr >> 40) & 0xFF;
1163         fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max efficiency frequency\n",
1164                 ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1165
1166         ratio = (msr >> 8) & 0xFF;
1167         fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz base frequency\n",
1168                 ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1169
1170         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_IA32_POWER_CTL, &msr);
1171         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_IA32_POWER_CTL: 0x%08llx (C1E auto-promotion: %sabled)\n",
1172                 base_cpu, msr, msr & 0x2 ? "EN" : "DIS");
1173
1174         return;
1175 }
1176
1177 static void
1178 dump_hsw_turbo_ratio_limits(void)
1179 {
1180         unsigned long long msr;
1181         unsigned int ratio;
1182
1183         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT2, &msr);
1184
1185         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT2: 0x%08llx\n", base_cpu, msr);
1186
1187         ratio = (msr >> 8) & 0xFF;
1188         if (ratio)
1189                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 18 active cores\n",
1190                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1191
1192         ratio = (msr >> 0) & 0xFF;
1193         if (ratio)
1194                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 17 active cores\n",
1195                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1196         return;
1197 }
1198
1199 static void
1200 dump_ivt_turbo_ratio_limits(void)
1201 {
1202         unsigned long long msr;
1203         unsigned int ratio;
1204
1205         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT1, &msr);
1206
1207         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT1: 0x%08llx\n", base_cpu, msr);
1208
1209         ratio = (msr >> 56) & 0xFF;
1210         if (ratio)
1211                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 16 active cores\n",
1212                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1213
1214         ratio = (msr >> 48) & 0xFF;
1215         if (ratio)
1216                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 15 active cores\n",
1217                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1218
1219         ratio = (msr >> 40) & 0xFF;
1220         if (ratio)
1221                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 14 active cores\n",
1222                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1223
1224         ratio = (msr >> 32) & 0xFF;
1225         if (ratio)
1226                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 13 active cores\n",
1227                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1228
1229         ratio = (msr >> 24) & 0xFF;
1230         if (ratio)
1231                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 12 active cores\n",
1232                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1233
1234         ratio = (msr >> 16) & 0xFF;
1235         if (ratio)
1236                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 11 active cores\n",
1237                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1238
1239         ratio = (msr >> 8) & 0xFF;
1240         if (ratio)
1241                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 10 active cores\n",
1242                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1243
1244         ratio = (msr >> 0) & 0xFF;
1245         if (ratio)
1246                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 9 active cores\n",
1247                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1248         return;
1249 }
1250
1251 static void
1252 dump_nhm_turbo_ratio_limits(void)
1253 {
1254         unsigned long long msr;
1255         unsigned int ratio;
1256
1257         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT, &msr);
1258
1259         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT: 0x%08llx\n", base_cpu, msr);
1260
1261         ratio = (msr >> 56) & 0xFF;
1262         if (ratio)
1263                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 8 active cores\n",
1264                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1265
1266         ratio = (msr >> 48) & 0xFF;
1267         if (ratio)
1268                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 7 active cores\n",
1269                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1270
1271         ratio = (msr >> 40) & 0xFF;
1272         if (ratio)
1273                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 6 active cores\n",
1274                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1275
1276         ratio = (msr >> 32) & 0xFF;
1277         if (ratio)
1278                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 5 active cores\n",
1279                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1280
1281         ratio = (msr >> 24) & 0xFF;
1282         if (ratio)
1283                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 4 active cores\n",
1284                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1285
1286         ratio = (msr >> 16) & 0xFF;
1287         if (ratio)
1288                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 3 active cores\n",
1289                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1290
1291         ratio = (msr >> 8) & 0xFF;
1292         if (ratio)
1293                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 2 active cores\n",
1294                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1295
1296         ratio = (msr >> 0) & 0xFF;
1297         if (ratio)
1298                 fprintf(stderr, "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo 1 active cores\n",
1299                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk);
1300         return;
1301 }
1302
1303 static void
1304 dump_knl_turbo_ratio_limits(void)
1305 {
1306         int cores;
1307         unsigned int ratio;
1308         unsigned long long msr;
1309         int delta_cores;
1310         int delta_ratio;
1311         int i;
1312
1313         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_NHM_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT, &msr);
1314
1315         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_NHM_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT: 0x%08llx\n",
1316                 base_cpu, msr);
1317
1318         /**
1319          * Turbo encoding in KNL is as follows:
1320          * [7:0] -- Base value of number of active cores of bucket 1.
1321          * [15:8] -- Base value of freq ratio of bucket 1.
1322          * [20:16] -- +ve delta of number of active cores of bucket 2.
1323          * i.e. active cores of bucket 2 =
1324          * active cores of bucket 1 + delta
1325          * [23:21] -- Negative delta of freq ratio of bucket 2.
1326          * i.e. freq ratio of bucket 2 =
1327          * freq ratio of bucket 1 - delta
1328          * [28:24]-- +ve delta of number of active cores of bucket 3.
1329          * [31:29]-- -ve delta of freq ratio of bucket 3.
1330          * [36:32]-- +ve delta of number of active cores of bucket 4.
1331          * [39:37]-- -ve delta of freq ratio of bucket 4.
1332          * [44:40]-- +ve delta of number of active cores of bucket 5.
1333          * [47:45]-- -ve delta of freq ratio of bucket 5.
1334          * [52:48]-- +ve delta of number of active cores of bucket 6.
1335          * [55:53]-- -ve delta of freq ratio of bucket 6.
1336          * [60:56]-- +ve delta of number of active cores of bucket 7.
1337          * [63:61]-- -ve delta of freq ratio of bucket 7.
1338          */
1339         cores = msr & 0xFF;
1340         ratio = (msr >> 8) && 0xFF;
1341         if (ratio > 0)
1342                 fprintf(stderr,
1343                         "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo %d active cores\n",
1344                         ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk, cores);
1345
1346         for (i = 16; i < 64; i = i + 8) {
1347                 delta_cores = (msr >> i) & 0x1F;
1348                 delta_ratio = (msr >> (i + 5)) && 0x7;
1349                 if (!delta_cores || !delta_ratio)
1350                         return;
1351                 cores = cores + delta_cores;
1352                 ratio = ratio - delta_ratio;
1353
1354                 /** -ve ratios will make successive ratio calculations
1355                  * negative. Hence return instead of carrying on.
1356                  */
1357                 if (ratio > 0)
1358                         fprintf(stderr,
1359                                 "%d * %.0f = %.0f MHz max turbo %d active cores\n",
1360                                 ratio, bclk, ratio * bclk, cores);
1361         }
1362 }
1363
1364 static void
1365 dump_nhm_cst_cfg(void)
1366 {
1367         unsigned long long msr;
1368
1369         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_NHM_SNB_PKG_CST_CFG_CTL, &msr);
1370
1371 #define SNB_C1_AUTO_UNDEMOTE              (1UL << 27)
1372 #define SNB_C3_AUTO_UNDEMOTE              (1UL << 28)
1373
1374         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_NHM_SNB_PKG_CST_CFG_CTL: 0x%08llx", base_cpu, msr);
1375
1376         fprintf(stderr, " (%s%s%s%s%slocked: pkg-cstate-limit=%d: %s)\n",
1377                 (msr & SNB_C3_AUTO_UNDEMOTE) ? "UNdemote-C3, " : "",
1378                 (msr & SNB_C1_AUTO_UNDEMOTE) ? "UNdemote-C1, " : "",
1379                 (msr & NHM_C3_AUTO_DEMOTE) ? "demote-C3, " : "",
1380                 (msr & NHM_C1_AUTO_DEMOTE) ? "demote-C1, " : "",
1381                 (msr & (1 << 15)) ? "" : "UN",
1382                 (unsigned int)msr & 7,
1383                 pkg_cstate_limit_strings[pkg_cstate_limit]);
1384         return;
1385 }
1386
1387 static void
1388 dump_config_tdp(void)
1389 {
1390         unsigned long long msr;
1391
1392         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_CONFIG_TDP_NOMINAL, &msr);
1393         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_CONFIG_TDP_NOMINAL: 0x%08llx", base_cpu, msr);
1394         fprintf(stderr, " (base_ratio=%d)\n", (unsigned int)msr & 0xEF);
1395
1396         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_CONFIG_TDP_LEVEL_1, &msr);
1397         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_CONFIG_TDP_LEVEL_1: 0x%08llx (", base_cpu, msr);
1398         if (msr) {
1399                 fprintf(stderr, "PKG_MIN_PWR_LVL1=%d ", (unsigned int)(msr >> 48) & 0xEFFF);
1400                 fprintf(stderr, "PKG_MAX_PWR_LVL1=%d ", (unsigned int)(msr >> 32) & 0xEFFF);
1401                 fprintf(stderr, "LVL1_RATIO=%d ", (unsigned int)(msr >> 16) & 0xEF);
1402                 fprintf(stderr, "PKG_TDP_LVL1=%d", (unsigned int)(msr) & 0xEFFF);
1403         }
1404         fprintf(stderr, ")\n");
1405
1406         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_CONFIG_TDP_LEVEL_2, &msr);
1407         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_CONFIG_TDP_LEVEL_2: 0x%08llx (", base_cpu, msr);
1408         if (msr) {
1409                 fprintf(stderr, "PKG_MIN_PWR_LVL2=%d ", (unsigned int)(msr >> 48) & 0xEFFF);
1410                 fprintf(stderr, "PKG_MAX_PWR_LVL2=%d ", (unsigned int)(msr >> 32) & 0xEFFF);
1411                 fprintf(stderr, "LVL2_RATIO=%d ", (unsigned int)(msr >> 16) & 0xEF);
1412                 fprintf(stderr, "PKG_TDP_LVL2=%d", (unsigned int)(msr) & 0xEFFF);
1413         }
1414         fprintf(stderr, ")\n");
1415
1416         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_CONFIG_TDP_CONTROL, &msr);
1417         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_CONFIG_TDP_CONTROL: 0x%08llx (", base_cpu, msr);
1418         if ((msr) & 0x3)
1419                 fprintf(stderr, "TDP_LEVEL=%d ", (unsigned int)(msr) & 0x3);
1420         fprintf(stderr, " lock=%d", (unsigned int)(msr >> 31) & 1);
1421         fprintf(stderr, ")\n");
1422         
1423         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_TURBO_ACTIVATION_RATIO, &msr);
1424         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_TURBO_ACTIVATION_RATIO: 0x%08llx (", base_cpu, msr);
1425         fprintf(stderr, "MAX_NON_TURBO_RATIO=%d", (unsigned int)(msr) & 0xEF);
1426         fprintf(stderr, " lock=%d", (unsigned int)(msr >> 31) & 1);
1427         fprintf(stderr, ")\n");
1428 }
1429
1430 void free_all_buffers(void)
1431 {
1432         CPU_FREE(cpu_present_set);
1433         cpu_present_set = NULL;
1434         cpu_present_set = 0;
1435
1436         CPU_FREE(cpu_affinity_set);
1437         cpu_affinity_set = NULL;
1438         cpu_affinity_setsize = 0;
1439
1440         free(thread_even);
1441         free(core_even);
1442         free(package_even);
1443
1444         thread_even = NULL;
1445         core_even = NULL;
1446         package_even = NULL;
1447
1448         free(thread_odd);
1449         free(core_odd);
1450         free(package_odd);
1451
1452         thread_odd = NULL;
1453         core_odd = NULL;
1454         package_odd = NULL;
1455
1456         free(output_buffer);
1457         output_buffer = NULL;
1458         outp = NULL;
1459 }
1460
1461 /*
1462  * Open a file, and exit on failure
1463  */
1464 FILE *fopen_or_die(const char *path, const char *mode)
1465 {
1466         FILE *filep = fopen(path, "r");
1467         if (!filep)
1468                 err(1, "%s: open failed", path);
1469         return filep;
1470 }
1471
1472 /*
1473  * Parse a file containing a single int.
1474  */
1475 int parse_int_file(const char *fmt, ...)
1476 {
1477         va_list args;
1478         char path[PATH_MAX];
1479         FILE *filep;
1480         int value;
1481
1482         va_start(args, fmt);
1483         vsnprintf(path, sizeof(path), fmt, args);
1484         va_end(args);
1485         filep = fopen_or_die(path, "r");
1486         if (fscanf(filep, "%d", &value) != 1)
1487                 err(1, "%s: failed to parse number from file", path);
1488         fclose(filep);
1489         return value;
1490 }
1491
1492 /*
1493  * get_cpu_position_in_core(cpu)
1494  * return the position of the CPU among its HT siblings in the core
1495  * return -1 if the sibling is not in list
1496  */
1497 int get_cpu_position_in_core(int cpu)
1498 {
1499         char path[64];
1500         FILE *filep;
1501         int this_cpu;
1502         char character;
1503         int i;
1504
1505         sprintf(path,
1506                 "/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu%d/topology/thread_siblings_list",
1507                 cpu);
1508         filep = fopen(path, "r");
1509         if (filep == NULL) {
1510                 perror(path);
1511                 exit(1);
1512         }
1513
1514         for (i = 0; i < topo.num_threads_per_core; i++) {
1515                 fscanf(filep, "%d", &this_cpu);
1516                 if (this_cpu == cpu) {
1517                         fclose(filep);
1518                         return i;
1519                 }
1520
1521                 /* Account for no separator after last thread*/
1522                 if (i != (topo.num_threads_per_core - 1))
1523                         fscanf(filep, "%c", &character);
1524         }
1525
1526         fclose(filep);
1527         return -1;
1528 }
1529
1530 /*
1531  * cpu_is_first_core_in_package(cpu)
1532  * return 1 if given CPU is 1st core in package
1533  */
1534 int cpu_is_first_core_in_package(int cpu)
1535 {
1536         return cpu == parse_int_file("/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu%d/topology/core_siblings_list", cpu);
1537 }
1538
1539 int get_physical_package_id(int cpu)
1540 {
1541         return parse_int_file("/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu%d/topology/physical_package_id", cpu);
1542 }
1543
1544 int get_core_id(int cpu)
1545 {
1546         return parse_int_file("/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu%d/topology/core_id", cpu);
1547 }
1548
1549 int get_num_ht_siblings(int cpu)
1550 {
1551         char path[80];
1552         FILE *filep;
1553         int sib1;
1554         int matches = 0;
1555         char character;
1556         char str[100];
1557         char *ch;
1558
1559         sprintf(path, "/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu%d/topology/thread_siblings_list", cpu);
1560         filep = fopen_or_die(path, "r");
1561
1562         /*
1563          * file format:
1564          * A ',' separated or '-' separated set of numbers
1565          * (eg 1-2 or 1,3,4,5)
1566          */
1567         fscanf(filep, "%d%c\n", &sib1, &character);
1568         fseek(filep, 0, SEEK_SET);
1569         fgets(str, 100, filep);
1570         ch = strchr(str, character);
1571         while (ch != NULL) {
1572                 matches++;
1573                 ch = strchr(ch+1, character);
1574         }
1575
1576         fclose(filep);
1577         return matches+1;
1578 }
1579
1580 /*
1581  * run func(thread, core, package) in topology order
1582  * skip non-present cpus
1583  */
1584
1585 int for_all_cpus_2(int (func)(struct thread_data *, struct core_data *,
1586         struct pkg_data *, struct thread_data *, struct core_data *,
1587         struct pkg_data *), struct thread_data *thread_base,
1588         struct core_data *core_base, struct pkg_data *pkg_base,
1589         struct thread_data *thread_base2, struct core_data *core_base2,
1590         struct pkg_data *pkg_base2)
1591 {
1592         int retval, pkg_no, core_no, thread_no;
1593
1594         for (pkg_no = 0; pkg_no < topo.num_packages; ++pkg_no) {
1595                 for (core_no = 0; core_no < topo.num_cores_per_pkg; ++core_no) {
1596                         for (thread_no = 0; thread_no <
1597                                 topo.num_threads_per_core; ++thread_no) {
1598                                 struct thread_data *t, *t2;
1599                                 struct core_data *c, *c2;
1600                                 struct pkg_data *p, *p2;
1601
1602                                 t = GET_THREAD(thread_base, thread_no, core_no, pkg_no);
1603
1604                                 if (cpu_is_not_present(t->cpu_id))
1605                                         continue;
1606
1607                                 t2 = GET_THREAD(thread_base2, thread_no, core_no, pkg_no);
1608
1609                                 c = GET_CORE(core_base, core_no, pkg_no);
1610                                 c2 = GET_CORE(core_base2, core_no, pkg_no);
1611
1612                                 p = GET_PKG(pkg_base, pkg_no);
1613                                 p2 = GET_PKG(pkg_base2, pkg_no);
1614
1615                                 retval = func(t, c, p, t2, c2, p2);
1616                                 if (retval)
1617                                         return retval;
1618                         }
1619                 }
1620         }
1621         return 0;
1622 }
1623
1624 /*
1625  * run func(cpu) on every cpu in /proc/stat
1626  * return max_cpu number
1627  */
1628 int for_all_proc_cpus(int (func)(int))
1629 {
1630         FILE *fp;
1631         int cpu_num;
1632         int retval;
1633
1634         fp = fopen_or_die(proc_stat, "r");
1635
1636         retval = fscanf(fp, "cpu %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d\n");
1637         if (retval != 0)
1638                 err(1, "%s: failed to parse format", proc_stat);
1639
1640         while (1) {
1641                 retval = fscanf(fp, "cpu%u %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d\n", &cpu_num);
1642                 if (retval != 1)
1643                         break;
1644
1645                 retval = func(cpu_num);
1646                 if (retval) {
1647                         fclose(fp);
1648                         return(retval);
1649                 }
1650         }
1651         fclose(fp);
1652         return 0;
1653 }
1654
1655 void re_initialize(void)
1656 {
1657         free_all_buffers();
1658         setup_all_buffers();
1659         printf("turbostat: re-initialized with num_cpus %d\n", topo.num_cpus);
1660 }
1661
1662
1663 /*
1664  * count_cpus()
1665  * remember the last one seen, it will be the max
1666  */
1667 int count_cpus(int cpu)
1668 {
1669         if (topo.max_cpu_num < cpu)
1670                 topo.max_cpu_num = cpu;
1671
1672         topo.num_cpus += 1;
1673         return 0;
1674 }
1675 int mark_cpu_present(int cpu)
1676 {
1677         CPU_SET_S(cpu, cpu_present_setsize, cpu_present_set);
1678         return 0;
1679 }
1680
1681 void turbostat_loop()
1682 {
1683         int retval;
1684         int restarted = 0;
1685
1686 restart:
1687         restarted++;
1688
1689         retval = for_all_cpus(get_counters, EVEN_COUNTERS);
1690         if (retval < -1) {
1691                 exit(retval);
1692         } else if (retval == -1) {
1693                 if (restarted > 1) {
1694                         exit(retval);
1695                 }
1696                 re_initialize();
1697                 goto restart;
1698         }
1699         restarted = 0;
1700         gettimeofday(&tv_even, (struct timezone *)NULL);
1701
1702         while (1) {
1703                 if (for_all_proc_cpus(cpu_is_not_present)) {
1704                         re_initialize();
1705                         goto restart;
1706                 }
1707                 sleep(interval_sec);
1708                 retval = for_all_cpus(get_counters, ODD_COUNTERS);
1709                 if (retval < -1) {
1710                         exit(retval);
1711                 } else if (retval == -1) {
1712                         re_initialize();
1713                         goto restart;
1714                 }
1715                 gettimeofday(&tv_odd, (struct timezone *)NULL);
1716                 timersub(&tv_odd, &tv_even, &tv_delta);
1717                 for_all_cpus_2(delta_cpu, ODD_COUNTERS, EVEN_COUNTERS);
1718                 compute_average(EVEN_COUNTERS);
1719                 format_all_counters(EVEN_COUNTERS);
1720                 flush_stdout();
1721                 sleep(interval_sec);
1722                 retval = for_all_cpus(get_counters, EVEN_COUNTERS);
1723                 if (retval < -1) {
1724                         exit(retval);
1725                 } else if (retval == -1) {
1726                         re_initialize();
1727                         goto restart;
1728                 }
1729                 gettimeofday(&tv_even, (struct timezone *)NULL);
1730                 timersub(&tv_even, &tv_odd, &tv_delta);
1731                 for_all_cpus_2(delta_cpu, EVEN_COUNTERS, ODD_COUNTERS);
1732                 compute_average(ODD_COUNTERS);
1733                 format_all_counters(ODD_COUNTERS);
1734                 flush_stdout();
1735         }
1736 }
1737
1738 void check_dev_msr()
1739 {
1740         struct stat sb;
1741         char pathname[32];
1742
1743         sprintf(pathname, "/dev/cpu/%d/msr", base_cpu);
1744         if (stat(pathname, &sb))
1745                 if (system("/sbin/modprobe msr > /dev/null 2>&1"))
1746                         err(-5, "no /dev/cpu/0/msr, Try \"# modprobe msr\" ");
1747 }
1748
1749 void check_permissions()
1750 {
1751         struct __user_cap_header_struct cap_header_data;
1752         cap_user_header_t cap_header = &cap_header_data;
1753         struct __user_cap_data_struct cap_data_data;
1754         cap_user_data_t cap_data = &cap_data_data;
1755         extern int capget(cap_user_header_t hdrp, cap_user_data_t datap);
1756         int do_exit = 0;
1757         char pathname[32];
1758
1759         /* check for CAP_SYS_RAWIO */
1760         cap_header->pid = getpid();
1761         cap_header->version = _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION;
1762         if (capget(cap_header, cap_data) < 0)
1763                 err(-6, "capget(2) failed");
1764
1765         if ((cap_data->effective & (1 << CAP_SYS_RAWIO)) == 0) {
1766                 do_exit++;
1767                 warnx("capget(CAP_SYS_RAWIO) failed,"
1768                         " try \"# setcap cap_sys_rawio=ep %s\"", progname);
1769         }
1770
1771         /* test file permissions */
1772         sprintf(pathname, "/dev/cpu/%d/msr", base_cpu);
1773         if (euidaccess(pathname, R_OK)) {
1774                 do_exit++;
1775                 warn("/dev/cpu/0/msr open failed, try chown or chmod +r /dev/cpu/*/msr");
1776         }
1777
1778         /* if all else fails, thell them to be root */
1779         if (do_exit)
1780                 if (getuid() != 0)
1781                         warnx("... or simply run as root");
1782
1783         if (do_exit)
1784                 exit(-6);
1785 }
1786
1787 /*
1788  * NHM adds support for additional MSRs:
1789  *
1790  * MSR_SMI_COUNT                   0x00000034
1791  *
1792  * MSR_NHM_PLATFORM_INFO           0x000000ce
1793  * MSR_NHM_SNB_PKG_CST_CFG_CTL     0x000000e2
1794  *
1795  * MSR_PKG_C3_RESIDENCY            0x000003f8
1796  * MSR_PKG_C6_RESIDENCY            0x000003f9
1797  * MSR_CORE_C3_RESIDENCY           0x000003fc
1798  * MSR_CORE_C6_RESIDENCY           0x000003fd
1799  *
1800  * Side effect:
1801  * sets global pkg_cstate_limit to decode MSR_NHM_SNB_PKG_CST_CFG_CTL
1802  */
1803 int probe_nhm_msrs(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
1804 {
1805         unsigned long long msr;
1806         int *pkg_cstate_limits;
1807
1808         if (!genuine_intel)
1809                 return 0;
1810
1811         if (family != 6)
1812                 return 0;
1813
1814         switch (model) {
1815         case 0x1A:      /* Core i7, Xeon 5500 series - Bloomfield, Gainstown NHM-EP */
1816         case 0x1E:      /* Core i7 and i5 Processor - Clarksfield, Lynnfield, Jasper Forest */
1817         case 0x1F:      /* Core i7 and i5 Processor - Nehalem */
1818         case 0x25:      /* Westmere Client - Clarkdale, Arrandale */
1819         case 0x2C:      /* Westmere EP - Gulftown */
1820         case 0x2E:      /* Nehalem-EX Xeon - Beckton */
1821         case 0x2F:      /* Westmere-EX Xeon - Eagleton */
1822                 pkg_cstate_limits = nhm_pkg_cstate_limits;
1823                 break;
1824         case 0x2A:      /* SNB */
1825         case 0x2D:      /* SNB Xeon */
1826         case 0x3A:      /* IVB */
1827         case 0x3E:      /* IVB Xeon */
1828                 pkg_cstate_limits = snb_pkg_cstate_limits;
1829                 break;
1830         case 0x3C:      /* HSW */
1831         case 0x3F:      /* HSX */
1832         case 0x45:      /* HSW */
1833         case 0x46:      /* HSW */
1834         case 0x3D:      /* BDW */
1835         case 0x47:      /* BDW */
1836         case 0x4F:      /* BDX */
1837         case 0x56:      /* BDX-DE */
1838         case 0x4E:      /* SKL */
1839         case 0x5E:      /* SKL */
1840                 pkg_cstate_limits = hsw_pkg_cstate_limits;
1841                 break;
1842         case 0x37:      /* BYT */
1843         case 0x4D:      /* AVN */
1844                 pkg_cstate_limits = slv_pkg_cstate_limits;
1845                 break;
1846         case 0x4C:      /* AMT */
1847                 pkg_cstate_limits = amt_pkg_cstate_limits;
1848                 break;
1849         case 0x57:      /* PHI */
1850                 pkg_cstate_limits = phi_pkg_cstate_limits;
1851                 break;
1852         default:
1853                 return 0;
1854         }
1855         get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_NHM_SNB_PKG_CST_CFG_CTL, &msr);
1856
1857         pkg_cstate_limit = pkg_cstate_limits[msr & 0xF];
1858
1859         return 1;
1860 }
1861 int has_nhm_turbo_ratio_limit(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
1862 {
1863         switch (model) {
1864         /* Nehalem compatible, but do not include turbo-ratio limit support */
1865         case 0x2E:      /* Nehalem-EX Xeon - Beckton */
1866         case 0x2F:      /* Westmere-EX Xeon - Eagleton */
1867                 return 0;
1868         default:
1869                 return 1;
1870         }
1871 }
1872 int has_ivt_turbo_ratio_limit(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
1873 {
1874         if (!genuine_intel)
1875                 return 0;
1876
1877         if (family != 6)
1878                 return 0;
1879
1880         switch (model) {
1881         case 0x3E:      /* IVB Xeon */
1882         case 0x3F:      /* HSW Xeon */
1883                 return 1;
1884         default:
1885                 return 0;
1886         }
1887 }
1888 int has_hsw_turbo_ratio_limit(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
1889 {
1890         if (!genuine_intel)
1891                 return 0;
1892
1893         if (family != 6)
1894                 return 0;
1895
1896         switch (model) {
1897         case 0x3F:      /* HSW Xeon */
1898                 return 1;
1899         default:
1900                 return 0;
1901         }
1902 }
1903
1904 int has_knl_turbo_ratio_limit(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
1905 {
1906         if (!genuine_intel)
1907                 return 0;
1908
1909         if (family != 6)
1910                 return 0;
1911
1912         switch (model) {
1913         case 0x57:      /* Knights Landing */
1914                 return 1;
1915         default:
1916                 return 0;
1917         }
1918 }
1919 int has_config_tdp(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
1920 {
1921         if (!genuine_intel)
1922                 return 0;
1923
1924         if (family != 6)
1925                 return 0;
1926
1927         switch (model) {
1928         case 0x3A:      /* IVB */
1929         case 0x3C:      /* HSW */
1930         case 0x3F:      /* HSX */
1931         case 0x45:      /* HSW */
1932         case 0x46:      /* HSW */
1933         case 0x3D:      /* BDW */
1934         case 0x47:      /* BDW */
1935         case 0x4F:      /* BDX */
1936         case 0x56:      /* BDX-DE */
1937         case 0x4E:      /* SKL */
1938         case 0x5E:      /* SKL */
1939
1940         case 0x57:      /* Knights Landing */
1941                 return 1;
1942         default:
1943                 return 0;
1944         }
1945 }
1946
1947 static void
1948 dump_cstate_pstate_config_info(family, model)
1949 {
1950         if (!do_nhm_platform_info)
1951                 return;
1952
1953         dump_nhm_platform_info();
1954
1955         if (has_hsw_turbo_ratio_limit(family, model))
1956                 dump_hsw_turbo_ratio_limits();
1957
1958         if (has_ivt_turbo_ratio_limit(family, model))
1959                 dump_ivt_turbo_ratio_limits();
1960
1961         if (has_nhm_turbo_ratio_limit(family, model))
1962                 dump_nhm_turbo_ratio_limits();
1963
1964         if (has_knl_turbo_ratio_limit(family, model))
1965                 dump_knl_turbo_ratio_limits();
1966
1967         if (has_config_tdp(family, model))
1968                 dump_config_tdp();
1969
1970         dump_nhm_cst_cfg();
1971 }
1972
1973
1974 /*
1975  * print_epb()
1976  * Decode the ENERGY_PERF_BIAS MSR
1977  */
1978 int print_epb(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c, struct pkg_data *p)
1979 {
1980         unsigned long long msr;
1981         char *epb_string;
1982         int cpu;
1983
1984         if (!has_epb)
1985                 return 0;
1986
1987         cpu = t->cpu_id;
1988
1989         /* EPB is per-package */
1990         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE) || !(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE))
1991                 return 0;
1992
1993         if (cpu_migrate(cpu)) {
1994                 fprintf(stderr, "Could not migrate to CPU %d\n", cpu);
1995                 return -1;
1996         }
1997
1998         if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_IA32_ENERGY_PERF_BIAS, &msr))
1999                 return 0;
2000
2001         switch (msr & 0xF) {
2002         case ENERGY_PERF_BIAS_PERFORMANCE:
2003                 epb_string = "performance";
2004                 break;
2005         case ENERGY_PERF_BIAS_NORMAL:
2006                 epb_string = "balanced";
2007                 break;
2008         case ENERGY_PERF_BIAS_POWERSAVE:
2009                 epb_string = "powersave";
2010                 break;
2011         default:
2012                 epb_string = "custom";
2013                 break;
2014         }
2015         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_IA32_ENERGY_PERF_BIAS: 0x%08llx (%s)\n", cpu, msr, epb_string);
2016
2017         return 0;
2018 }
2019
2020 /*
2021  * print_perf_limit()
2022  */
2023 int print_perf_limit(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c, struct pkg_data *p)
2024 {
2025         unsigned long long msr;
2026         int cpu;
2027
2028         cpu = t->cpu_id;
2029
2030         /* per-package */
2031         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE) || !(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE))
2032                 return 0;
2033
2034         if (cpu_migrate(cpu)) {
2035                 fprintf(stderr, "Could not migrate to CPU %d\n", cpu);
2036                 return -1;
2037         }
2038
2039         if (do_core_perf_limit_reasons) {
2040                 get_msr(cpu, MSR_CORE_PERF_LIMIT_REASONS, &msr);
2041                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_CORE_PERF_LIMIT_REASONS, 0x%08llx", cpu, msr);
2042                 fprintf(stderr, " (Active: %s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s)",
2043                         (msr & 1 << 15) ? "bit15, " : "",
2044                         (msr & 1 << 14) ? "bit14, " : "",
2045                         (msr & 1 << 13) ? "Transitions, " : "",
2046                         (msr & 1 << 12) ? "MultiCoreTurbo, " : "",
2047                         (msr & 1 << 11) ? "PkgPwrL2, " : "",
2048                         (msr & 1 << 10) ? "PkgPwrL1, " : "",
2049                         (msr & 1 << 9) ? "CorePwr, " : "",
2050                         (msr & 1 << 8) ? "Amps, " : "",
2051                         (msr & 1 << 6) ? "VR-Therm, " : "",
2052                         (msr & 1 << 5) ? "Auto-HWP, " : "",
2053                         (msr & 1 << 4) ? "Graphics, " : "",
2054                         (msr & 1 << 2) ? "bit2, " : "",
2055                         (msr & 1 << 1) ? "ThermStatus, " : "",
2056                         (msr & 1 << 0) ? "PROCHOT, " : "");
2057                 fprintf(stderr, " (Logged: %s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s)\n",
2058                         (msr & 1 << 31) ? "bit31, " : "",
2059                         (msr & 1 << 30) ? "bit30, " : "",
2060                         (msr & 1 << 29) ? "Transitions, " : "",
2061                         (msr & 1 << 28) ? "MultiCoreTurbo, " : "",
2062                         (msr & 1 << 27) ? "PkgPwrL2, " : "",
2063                         (msr & 1 << 26) ? "PkgPwrL1, " : "",
2064                         (msr & 1 << 25) ? "CorePwr, " : "",
2065                         (msr & 1 << 24) ? "Amps, " : "",
2066                         (msr & 1 << 22) ? "VR-Therm, " : "",
2067                         (msr & 1 << 21) ? "Auto-HWP, " : "",
2068                         (msr & 1 << 20) ? "Graphics, " : "",
2069                         (msr & 1 << 18) ? "bit18, " : "",
2070                         (msr & 1 << 17) ? "ThermStatus, " : "",
2071                         (msr & 1 << 16) ? "PROCHOT, " : "");
2072
2073         }
2074         if (do_gfx_perf_limit_reasons) {
2075                 get_msr(cpu, MSR_GFX_PERF_LIMIT_REASONS, &msr);
2076                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_GFX_PERF_LIMIT_REASONS, 0x%08llx", cpu, msr);
2077                 fprintf(stderr, " (Active: %s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s)",
2078                         (msr & 1 << 0) ? "PROCHOT, " : "",
2079                         (msr & 1 << 1) ? "ThermStatus, " : "",
2080                         (msr & 1 << 4) ? "Graphics, " : "",
2081                         (msr & 1 << 6) ? "VR-Therm, " : "",
2082                         (msr & 1 << 8) ? "Amps, " : "",
2083                         (msr & 1 << 9) ? "GFXPwr, " : "",
2084                         (msr & 1 << 10) ? "PkgPwrL1, " : "",
2085                         (msr & 1 << 11) ? "PkgPwrL2, " : "");
2086                 fprintf(stderr, " (Logged: %s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s)\n",
2087                         (msr & 1 << 16) ? "PROCHOT, " : "",
2088                         (msr & 1 << 17) ? "ThermStatus, " : "",
2089                         (msr & 1 << 20) ? "Graphics, " : "",
2090                         (msr & 1 << 22) ? "VR-Therm, " : "",
2091                         (msr & 1 << 24) ? "Amps, " : "",
2092                         (msr & 1 << 25) ? "GFXPwr, " : "",
2093                         (msr & 1 << 26) ? "PkgPwrL1, " : "",
2094                         (msr & 1 << 27) ? "PkgPwrL2, " : "");
2095         }
2096         if (do_ring_perf_limit_reasons) {
2097                 get_msr(cpu, MSR_RING_PERF_LIMIT_REASONS, &msr);
2098                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_RING_PERF_LIMIT_REASONS, 0x%08llx", cpu, msr);
2099                 fprintf(stderr, " (Active: %s%s%s%s%s%s)",
2100                         (msr & 1 << 0) ? "PROCHOT, " : "",
2101                         (msr & 1 << 1) ? "ThermStatus, " : "",
2102                         (msr & 1 << 6) ? "VR-Therm, " : "",
2103                         (msr & 1 << 8) ? "Amps, " : "",
2104                         (msr & 1 << 10) ? "PkgPwrL1, " : "",
2105                         (msr & 1 << 11) ? "PkgPwrL2, " : "");
2106                 fprintf(stderr, " (Logged: %s%s%s%s%s%s)\n",
2107                         (msr & 1 << 16) ? "PROCHOT, " : "",
2108                         (msr & 1 << 17) ? "ThermStatus, " : "",
2109                         (msr & 1 << 22) ? "VR-Therm, " : "",
2110                         (msr & 1 << 24) ? "Amps, " : "",
2111                         (msr & 1 << 26) ? "PkgPwrL1, " : "",
2112                         (msr & 1 << 27) ? "PkgPwrL2, " : "");
2113         }
2114         return 0;
2115 }
2116
2117 #define RAPL_POWER_GRANULARITY  0x7FFF  /* 15 bit power granularity */
2118 #define RAPL_TIME_GRANULARITY   0x3F /* 6 bit time granularity */
2119
2120 double get_tdp(model)
2121 {
2122         unsigned long long msr;
2123
2124         if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG_POWER_INFO)
2125                 if (!get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_PKG_POWER_INFO, &msr))
2126                         return ((msr >> 0) & RAPL_POWER_GRANULARITY) * rapl_power_units;
2127
2128         switch (model) {
2129         case 0x37:
2130         case 0x4D:
2131                 return 30.0;
2132         default:
2133                 return 135.0;
2134         }
2135 }
2136
2137 /*
2138  * rapl_dram_energy_units_probe()
2139  * Energy units are either hard-coded, or come from RAPL Energy Unit MSR.
2140  */
2141 static double
2142 rapl_dram_energy_units_probe(int  model, double rapl_energy_units)
2143 {
2144         /* only called for genuine_intel, family 6 */
2145
2146         switch (model) {
2147         case 0x3F:      /* HSX */
2148         case 0x4F:      /* BDX */
2149         case 0x56:      /* BDX-DE */
2150         case 0x57:      /* KNL */
2151                 return (rapl_dram_energy_units = 15.3 / 1000000);
2152         default:
2153                 return (rapl_energy_units);
2154         }
2155 }
2156
2157
2158 /*
2159  * rapl_probe()
2160  *
2161  * sets do_rapl, rapl_power_units, rapl_energy_units, rapl_time_units
2162  */
2163 void rapl_probe(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
2164 {
2165         unsigned long long msr;
2166         unsigned int time_unit;
2167         double tdp;
2168
2169         if (!genuine_intel)
2170                 return;
2171
2172         if (family != 6)
2173                 return;
2174
2175         switch (model) {
2176         case 0x2A:
2177         case 0x3A:
2178         case 0x3C:      /* HSW */
2179         case 0x45:      /* HSW */
2180         case 0x46:      /* HSW */
2181         case 0x3D:      /* BDW */
2182         case 0x47:      /* BDW */
2183                 do_rapl = RAPL_PKG | RAPL_CORES | RAPL_CORE_POLICY | RAPL_GFX | RAPL_PKG_POWER_INFO;
2184                 break;
2185         case 0x4E:      /* SKL */
2186         case 0x5E:      /* SKL */
2187                 do_rapl = RAPL_PKG | RAPL_DRAM | RAPL_DRAM_PERF_STATUS | RAPL_PKG_PERF_STATUS | RAPL_PKG_POWER_INFO;
2188                 break;
2189         case 0x3F:      /* HSX */
2190         case 0x4F:      /* BDX */
2191         case 0x56:      /* BDX-DE */
2192         case 0x57:      /* KNL */
2193                 do_rapl = RAPL_PKG | RAPL_DRAM | RAPL_DRAM_POWER_INFO | RAPL_DRAM_PERF_STATUS | RAPL_PKG_PERF_STATUS | RAPL_PKG_POWER_INFO;
2194                 break;
2195         case 0x2D:
2196         case 0x3E:
2197                 do_rapl = RAPL_PKG | RAPL_CORES | RAPL_CORE_POLICY | RAPL_DRAM | RAPL_DRAM_POWER_INFO | RAPL_PKG_PERF_STATUS | RAPL_DRAM_PERF_STATUS | RAPL_PKG_POWER_INFO;
2198                 break;
2199         case 0x37:      /* BYT */
2200         case 0x4D:      /* AVN */
2201                 do_rapl = RAPL_PKG | RAPL_CORES ;
2202                 break;
2203         default:
2204                 return;
2205         }
2206
2207         /* units on package 0, verify later other packages match */
2208         if (get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_RAPL_POWER_UNIT, &msr))
2209                 return;
2210
2211         rapl_power_units = 1.0 / (1 << (msr & 0xF));
2212         if (model == 0x37)
2213                 rapl_energy_units = 1.0 * (1 << (msr >> 8 & 0x1F)) / 1000000;
2214         else
2215                 rapl_energy_units = 1.0 / (1 << (msr >> 8 & 0x1F));
2216
2217         rapl_dram_energy_units = rapl_dram_energy_units_probe(model, rapl_energy_units);
2218
2219         time_unit = msr >> 16 & 0xF;
2220         if (time_unit == 0)
2221                 time_unit = 0xA;
2222
2223         rapl_time_units = 1.0 / (1 << (time_unit));
2224
2225         tdp = get_tdp(model);
2226
2227         rapl_joule_counter_range = 0xFFFFFFFF * rapl_energy_units / tdp;
2228         if (debug)
2229                 fprintf(stderr, "RAPL: %.0f sec. Joule Counter Range, at %.0f Watts\n", rapl_joule_counter_range, tdp);
2230
2231         return;
2232 }
2233
2234 void perf_limit_reasons_probe(family, model)
2235 {
2236         if (!genuine_intel)
2237                 return;
2238
2239         if (family != 6)
2240                 return;
2241
2242         switch (model) {
2243         case 0x3C:      /* HSW */
2244         case 0x45:      /* HSW */
2245         case 0x46:      /* HSW */
2246                 do_gfx_perf_limit_reasons = 1;
2247         case 0x3F:      /* HSX */
2248                 do_core_perf_limit_reasons = 1;
2249                 do_ring_perf_limit_reasons = 1;
2250         default:
2251                 return;
2252         }
2253 }
2254
2255 int print_thermal(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c, struct pkg_data *p)
2256 {
2257         unsigned long long msr;
2258         unsigned int dts;
2259         int cpu;
2260
2261         if (!(do_dts || do_ptm))
2262                 return 0;
2263
2264         cpu = t->cpu_id;
2265
2266         /* DTS is per-core, no need to print for each thread */
2267         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE)) 
2268                 return 0;
2269
2270         if (cpu_migrate(cpu)) {
2271                 fprintf(stderr, "Could not migrate to CPU %d\n", cpu);
2272                 return -1;
2273         }
2274
2275         if (do_ptm && (t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE)) {
2276                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_IA32_PACKAGE_THERM_STATUS, &msr))
2277                         return 0;
2278
2279                 dts = (msr >> 16) & 0x7F;
2280                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_IA32_PACKAGE_THERM_STATUS: 0x%08llx (%d C)\n",
2281                         cpu, msr, tcc_activation_temp - dts);
2282
2283 #ifdef  THERM_DEBUG
2284                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_IA32_PACKAGE_THERM_INTERRUPT, &msr))
2285                         return 0;
2286
2287                 dts = (msr >> 16) & 0x7F;
2288                 dts2 = (msr >> 8) & 0x7F;
2289                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_IA32_PACKAGE_THERM_INTERRUPT: 0x%08llx (%d C, %d C)\n",
2290                         cpu, msr, tcc_activation_temp - dts, tcc_activation_temp - dts2);
2291 #endif
2292         }
2293
2294
2295         if (do_dts) {
2296                 unsigned int resolution;
2297
2298                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_IA32_THERM_STATUS, &msr))
2299                         return 0;
2300
2301                 dts = (msr >> 16) & 0x7F;
2302                 resolution = (msr >> 27) & 0xF;
2303                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_IA32_THERM_STATUS: 0x%08llx (%d C +/- %d)\n",
2304                         cpu, msr, tcc_activation_temp - dts, resolution);
2305
2306 #ifdef THERM_DEBUG
2307                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_IA32_THERM_INTERRUPT, &msr))
2308                         return 0;
2309
2310                 dts = (msr >> 16) & 0x7F;
2311                 dts2 = (msr >> 8) & 0x7F;
2312                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_IA32_THERM_INTERRUPT: 0x%08llx (%d C, %d C)\n",
2313                         cpu, msr, tcc_activation_temp - dts, tcc_activation_temp - dts2);
2314 #endif
2315         }
2316
2317         return 0;
2318 }
2319         
2320 void print_power_limit_msr(int cpu, unsigned long long msr, char *label)
2321 {
2322         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: %s: %sabled (%f Watts, %f sec, clamp %sabled)\n",
2323                 cpu, label,
2324                 ((msr >> 15) & 1) ? "EN" : "DIS",
2325                 ((msr >> 0) & 0x7FFF) * rapl_power_units,
2326                 (1.0 + (((msr >> 22) & 0x3)/4.0)) * (1 << ((msr >> 17) & 0x1F)) * rapl_time_units,
2327                 (((msr >> 16) & 1) ? "EN" : "DIS"));
2328
2329         return;
2330 }
2331
2332 int print_rapl(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c, struct pkg_data *p)
2333 {
2334         unsigned long long msr;
2335         int cpu;
2336
2337         if (!do_rapl)
2338                 return 0;
2339
2340         /* RAPL counters are per package, so print only for 1st thread/package */
2341         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE) || !(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE))
2342                 return 0;
2343
2344         cpu = t->cpu_id;
2345         if (cpu_migrate(cpu)) {
2346                 fprintf(stderr, "Could not migrate to CPU %d\n", cpu);
2347                 return -1;
2348         }
2349
2350         if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_RAPL_POWER_UNIT, &msr))
2351                 return -1;
2352
2353         if (debug) {
2354                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_RAPL_POWER_UNIT: 0x%08llx "
2355                         "(%f Watts, %f Joules, %f sec.)\n", cpu, msr,
2356                         rapl_power_units, rapl_energy_units, rapl_time_units);
2357         }
2358         if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG_POWER_INFO) {
2359
2360                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_POWER_INFO, &msr))
2361                         return -5;
2362
2363
2364                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_PKG_POWER_INFO: 0x%08llx (%.0f W TDP, RAPL %.0f - %.0f W, %f sec.)\n",
2365                         cpu, msr,
2366                         ((msr >>  0) & RAPL_POWER_GRANULARITY) * rapl_power_units,
2367                         ((msr >> 16) & RAPL_POWER_GRANULARITY) * rapl_power_units,
2368                         ((msr >> 32) & RAPL_POWER_GRANULARITY) * rapl_power_units,
2369                         ((msr >> 48) & RAPL_TIME_GRANULARITY) * rapl_time_units);
2370
2371         }
2372         if (do_rapl & RAPL_PKG) {
2373
2374                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PKG_POWER_LIMIT, &msr))
2375                         return -9;
2376
2377                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_PKG_POWER_LIMIT: 0x%08llx (%slocked)\n",
2378                         cpu, msr, (msr >> 63) & 1 ? "": "UN");
2379
2380                 print_power_limit_msr(cpu, msr, "PKG Limit #1");
2381                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: PKG Limit #2: %sabled (%f Watts, %f* sec, clamp %sabled)\n",
2382                         cpu,
2383                         ((msr >> 47) & 1) ? "EN" : "DIS",
2384                         ((msr >> 32) & 0x7FFF) * rapl_power_units,
2385                         (1.0 + (((msr >> 54) & 0x3)/4.0)) * (1 << ((msr >> 49) & 0x1F)) * rapl_time_units,
2386                         ((msr >> 48) & 1) ? "EN" : "DIS");
2387         }
2388
2389         if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM_POWER_INFO) {
2390                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_DRAM_POWER_INFO, &msr))
2391                         return -6;
2392
2393                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_DRAM_POWER_INFO,: 0x%08llx (%.0f W TDP, RAPL %.0f - %.0f W, %f sec.)\n",
2394                         cpu, msr,
2395                         ((msr >>  0) & RAPL_POWER_GRANULARITY) * rapl_power_units,
2396                         ((msr >> 16) & RAPL_POWER_GRANULARITY) * rapl_power_units,
2397                         ((msr >> 32) & RAPL_POWER_GRANULARITY) * rapl_power_units,
2398                         ((msr >> 48) & RAPL_TIME_GRANULARITY) * rapl_time_units);
2399         }
2400         if (do_rapl & RAPL_DRAM) {
2401                 if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_DRAM_POWER_LIMIT, &msr))
2402                         return -9;
2403                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_DRAM_POWER_LIMIT: 0x%08llx (%slocked)\n",
2404                                 cpu, msr, (msr >> 31) & 1 ? "": "UN");
2405
2406                 print_power_limit_msr(cpu, msr, "DRAM Limit");
2407         }
2408         if (do_rapl & RAPL_CORE_POLICY) {
2409                 if (debug) {
2410                         if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PP0_POLICY, &msr))
2411                                 return -7;
2412
2413                         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_PP0_POLICY: %lld\n", cpu, msr & 0xF);
2414                 }
2415         }
2416         if (do_rapl & RAPL_CORES) {
2417                 if (debug) {
2418
2419                         if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PP0_POWER_LIMIT, &msr))
2420                                 return -9;
2421                         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_PP0_POWER_LIMIT: 0x%08llx (%slocked)\n",
2422                                         cpu, msr, (msr >> 31) & 1 ? "": "UN");
2423                         print_power_limit_msr(cpu, msr, "Cores Limit");
2424                 }
2425         }
2426         if (do_rapl & RAPL_GFX) {
2427                 if (debug) {
2428                         if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PP1_POLICY, &msr))
2429                                 return -8;
2430
2431                         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_PP1_POLICY: %lld\n", cpu, msr & 0xF);
2432
2433                         if (get_msr(cpu, MSR_PP1_POWER_LIMIT, &msr))
2434                                 return -9;
2435                         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_PP1_POWER_LIMIT: 0x%08llx (%slocked)\n",
2436                                         cpu, msr, (msr >> 31) & 1 ? "": "UN");
2437                         print_power_limit_msr(cpu, msr, "GFX Limit");
2438                 }
2439         }
2440         return 0;
2441 }
2442
2443 /*
2444  * SNB adds support for additional MSRs:
2445  *
2446  * MSR_PKG_C7_RESIDENCY            0x000003fa
2447  * MSR_CORE_C7_RESIDENCY           0x000003fe
2448  * MSR_PKG_C2_RESIDENCY            0x0000060d
2449  */
2450
2451 int has_snb_msrs(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
2452 {
2453         if (!genuine_intel)
2454                 return 0;
2455
2456         switch (model) {
2457         case 0x2A:
2458         case 0x2D:
2459         case 0x3A:      /* IVB */
2460         case 0x3E:      /* IVB Xeon */
2461         case 0x3C:      /* HSW */
2462         case 0x3F:      /* HSW */
2463         case 0x45:      /* HSW */
2464         case 0x46:      /* HSW */
2465         case 0x3D:      /* BDW */
2466         case 0x47:      /* BDW */
2467         case 0x4F:      /* BDX */
2468         case 0x56:      /* BDX-DE */
2469         case 0x4E:      /* SKL */
2470         case 0x5E:      /* SKL */
2471                 return 1;
2472         }
2473         return 0;
2474 }
2475
2476 /*
2477  * HSW adds support for additional MSRs:
2478  *
2479  * MSR_PKG_C8_RESIDENCY            0x00000630
2480  * MSR_PKG_C9_RESIDENCY            0x00000631
2481  * MSR_PKG_C10_RESIDENCY           0x00000632
2482  */
2483 int has_hsw_msrs(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
2484 {
2485         if (!genuine_intel)
2486                 return 0;
2487
2488         switch (model) {
2489         case 0x45:      /* HSW */
2490         case 0x3D:      /* BDW */
2491         case 0x4E:      /* SKL */
2492         case 0x5E:      /* SKL */
2493                 return 1;
2494         }
2495         return 0;
2496 }
2497
2498 /*
2499  * SKL adds support for additional MSRS:
2500  *
2501  * MSR_PKG_WEIGHTED_CORE_C0_RES    0x00000658
2502  * MSR_PKG_ANY_CORE_C0_RES         0x00000659
2503  * MSR_PKG_ANY_GFXE_C0_RES         0x0000065A
2504  * MSR_PKG_BOTH_CORE_GFXE_C0_RES   0x0000065B
2505  */
2506 int has_skl_msrs(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
2507 {
2508         if (!genuine_intel)
2509                 return 0;
2510
2511         switch (model) {
2512         case 0x4E:      /* SKL */
2513         case 0x5E:      /* SKL */
2514                 return 1;
2515         }
2516         return 0;
2517 }
2518
2519
2520
2521 int is_slm(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
2522 {
2523         if (!genuine_intel)
2524                 return 0;
2525         switch (model) {
2526         case 0x37:      /* BYT */
2527         case 0x4D:      /* AVN */
2528                 return 1;
2529         }
2530         return 0;
2531 }
2532
2533 int is_knl(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
2534 {
2535         if (!genuine_intel)
2536                 return 0;
2537         switch (model) {
2538         case 0x57:      /* KNL */
2539                 return 1;
2540         }
2541         return 0;
2542 }
2543
2544 #define SLM_BCLK_FREQS 5
2545 double slm_freq_table[SLM_BCLK_FREQS] = { 83.3, 100.0, 133.3, 116.7, 80.0};
2546
2547 double slm_bclk(void)
2548 {
2549         unsigned long long msr = 3;
2550         unsigned int i;
2551         double freq;
2552
2553         if (get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_FSB_FREQ, &msr))
2554                 fprintf(stderr, "SLM BCLK: unknown\n");
2555
2556         i = msr & 0xf;
2557         if (i >= SLM_BCLK_FREQS) {
2558                 fprintf(stderr, "SLM BCLK[%d] invalid\n", i);
2559                 msr = 3;
2560         }
2561         freq = slm_freq_table[i];
2562
2563         fprintf(stderr, "SLM BCLK: %.1f Mhz\n", freq);
2564
2565         return freq;
2566 }
2567
2568 double discover_bclk(unsigned int family, unsigned int model)
2569 {
2570         if (has_snb_msrs(family, model))
2571                 return 100.00;
2572         else if (is_slm(family, model))
2573                 return slm_bclk();
2574         else
2575                 return 133.33;
2576 }
2577
2578 /*
2579  * MSR_IA32_TEMPERATURE_TARGET indicates the temperature where
2580  * the Thermal Control Circuit (TCC) activates.
2581  * This is usually equal to tjMax.
2582  *
2583  * Older processors do not have this MSR, so there we guess,
2584  * but also allow cmdline over-ride with -T.
2585  *
2586  * Several MSR temperature values are in units of degrees-C
2587  * below this value, including the Digital Thermal Sensor (DTS),
2588  * Package Thermal Management Sensor (PTM), and thermal event thresholds.
2589  */
2590 int set_temperature_target(struct thread_data *t, struct core_data *c, struct pkg_data *p)
2591 {
2592         unsigned long long msr;
2593         unsigned int target_c_local;
2594         int cpu;
2595
2596         /* tcc_activation_temp is used only for dts or ptm */
2597         if (!(do_dts || do_ptm))
2598                 return 0;
2599
2600         /* this is a per-package concept */
2601         if (!(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE) || !(t->flags & CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE))
2602                 return 0;
2603
2604         cpu = t->cpu_id;
2605         if (cpu_migrate(cpu)) {
2606                 fprintf(stderr, "Could not migrate to CPU %d\n", cpu);
2607                 return -1;
2608         }
2609
2610         if (tcc_activation_temp_override != 0) {
2611                 tcc_activation_temp = tcc_activation_temp_override;
2612                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: Using cmdline TCC Target (%d C)\n",
2613                         cpu, tcc_activation_temp);
2614                 return 0;
2615         }
2616
2617         /* Temperature Target MSR is Nehalem and newer only */
2618         if (!do_nhm_platform_info)
2619                 goto guess;
2620
2621         if (get_msr(base_cpu, MSR_IA32_TEMPERATURE_TARGET, &msr))
2622                 goto guess;
2623
2624         target_c_local = (msr >> 16) & 0xFF;
2625
2626         if (debug)
2627                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: MSR_IA32_TEMPERATURE_TARGET: 0x%08llx (%d C)\n",
2628                         cpu, msr, target_c_local);
2629
2630         if (!target_c_local)
2631                 goto guess;
2632
2633         tcc_activation_temp = target_c_local;
2634
2635         return 0;
2636
2637 guess:
2638         tcc_activation_temp = TJMAX_DEFAULT;
2639         fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d: Guessing tjMax %d C, Please use -T to specify\n",
2640                 cpu, tcc_activation_temp);
2641
2642         return 0;
2643 }
2644 void process_cpuid()
2645 {
2646         unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx, max_level;
2647         unsigned int fms, family, model, stepping;
2648
2649         eax = ebx = ecx = edx = 0;
2650
2651         __get_cpuid(0, &max_level, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
2652
2653         if (ebx == 0x756e6547 && edx == 0x49656e69 && ecx == 0x6c65746e)
2654                 genuine_intel = 1;
2655
2656         if (debug)
2657                 fprintf(stderr, "CPUID(0): %.4s%.4s%.4s ",
2658                         (char *)&ebx, (char *)&edx, (char *)&ecx);
2659
2660         __get_cpuid(1, &fms, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
2661         family = (fms >> 8) & 0xf;
2662         model = (fms >> 4) & 0xf;
2663         stepping = fms & 0xf;
2664         if (family == 6 || family == 0xf)
2665                 model += ((fms >> 16) & 0xf) << 4;
2666
2667         if (debug)
2668                 fprintf(stderr, "%d CPUID levels; family:model:stepping 0x%x:%x:%x (%d:%d:%d)\n",
2669                         max_level, family, model, stepping, family, model, stepping);
2670
2671         if (!(edx & (1 << 5)))
2672                 errx(1, "CPUID: no MSR");
2673
2674         /*
2675          * check max extended function levels of CPUID.
2676          * This is needed to check for invariant TSC.
2677          * This check is valid for both Intel and AMD.
2678          */
2679         ebx = ecx = edx = 0;
2680         __get_cpuid(0x80000000, &max_level, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
2681
2682         if (max_level >= 0x80000007) {
2683
2684                 /*
2685                  * Non-Stop TSC is advertised by CPUID.EAX=0x80000007: EDX.bit8
2686                  * this check is valid for both Intel and AMD
2687                  */
2688                 __get_cpuid(0x80000007, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
2689                 has_invariant_tsc = edx & (1 << 8);
2690         }
2691
2692         /*
2693          * APERF/MPERF is advertised by CPUID.EAX=0x6: ECX.bit0
2694          * this check is valid for both Intel and AMD
2695          */
2696
2697         __get_cpuid(0x6, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
2698         has_aperf = ecx & (1 << 0);
2699         do_dts = eax & (1 << 0);
2700         do_ptm = eax & (1 << 6);
2701         has_epb = ecx & (1 << 3);
2702
2703         if (debug)
2704                 fprintf(stderr, "CPUID(6): %sAPERF, %sDTS, %sPTM, %sEPB\n",
2705                         has_aperf ? "" : "No ",
2706                         do_dts ? "" : "No ",
2707                         do_ptm ? "" : "No ",
2708                         has_epb ? "" : "No ");
2709
2710         if (max_level > 0x15) {
2711                 unsigned int eax_crystal;
2712                 unsigned int ebx_tsc;
2713
2714                 /*
2715                  * CPUID 15H TSC/Crystal ratio, possibly Crystal Hz
2716                  */
2717                 eax_crystal = ebx_tsc = crystal_hz = edx = 0;
2718                 __get_cpuid(0x15, &eax_crystal, &ebx_tsc, &crystal_hz, &edx);
2719
2720                 if (ebx_tsc != 0) {
2721
2722                         if (debug && (ebx != 0))
2723                                 fprintf(stderr, "CPUID(0x15): eax_crystal: %d ebx_tsc: %d ecx_crystal_hz: %d\n",
2724                                         eax_crystal, ebx_tsc, crystal_hz);
2725
2726                         if (crystal_hz == 0)
2727                                 switch(model) {
2728                                 case 0x4E:      /* SKL */
2729                                 case 0x5E:      /* SKL */
2730                                         crystal_hz = 24000000;  /* 24 MHz */
2731                                         break;
2732                                 default:
2733                                         crystal_hz = 0;
2734                         }
2735
2736                         if (crystal_hz) {
2737                                 tsc_hz =  (unsigned long long) crystal_hz * ebx_tsc / eax_crystal;
2738                                 if (debug)
2739                                         fprintf(stderr, "TSC: %lld MHz (%d Hz * %d / %d / 1000000)\n",
2740                                                 tsc_hz / 1000000, crystal_hz, ebx_tsc,  eax_crystal);
2741                         }
2742                 }
2743         }
2744
2745         do_nhm_platform_info = do_nhm_cstates = do_smi = probe_nhm_msrs(family, model);
2746         do_snb_cstates = has_snb_msrs(family, model);
2747         do_pc2 = do_snb_cstates && (pkg_cstate_limit >= PCL__2);
2748         do_pc3 = (pkg_cstate_limit >= PCL__3);
2749         do_pc6 = (pkg_cstate_limit >= PCL__6);
2750         do_pc7 = do_snb_cstates && (pkg_cstate_limit >= PCL__7);
2751         do_c8_c9_c10 = has_hsw_msrs(family, model);
2752         do_skl_residency = has_skl_msrs(family, model);
2753         do_slm_cstates = is_slm(family, model);
2754         do_knl_cstates  = is_knl(family, model);
2755         bclk = discover_bclk(family, model);
2756
2757         rapl_probe(family, model);
2758         perf_limit_reasons_probe(family, model);
2759
2760         if (debug)
2761                 dump_cstate_pstate_config_info();
2762
2763         return;
2764 }
2765
2766 void help()
2767 {
2768         fprintf(stderr,
2769         "Usage: turbostat [OPTIONS][(--interval seconds) | COMMAND ...]\n"
2770         "\n"
2771         "Turbostat forks the specified COMMAND and prints statistics\n"
2772         "when COMMAND completes.\n"
2773         "If no COMMAND is specified, turbostat wakes every 5-seconds\n"
2774         "to print statistics, until interrupted.\n"
2775         "--debug        run in \"debug\" mode\n"
2776         "--interval sec Override default 5-second measurement interval\n"
2777         "--help         print this help message\n"
2778         "--counter msr  print 32-bit counter at address \"msr\"\n"
2779         "--Counter msr  print 64-bit Counter at address \"msr\"\n"
2780         "--msr msr      print 32-bit value at address \"msr\"\n"
2781         "--MSR msr      print 64-bit Value at address \"msr\"\n"
2782         "--version      print version information\n"
2783         "\n"
2784         "For more help, run \"man turbostat\"\n");
2785 }
2786
2787
2788 /*
2789  * in /dev/cpu/ return success for names that are numbers
2790  * ie. filter out ".", "..", "microcode".
2791  */
2792 int dir_filter(const struct dirent *dirp)
2793 {
2794         if (isdigit(dirp->d_name[0]))
2795                 return 1;
2796         else
2797                 return 0;
2798 }
2799
2800 int open_dev_cpu_msr(int dummy1)
2801 {
2802         return 0;
2803 }
2804
2805 void topology_probe()
2806 {
2807         int i;
2808         int max_core_id = 0;
2809         int max_package_id = 0;
2810         int max_siblings = 0;
2811         struct cpu_topology {
2812                 int core_id;
2813                 int physical_package_id;
2814         } *cpus;
2815
2816         /* Initialize num_cpus, max_cpu_num */
2817         topo.num_cpus = 0;
2818         topo.max_cpu_num = 0;
2819         for_all_proc_cpus(count_cpus);
2820         if (!summary_only && topo.num_cpus > 1)
2821                 show_cpu = 1;
2822
2823         if (debug > 1)
2824                 fprintf(stderr, "num_cpus %d max_cpu_num %d\n", topo.num_cpus, topo.max_cpu_num);
2825
2826         cpus = calloc(1, (topo.max_cpu_num  + 1) * sizeof(struct cpu_topology));
2827         if (cpus == NULL)
2828                 err(1, "calloc cpus");
2829
2830         /*
2831          * Allocate and initialize cpu_present_set
2832          */
2833         cpu_present_set = CPU_ALLOC((topo.max_cpu_num + 1));
2834         if (cpu_present_set == NULL)
2835                 err(3, "CPU_ALLOC");
2836         cpu_present_setsize = CPU_ALLOC_SIZE((topo.max_cpu_num + 1));
2837         CPU_ZERO_S(cpu_present_setsize, cpu_present_set);
2838         for_all_proc_cpus(mark_cpu_present);
2839
2840         /*
2841          * Allocate and initialize cpu_affinity_set
2842          */
2843         cpu_affinity_set = CPU_ALLOC((topo.max_cpu_num + 1));
2844         if (cpu_affinity_set == NULL)
2845                 err(3, "CPU_ALLOC");
2846         cpu_affinity_setsize = CPU_ALLOC_SIZE((topo.max_cpu_num + 1));
2847         CPU_ZERO_S(cpu_affinity_setsize, cpu_affinity_set);
2848
2849
2850         /*
2851          * For online cpus
2852          * find max_core_id, max_package_id
2853          */
2854         for (i = 0; i <= topo.max_cpu_num; ++i) {
2855                 int siblings;
2856
2857                 if (cpu_is_not_present(i)) {
2858                         if (debug > 1)
2859                                 fprintf(stderr, "cpu%d NOT PRESENT\n", i);
2860                         continue;
2861                 }
2862                 cpus[i].core_id = get_core_id(i);
2863                 if (cpus[i].core_id > max_core_id)
2864                         max_core_id = cpus[i].core_id;
2865
2866                 cpus[i].physical_package_id = get_physical_package_id(i);
2867                 if (cpus[i].physical_package_id > max_package_id)
2868                         max_package_id = cpus[i].physical_package_id;
2869
2870                 siblings = get_num_ht_siblings(i);
2871                 if (siblings > max_siblings)
2872                         max_siblings = siblings;
2873                 if (debug > 1)
2874                         fprintf(stderr, "cpu %d pkg %d core %d\n",
2875                                 i, cpus[i].physical_package_id, cpus[i].core_id);
2876         }
2877         topo.num_cores_per_pkg = max_core_id + 1;
2878         if (debug > 1)
2879                 fprintf(stderr, "max_core_id %d, sizing for %d cores per package\n",
2880                         max_core_id, topo.num_cores_per_pkg);
2881         if (debug && !summary_only && topo.num_cores_per_pkg > 1)
2882                 show_core = 1;
2883
2884         topo.num_packages = max_package_id + 1;
2885         if (debug > 1)
2886                 fprintf(stderr, "max_package_id %d, sizing for %d packages\n",
2887                         max_package_id, topo.num_packages);
2888         if (debug && !summary_only && topo.num_packages > 1)
2889                 show_pkg = 1;
2890
2891         topo.num_threads_per_core = max_siblings;
2892         if (debug > 1)
2893                 fprintf(stderr, "max_siblings %d\n", max_siblings);
2894
2895         free(cpus);
2896 }
2897
2898 void
2899 allocate_counters(struct thread_data **t, struct core_data **c, struct pkg_data **p)
2900 {
2901         int i;
2902
2903         *t = calloc(topo.num_threads_per_core * topo.num_cores_per_pkg *
2904                 topo.num_packages, sizeof(struct thread_data));
2905         if (*t == NULL)
2906                 goto error;
2907
2908         for (i = 0; i < topo.num_threads_per_core *
2909                 topo.num_cores_per_pkg * topo.num_packages; i++)
2910                 (*t)[i].cpu_id = -1;
2911
2912         *c = calloc(topo.num_cores_per_pkg * topo.num_packages,
2913                 sizeof(struct core_data));
2914         if (*c == NULL)
2915                 goto error;
2916
2917         for (i = 0; i < topo.num_cores_per_pkg * topo.num_packages; i++)
2918                 (*c)[i].core_id = -1;
2919
2920         *p = calloc(topo.num_packages, sizeof(struct pkg_data));
2921         if (*p == NULL)
2922                 goto error;
2923
2924         for (i = 0; i < topo.num_packages; i++)
2925                 (*p)[i].package_id = i;
2926
2927         return;
2928 error:
2929         err(1, "calloc counters");
2930 }
2931 /*
2932  * init_counter()
2933  *
2934  * set cpu_id, core_num, pkg_num
2935  * set FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE and FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE
2936  *
2937  * increment topo.num_cores when 1st core in pkg seen
2938  */
2939 void init_counter(struct thread_data *thread_base, struct core_data *core_base,
2940         struct pkg_data *pkg_base, int thread_num, int core_num,
2941         int pkg_num, int cpu_id)
2942 {
2943         struct thread_data *t;
2944         struct core_data *c;
2945         struct pkg_data *p;
2946
2947         t = GET_THREAD(thread_base, thread_num, core_num, pkg_num);
2948         c = GET_CORE(core_base, core_num, pkg_num);
2949         p = GET_PKG(pkg_base, pkg_num);
2950
2951         t->cpu_id = cpu_id;
2952         if (thread_num == 0) {
2953                 t->flags |= CPU_IS_FIRST_THREAD_IN_CORE;
2954                 if (cpu_is_first_core_in_package(cpu_id))
2955                         t->flags |= CPU_IS_FIRST_CORE_IN_PACKAGE;
2956         }
2957
2958         c->core_id = core_num;
2959         p->package_id = pkg_num;
2960 }
2961
2962
2963 int initialize_counters(int cpu_id)
2964 {
2965         int my_thread_id, my_core_id, my_package_id;
2966
2967         my_package_id = get_physical_package_id(cpu_id);
2968         my_core_id = get_core_id(cpu_id);
2969         my_thread_id = get_cpu_position_in_core(cpu_id);
2970         if (!my_thread_id)
2971                 topo.num_cores++;
2972
2973         init_counter(EVEN_COUNTERS, my_thread_id, my_core_id, my_package_id, cpu_id);
2974         init_counter(ODD_COUNTERS, my_thread_id, my_core_id, my_package_id, cpu_id);
2975         return 0;
2976 }
2977
2978 void allocate_output_buffer()
2979 {
2980         output_buffer = calloc(1, (1 + topo.num_cpus) * 1024);
2981         outp = output_buffer;
2982         if (outp == NULL)
2983                 err(-1, "calloc output buffer");
2984 }
2985
2986 void setup_all_buffers(void)
2987 {
2988         topology_probe();
2989         allocate_counters(&thread_even, &core_even, &package_even);
2990         allocate_counters(&thread_odd, &core_odd, &package_odd);
2991         allocate_output_buffer();
2992         for_all_proc_cpus(initialize_counters);
2993 }
2994
2995 void set_base_cpu(void)
2996 {
2997         base_cpu = sched_getcpu();
2998         if (base_cpu < 0)
2999                 err(-ENODEV, "No valid cpus found");
3000
3001         if (debug > 1)
3002                 fprintf(stderr, "base_cpu = %d\n", base_cpu);
3003 }
3004
3005 void turbostat_init()
3006 {
3007         setup_all_buffers();
3008         set_base_cpu();
3009         check_dev_msr();
3010         check_permissions();
3011         process_cpuid();
3012
3013
3014         if (debug)
3015                 for_all_cpus(print_epb, ODD_COUNTERS);
3016
3017         if (debug)
3018                 for_all_cpus(print_perf_limit, ODD_COUNTERS);
3019
3020         if (debug)
3021                 for_all_cpus(print_rapl, ODD_COUNTERS);
3022
3023         for_all_cpus(set_temperature_target, ODD_COUNTERS);
3024
3025         if (debug)
3026                 for_all_cpus(print_thermal, ODD_COUNTERS);
3027 }
3028
3029 int fork_it(char **argv)
3030 {
3031         pid_t child_pid;
3032         int status;
3033
3034         status = for_all_cpus(get_counters, EVEN_COUNTERS);
3035         if (status)
3036                 exit(status);
3037         /* clear affinity side-effect of get_counters() */
3038         sched_setaffinity(0, cpu_present_setsize, cpu_present_set);
3039         gettimeofday(&tv_even, (struct timezone *)NULL);
3040
3041         child_pid = fork();
3042         if (!child_pid) {
3043                 /* child */
3044                 execvp(argv[0], argv);
3045         } else {
3046
3047                 /* parent */
3048                 if (child_pid == -1)
3049                         err(1, "fork");
3050
3051                 signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN);
3052                 signal(SIGQUIT, SIG_IGN);
3053                 if (waitpid(child_pid, &status, 0) == -1)
3054                         err(status, "waitpid");
3055         }
3056         /*
3057          * n.b. fork_it() does not check for errors from for_all_cpus()
3058          * because re-starting is problematic when forking
3059          */
3060         for_all_cpus(get_counters, ODD_COUNTERS);
3061         gettimeofday(&tv_odd, (struct timezone *)NULL);
3062         timersub(&tv_odd, &tv_even, &tv_delta);
3063         for_all_cpus_2(delta_cpu, ODD_COUNTERS, EVEN_COUNTERS);
3064         compute_average(EVEN_COUNTERS);
3065         format_all_counters(EVEN_COUNTERS);
3066         flush_stderr();
3067
3068         fprintf(stderr, "%.6f sec\n", tv_delta.tv_sec + tv_delta.tv_usec/1000000.0);
3069
3070         return status;
3071 }
3072
3073 int get_and_dump_counters(void)
3074 {
3075         int status;
3076
3077         status = for_all_cpus(get_counters, ODD_COUNTERS);
3078         if (status)
3079                 return status;
3080
3081         status = for_all_cpus(dump_counters, ODD_COUNTERS);
3082         if (status)
3083                 return status;
3084
3085         flush_stdout();
3086
3087         return status;
3088 }
3089
3090 void print_version() {
3091         fprintf(stderr, "turbostat version 4.7 17-June, 2015"
3092                 " - Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>\n");
3093 }
3094
3095 void cmdline(int argc, char **argv)
3096 {
3097         int opt;
3098         int option_index = 0;
3099         static struct option long_options[] = {
3100                 {"Counter",     required_argument,      0, 'C'},
3101                 {"counter",     required_argument,      0, 'c'},
3102                 {"Dump",        no_argument,            0, 'D'},
3103                 {"debug",       no_argument,            0, 'd'},
3104                 {"interval",    required_argument,      0, 'i'},
3105                 {"help",        no_argument,            0, 'h'},
3106                 {"Joules",      no_argument,            0, 'J'},
3107                 {"MSR",         required_argument,      0, 'M'},
3108                 {"msr",         required_argument,      0, 'm'},
3109                 {"Package",     no_argument,            0, 'p'},
3110                 {"processor",   no_argument,            0, 'p'},
3111                 {"Summary",     no_argument,            0, 'S'},
3112                 {"TCC",         required_argument,      0, 'T'},
3113                 {"version",     no_argument,            0, 'v' },
3114                 {0,             0,                      0,  0 }
3115         };
3116
3117         progname = argv[0];
3118
3119         while ((opt = getopt_long_only(argc, argv, "+C:c:Ddhi:JM:m:PpST:v",
3120                                 long_options, &option_index)) != -1) {
3121                 switch (opt) {
3122                 case 'C':
3123                         sscanf(optarg, "%x", &extra_delta_offset64);
3124                         break;
3125                 case 'c':
3126                         sscanf(optarg, "%x", &extra_delta_offset32);
3127                         break;
3128                 case 'D':
3129                         dump_only++;
3130                         break;
3131                 case 'd':
3132                         debug++;
3133                         break;
3134                 case 'h':
3135                 default:
3136                         help();
3137                         exit(1);
3138                 case 'i':
3139                         interval_sec = atoi(optarg);
3140                         break;
3141                 case 'J':
3142                         rapl_joules++;
3143                         break;
3144                 case 'M':
3145                         sscanf(optarg, "%x", &extra_msr_offset64);
3146                         break;
3147                 case 'm':
3148                         sscanf(optarg, "%x", &extra_msr_offset32);
3149                         break;
3150                 case 'P':
3151                         show_pkg_only++;
3152                         break;
3153                 case 'p':
3154                         show_core_only++;
3155                         break;
3156                 case 'S':
3157                         summary_only++;
3158                         break;
3159                 case 'T':
3160                         tcc_activation_temp_override = atoi(optarg);
3161                         break;
3162                 case 'v':
3163                         print_version();
3164                         exit(0);
3165                         break;
3166                 }
3167         }
3168 }
3169
3170 int main(int argc, char **argv)
3171 {
3172         cmdline(argc, argv);
3173
3174         if (debug)
3175                 print_version();
3176
3177         turbostat_init();
3178
3179         /* dump counters and exit */
3180         if (dump_only)
3181                 return get_and_dump_counters();
3182
3183         /*
3184          * if any params left, it must be a command to fork
3185          */
3186         if (argc - optind)
3187                 return fork_it(argv + optind);
3188         else
3189                 turbostat_loop();
3190
3191         return 0;
3192 }