kbuild: compile-test exported headers to ensure they are self-contained
authorMasahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Mon, 1 Jul 2019 00:58:40 +0000 (09:58 +0900)
committerMasahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Mon, 8 Jul 2019 14:13:57 +0000 (23:13 +0900)
Multiple people have suggested compile-testing UAPI headers to ensure
they can be really included from user-space. "make headers_check" is
obviously not enough to catch bugs, and we often leak unresolved
references to user-space.

Use the new header-test-y syntax to implement it. Please note exported
headers are compile-tested with a completely different set of compiler
flags. The header search path is set to $(objtree)/usr/include since
exported headers should not include unexported ones.

We use -std=gnu89 for the kernel space since the kernel code highly
depends on GNU extensions. On the other hand, UAPI headers should be
written in more standardized C, so they are compiled with -std=c90.
This will emit errors if C++ style comments, the keyword 'inline', etc.
are used. Please use C style comments (/* ... */), '__inline__', etc.
in UAPI headers.

There is additional compiler requirement to enable this test because
many of UAPI headers include <stdlib.h>, <sys/ioctl.h>, <sys/time.h>,
etc. directly or indirectly. You cannot use kernel.org pre-built
toolchains [1] since they lack <stdlib.h>.

I reused CONFIG_CC_CAN_LINK to check the system header availability.
The intention is slightly different, but a compiler that can link
userspace programs provide system headers.

For now, a lot of headers need to be excluded because they cannot
be compiled standalone, but this is a good start point.

[1] https://mirrors.edge.kernel.org/pub/tools/crosstool/index.html

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Reviewed-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Makefile
init/Kconfig
usr/.gitignore
usr/Makefile
usr/include/.gitignore [new file with mode: 0644]
usr/include/Makefile [new file with mode: 0644]

index eb85019..fca827b 100644 (file)
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -1378,7 +1378,7 @@ CLEAN_DIRS  += $(MODVERDIR) include/ksym
 CLEAN_FILES += modules.builtin.modinfo
 
 # Directories & files removed with 'make mrproper'
-MRPROPER_DIRS  += include/config usr/include include/generated          \
+MRPROPER_DIRS  += include/config include/generated          \
                  arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated .tmp_objdiff
 MRPROPER_FILES += .config .config.old .version \
                  Module.symvers tags TAGS cscope* GPATH GTAGS GRTAGS GSYMS \
index 2e9813d..74192de 100644 (file)
@@ -108,6 +108,16 @@ config HEADER_TEST
          If you are a developer or tester and want to ensure the requested
          headers are self-contained, say Y here. Otherwise, choose N.
 
+config UAPI_HEADER_TEST
+       bool "Compile test UAPI headers"
+       depends on HEADER_TEST && HEADERS_INSTALL && CC_CAN_LINK
+       help
+         Compile test headers exported to user-space to ensure they are
+         self-contained, i.e. compilable as standalone units.
+
+         If you are a developer or tester and want to ensure the exported
+         headers are self-contained, say Y here. Otherwise, choose N.
+
 config LOCALVERSION
        string "Local version - append to kernel release"
        help
index 8e48117..be5eae1 100644 (file)
@@ -7,4 +7,3 @@ initramfs_data.cpio.gz
 initramfs_data.cpio.bz2
 initramfs_data.cpio.lzma
 initramfs_list
-include
index 4a70ae4..6a89eb0 100644 (file)
@@ -56,3 +56,5 @@ $(deps_initramfs): klibcdirs
 $(obj)/$(datafile_y): $(obj)/gen_init_cpio $(deps_initramfs) klibcdirs
        $(Q)$(initramfs) -l $(ramfs-input) > $(obj)/$(datafile_d_y)
        $(call if_changed,initfs)
+
+subdir-$(CONFIG_UAPI_HEADER_TEST) += include
diff --git a/usr/include/.gitignore b/usr/include/.gitignore
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..a0991ff
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+*
+!.gitignore
+!Makefile
diff --git a/usr/include/Makefile b/usr/include/Makefile
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..cd8daa2
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,132 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+
+# Unlike the kernel space, exported headers are written in standard C.
+#  - Forbid C++ style comments
+#  - Use '__inline__', '__asm__' instead of 'inline', 'asm'
+#
+# -std=c90 (equivalent to -ansi) catches the violation of those.
+# We cannot go as far as adding -Wpedantic since it emits too many warnings.
+UAPI_CFLAGS := -std=c90 -Wall -Werror=implicit-function-declaration
+
+override c_flags = $(UAPI_CFLAGS) -Wp,-MD,$(depfile) -I$(objtree)/usr/include
+
+# The following are excluded for now because they fail to build.
+#
+# Do not add a new header to the blacklist without legitimate reason.
+# Please consider to fix the header first.
+#
+# Sorted alphabetically.
+header-test- += asm/ipcbuf.h
+header-test- += asm/msgbuf.h
+header-test- += asm/sembuf.h
+header-test- += asm/shmbuf.h
+header-test- += asm/signal.h
+header-test- += asm/ucontext.h
+header-test- += drm/vmwgfx_drm.h
+header-test- += linux/am437x-vpfe.h
+header-test- += linux/android/binder.h
+header-test- += linux/android/binderfs.h
+header-test-$(CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN) += linux/byteorder/big_endian.h
+header-test-$(CONFIG_CPU_LITTLE_ENDIAN) += linux/byteorder/little_endian.h
+header-test- += linux/coda.h
+header-test- += linux/coda_psdev.h
+header-test- += linux/dvb/audio.h
+header-test- += linux/dvb/osd.h
+header-test- += linux/elfcore.h
+header-test- += linux/errqueue.h
+header-test- += linux/fsmap.h
+header-test- += linux/hdlc/ioctl.h
+header-test- += linux/ivtv.h
+header-test- += linux/jffs2.h
+header-test- += linux/kexec.h
+header-test- += linux/matroxfb.h
+header-test- += linux/netfilter_bridge/ebtables.h
+header-test- += linux/netfilter_ipv4/ipt_LOG.h
+header-test- += linux/netfilter_ipv6/ip6t_LOG.h
+header-test- += linux/nfc.h
+header-test- += linux/nilfs2_ondisk.h
+header-test- += linux/omap3isp.h
+header-test- += linux/omapfb.h
+header-test- += linux/patchkey.h
+header-test- += linux/phonet.h
+header-test- += linux/reiserfs_xattr.h
+header-test- += linux/scc.h
+header-test- += linux/sctp.h
+header-test- += linux/signal.h
+header-test- += linux/sysctl.h
+header-test- += linux/usb/audio.h
+header-test- += linux/v4l2-mediabus.h
+header-test- += linux/v4l2-subdev.h
+header-test- += linux/videodev2.h
+header-test- += linux/vm_sockets.h
+header-test- += misc/ocxl.h
+header-test- += mtd/mtd-abi.h
+header-test- += mtd/mtd-user.h
+header-test- += scsi/scsi_bsg_fc.h
+header-test- += scsi/scsi_netlink.h
+header-test- += scsi/scsi_netlink_fc.h
+header-test- += sound/asequencer.h
+header-test- += sound/asoc.h
+header-test- += sound/asound.h
+header-test- += sound/compress_offload.h
+header-test- += sound/emu10k1.h
+header-test- += sound/sfnt_info.h
+header-test- += sound/sof/eq.h
+header-test- += sound/sof/fw.h
+header-test- += sound/sof/header.h
+header-test- += sound/sof/manifest.h
+header-test- += sound/sof/trace.h
+header-test- += xen/evtchn.h
+header-test- += xen/gntdev.h
+header-test- += xen/privcmd.h
+
+# More headers are broken in some architectures
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),arc)
+header-test- += linux/bpf_perf_event.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),ia64)
+header-test- += asm/setup.h
+header-test- += asm/sigcontext.h
+header-test- += asm/perfmon.h
+header-test- += asm/perfmon_default_smpl.h
+header-test- += linux/if_bonding.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),mips)
+header-test- += asm/stat.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),powerpc)
+header-test- += asm/stat.h
+header-test- += linux/bpf_perf_event.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),riscv)
+header-test- += linux/bpf_perf_event.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),s390)
+header-test- += asm/runtime_instr.h
+header-test- += asm/zcrypt.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),sparc)
+header-test- += asm/stat.h
+header-test- += asm/uctx.h
+header-test- += asm/fbio.h
+header-test- += asm/openpromio.h
+endif
+
+# asm-generic/*.h is used by asm/*.h, and should not be included directly
+header-test- += asm-generic/%
+
+# The rest are compile-tested
+header-test-y += $(filter-out $(header-test-), \
+                       $(patsubst $(obj)/%,%, $(wildcard \
+                       $(addprefix $(obj)/, *.h */*.h */*/*.h */*/*/*.h))))
+
+# For GNU Make <= 4.2.1, $(wildcard $(obj)/*/) matches to not only directories
+# but also regular files. Use $(filter %/, ...) just in case.
+clean-dirs += $(patsubst $(obj)/%/,%,$(filter %/, $(wildcard $(obj)/*/)))