muen/linux.git
4 years agolib/kstrtox.c: delete end-of-string test
Alexey Dobriyan [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:38 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
lib/kstrtox.c: delete end-of-string test

Standard "while (*s)" test is unnecessary because NUL won't pass
valid-digit test anyway.  Save one branch per parsed character.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170514193756.GA32563@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agobitmap: use memcmp optimisation in more situations
Matthew Wilcox [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:35 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
bitmap: use memcmp optimisation in more situations

Commit 7dd968163f7c ("bitmap: bitmap_equal memcmp optimization") was
rather more restrictive than necessary; we can use memcmp() to implement
bitmap_equal() as long as the number of bits can be proved to be a
multiple of 8.  And architectures other than s390 may be able to make
good use of this optimisation.

[arnd@arndb.de: fix build: add a memcmp() declaration]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170630153908.3439707-1-arnd@arndb.de
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170628153221.11322-5-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agoinclude/linux/bitmap.h: turn bitmap_set and bitmap_clear into memset when possible
Matthew Wilcox [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:32 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
include/linux/bitmap.h: turn bitmap_set and bitmap_clear into memset when possible

Several callers have constant 'start' and an 'nbits' that is a multiple
of 8, so we can turn them into calls to memset.  We don't need the
entirety of 'start' and 'nbits' to be constant, we just need to know
whether they're divisible by 8.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170628153221.11322-4-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agobitmap: optimise bitmap_set and bitmap_clear of a single bit
Matthew Wilcox [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:29 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
bitmap: optimise bitmap_set and bitmap_clear of a single bit

We have eight users calling bitmap_clear for a single bit and seventeen
calling bitmap_set for a single bit.  Rather than fix all of them to
call __clear_bit or __set_bit, turn bitmap_clear and bitmap_set into
inline functions and make this special case efficient.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170628153221.11322-3-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agolib/test_bitmap.c: add optimisation tests
Matthew Wilcox [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:26 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
lib/test_bitmap.c: add optimisation tests

Patch series "Bitmap optimisations", v2.

These three bitmap patches use more efficient specialisations when the
compiler can figure out that it's safe to do so.  Thanks to Rasmus's
eagle eyes, a nasty bug in v1 was avoided, and I've added a test case
which would have caught it.

This patch (of 4):

This version of the test is actually a no-op; the next patch will enable
it.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170628153221.11322-2-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agoMAINTAINERS: give proc sysctl some maintainer love
Luis R. Rodriguez [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:23 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
MAINTAINERS: give proc sysctl some maintainer love

We poke at proc sysctl enough that really we should declare it
maintained.  We'll just be Cc'd and sending updates / ACK'ing changes
through akpm's tree.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170524231305.8649-1-mcgrof@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agokernel/kallsyms.c: replace all_var with IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL)
Masahiro Yamada [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:20 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
kernel/kallsyms.c: replace all_var with IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL)

'all_var' looks like a variable, but is actually a macro.  Use
IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL) for clarification.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1497577591-3434-1-git-send-email-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agokernel/groups.c: use sort library function
Rasmus Villemoes [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:17 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
kernel/groups.c: use sort library function

setgroups is not exactly a hot path, so we might as well use the library
function instead of open-coding the sorting.  Saves ~150 bytes.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1497301378-22739-1-git-send-email-linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk
Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agokernel/ksysfs.c: constify attribute_group structures.
Arvind Yadav [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:14 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
kernel/ksysfs.c: constify attribute_group structures.

attribute_groups are not supposed to change at runtime.  All functions
working with attribute_groups provided by <linux/sysfs.h> work with
const attribute_group.  So mark the non-const structs as const.

File size before:
   text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
   1120     544      16    1680     690 kernel/ksysfs.o

File size After adding 'const':
   text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
   1160     480      16    1656     678 kernel/ksysfs.o

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/aa224b3cc923fdbb3edd0c41b2c639c85408c9e8.1498737347.git.arvind.yadav.cs@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Arvind Yadav <arvind.yadav.cs@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Cc: Hari Bathini <hbathini@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Petr Tesarik <ptesarik@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agoARM: fix rd_size declaration
Bart Van Assche [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:10 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
ARM: fix rd_size declaration

The global variable 'rd_size' is declared as 'int' in source file
arch/arm/kernel/atags_parse.c and as 'unsigned long' in
drivers/block/brd.c.  Fix this inconsistency.

Additionally, remove the declarations of rd_image_start, rd_prompt and
rd_doload from parse_tag_ramdisk() since these duplicate existing
declarations in <linux/initrd.h>.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170627065024.12347-1-bart.vanassche@wdc.com
Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bart.vanassche@sandisk.com>
Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Jason Yan <yanaijie@huawei.com>
Cc: Zhaohongjiang <zhaohongjiang@huawei.com>
Cc: Miao Xie <miaoxie@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agobug: split BUILD_BUG stuff out into <linux/build_bug.h>
Ian Abbott [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:07 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
bug: split BUILD_BUG stuff out into <linux/build_bug.h>

Including <linux/bug.h> pulls in a lot of bloat from <asm/bug.h> and
<asm-generic/bug.h> that is not needed to call the BUILD_BUG() family of
macros.  Split them out into their own header, <linux/build_bug.h>.

Also correct some checkpatch.pl errors for the BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO() and
BUILD_BUG_ON_NULL() macros by adding parentheses around the bitfield
widths that begin with a minus sign.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525120316.24473-6-abbotti@mev.co.uk
Signed-off-by: Ian Abbott <abbotti@mev.co.uk>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agolinux/bug.h: correct "space required before that '-'"
Ian Abbott [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:04 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
linux/bug.h: correct "space required before that '-'"

Correct these checkpatch.pl errors:

|ERROR: space required before that '-' (ctx:OxO)
|#37: FILE: include/linux/bug.h:37:
|+#define BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(e) (sizeof(struct { int:-!!(e); }))

|ERROR: space required before that '-' (ctx:OxO)
|#38: FILE: include/linux/bug.h:38:
|+#define BUILD_BUG_ON_NULL(e) ((void *)sizeof(struct { int:-!!(e); }))

I decided to wrap the bitfield expressions that begin with minus signs
in parentheses rather than insert spaces before the minus signs.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525120316.24473-5-abbotti@mev.co.uk
Signed-off-by: Ian Abbott <abbotti@mev.co.uk>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agolinux/bug.h: correct "(foo*)" should be "(foo *)"
Ian Abbott [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:51:01 +0000 (15:51 -0700)]
linux/bug.h: correct "(foo*)" should be "(foo *)"

Correct this checkpatch.pl error:

|ERROR: "(foo*)" should be "(foo *)"
|#19: FILE: include/linux/bug.h:19:
|+#define BUILD_BUG_ON_NULL(e) ((void*)0)

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525120316.24473-4-abbotti@mev.co.uk
Signed-off-by: Ian Abbott <abbotti@mev.co.uk>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agolinux/bug.h: correct formatting of block comment
Ian Abbott [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:58 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
linux/bug.h: correct formatting of block comment

Correct these checkpatch.pl warnings:

|WARNING: Block comments use * on subsequent lines
|#34: FILE: include/linux/bug.h:34:
|+/* Force a compilation error if condition is true, but also produce a
|+   result (of value 0 and type size_t), so the expression can be used

|WARNING: Block comments use a trailing */ on a separate line
|#36: FILE: include/linux/bug.h:36:
|+   aren't permitted). */

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525120316.24473-3-abbotti@mev.co.uk
Signed-off-by: Ian Abbott <abbotti@mev.co.uk>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Jakub Kicinski <jakub.kicinski@netronome.com>
Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agoasm-generic/bug.h: declare struct pt_regs; before function prototype
Ian Abbott [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:55 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
asm-generic/bug.h: declare struct pt_regs; before function prototype

This series of patches splits BUILD_BUG related macros out of
"include/linux/bug.h" into new file "include/linux/build_bug.h" (patch
5), and changes the pointer type checking in the `container_of()` macro
to deal with pointers of array type better (patch 6).  Patches 1 to 4
are prerequisites.

Patches 2, 3, 4, and 5 have been inserted since the previous version of
this patch series.  Patch 6 here corresponds to v3 and v4's patch 2.

Patch 1 was a prerequisite in v3 of this series to avoid a lot of
warnings when <linux/bug.h> was included by <linux/kernel.h>.  That is
no longer relevant for v5 of the series, but I left it in because it was
acked by a Arnd Bergmann and Michal Nazarewicz.

Patches 2, 3, and 4 are some checkpatch clean-ups on
"include/linux/bug.h" before splitting out the BUILD_BUG stuff in patch
5.

Patch 5 splits the BUILD_BUG related macros out of "include/linux/bug.h"
into new file "include/linux/build_bug.h" because including
<linux/bug.h> in "include/linux/kernel.h" would result in build failures
due to circular dependencies.

Patch 6 changes the pointer type checking by `container_of()` to avoid
some incompatible pointer warnings when the dereferenced pointer has
array type.

1) asm-generic/bug.h: declare struct pt_regs; before function prototype
2) linux/bug.h: correct formatting of block comment
3) linux/bug.h: correct "(foo*)" should be "(foo *)"
4) linux/bug.h: correct "space required before that '-'"
5) bug: split BUILD_BUG stuff out into <linux/build_bug.h>
6) kernel.h: handle pointers to arrays better in container_of()

This patch (of 6):

The declaration of `__warn()` has `struct pt_regs *regs` as one of its
parameters.  This can result in compiler warnings if `struct regs` is not
already declared.  Add an empty declaration of `struct pt_regs` to avoid
the warnings.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525120316.24473-2-abbotti@mev.co.uk
Signed-off-by: Ian Abbott <abbotti@mev.co.uk>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agofs/proc/generic.c: switch to ida_simple_get/remove
Heiner Kallweit [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:52 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
fs/proc/generic.c: switch to ida_simple_get/remove

The code can be much simplified by switching to ida_simple_get/remove.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/8d1cc9f7-5115-c9dc-028e-c0770b6bfe1f@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Heiner Kallweit <hkallweit1@gmail.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agofrv: cmpxchg: implement cmpxchg64()
Will Deacon [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:49 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
frv: cmpxchg: implement cmpxchg64()

FRV supports 64-bit cmpxchg, which is provided by the arch code as
__cmpxchg_64 and subsequently used to implement atomic64_cmpxchg.

This patch hooks up the generic cmpxchg64 API using the same function,
which also provides default definitions of the relaxed, acquire and
release variants.  This fixes the build when COMPILE_TEST=y and
IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_LPAE=y.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1499084670-6996-1-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>
Cc: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agofrv: use generic fb.h
Tobias Klauser [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:46 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
frv: use generic fb.h

The arch uses a verbatim copy of the asm-generic version and does not
add any own implementations to the header, so use asm-generic/fb.h
instead of duplicating code.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170517083307.1697-1-tklauser@distanz.ch
Signed-off-by: Tobias Klauser <tklauser@distanz.ch>
Reviewed-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agofrv: remove wrapper header for asm/device.h
Tobias Klauser [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:43 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
frv: remove wrapper header for asm/device.h

frv's asm/device.h is merely including asm-generic/device.h.  Thus, the
arch specific header can be omitted and the generic header can be used
directly.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170517124915.26904-1-tklauser@distanz.ch
Signed-off-by: Tobias Klauser <tklauser@distanz.ch>
Reviewed-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agokasan: make get_wild_bug_type() static
Colin Ian King [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:40 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
kasan: make get_wild_bug_type() static

The helper function get_wild_bug_type() does not need to be in global
scope, so make it static.

Cleans up sparse warning:

  "symbol 'get_wild_bug_type' was not declared. Should it be static?"

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170622090049.10658-1-colin.king@canonical.com
Signed-off-by: Colin Ian King <colin.king@canonical.com>
Acked-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/kasan/kasan.c: rename XXX_is_zero to XXX_is_nonzero
Joonsoo Kim [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:37 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
mm/kasan/kasan.c: rename XXX_is_zero to XXX_is_nonzero

They return positive value, that is, true, if non-zero value is found.
Rename them to reduce confusion.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170516012350.GA16015@js1304-desktop
Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/kasan: add support for memory hotplug
Andrey Ryabinin [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:34 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
mm/kasan: add support for memory hotplug

KASAN doesn't happen work with memory hotplug because hotplugged memory
doesn't have any shadow memory.  So any access to hotplugged memory
would cause a crash on shadow check.

Use memory hotplug notifier to allocate and map shadow memory when the
hotplugged memory is going online and free shadow after the memory
offlined.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170601162338.23540-4-aryabinin@virtuozzo.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agoarm64/kasan: don't allocate extra shadow memory
Andrey Ryabinin [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:31 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
arm64/kasan: don't allocate extra shadow memory

We used to read several bytes of the shadow memory in advance.
Therefore additional shadow memory mapped to prevent crash if
speculative load would happen near the end of the mapped shadow memory.

Now we don't have such speculative loads, so we no longer need to map
additional shadow memory.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170601162338.23540-3-aryabinin@virtuozzo.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agox86/kasan: don't allocate extra shadow memory
Andrey Ryabinin [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:27 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
x86/kasan: don't allocate extra shadow memory

We used to read several bytes of the shadow memory in advance.
Therefore additional shadow memory mapped to prevent crash if
speculative load would happen near the end of the mapped shadow memory.

Now we don't have such speculative loads, so we no longer need to map
additional shadow memory.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170601162338.23540-2-aryabinin@virtuozzo.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/kasan: get rid of speculative shadow checks
Andrey Ryabinin [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:24 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
mm/kasan: get rid of speculative shadow checks

For some unaligned memory accesses we have to check additional byte of
the shadow memory.  Currently we load that byte speculatively to have
only single load + branch on the optimistic fast path.

However, this approach has some downsides:

 - It's unaligned access, so this prevents porting KASAN on
   architectures which doesn't support unaligned accesses.

 - We have to map additional shadow page to prevent crash if speculative
   load happens near the end of the mapped memory. This would
   significantly complicate upcoming memory hotplug support.

I wasn't able to notice any performance degradation with this patch.  So
these speculative loads is just a pain with no gain, let's remove them.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170601162338.23540-1-aryabinin@virtuozzo.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Acked-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/kasan/kasan_init.c: use kasan_zero_pud for p4d table
Joonsoo Kim [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:21 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
mm/kasan/kasan_init.c: use kasan_zero_pud for p4d table

There is missing optimization in zero_p4d_populate() that can save some
memory when mapping zero shadow.  Implement it like as others.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1494829255-23946-1-git-send-email-iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com
Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Acked-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/zsmalloc: simplify zs_max_alloc_size handling
Jerome Marchand [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:18 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
mm/zsmalloc: simplify zs_max_alloc_size handling

Commit 40f9fb8cffc6 ("mm/zsmalloc: support allocating obj with size of
ZS_MAX_ALLOC_SIZE") fixes a size calculation error that prevented
zsmalloc to allocate an object of the maximal size (ZS_MAX_ALLOC_SIZE).
I think however the fix is unneededly complicated.

This patch replaces the dynamic calculation of zs_size_classes at init
time by a compile time calculation that uses the DIV_ROUND_UP() macro
already used in get_size_class_index().

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use min_t]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170630114859.1979-1-jmarchan@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Jerome Marchand <jmarchan@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky.work@gmail.com>
Cc: Mahendran Ganesh <opensource.ganesh@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agozram: constify attribute_group structures.
Arvind Yadav [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:15 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
zram: constify attribute_group structures.

attribute_groups are not supposed to change at runtime.  All functions
working with attribute_groups provided by <linux/sysfs.h> work with
const attribute_group.  So mark the non-const structs as const.

File size before:
   text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
   8293     841       4    9138    23b2 drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.o

File size After adding 'const':
   text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
   8357     777       4    9138    23b2 drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.o

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/65680c1c4d85818f7094cbfa31c91bf28185ba1b.1499061182.git.arvind.yadav.cs@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Arvind Yadav <arvind.yadav.cs@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky.work@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: disallow early_pfn_to_nid on configurations which do not implement it
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:12 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
mm: disallow early_pfn_to_nid on configurations which do not implement it

early_pfn_to_nid will return node 0 if both HAVE_ARCH_EARLY_PFN_TO_NID
and HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP are disabled.  It seems we are safe now
because all architectures which support NUMA define one of them (with an
exception of alpha which however has CONFIG_NUMA marked as broken) so
this works as expected.  It can get silently and subtly broken too
easily, though.  Make sure we fail the compilation if NUMA is enabled
and there is no proper implementation for this function.  If that ever
happens we know that either the specific configuration is invalid and
the fix should either disable NUMA or enable one of the above configs.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170704075803.15979-1-mhocko@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com>
Cc: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linaro.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/memory-hotplug: switch locking to a percpu rwsem
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:09 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
mm/memory-hotplug: switch locking to a percpu rwsem

Andrey reported a potential deadlock with the memory hotplug lock and
the cpu hotplug lock.

The reason is that memory hotplug takes the memory hotplug lock and then
calls stop_machine() which calls get_online_cpus().  That's the reverse
lock order to get_online_cpus(); get_online_mems(); in mm/slub_common.c

The problem has been there forever.  The reason why this was never
reported is that the cpu hotplug locking had this homebrewn recursive
reader writer semaphore construct which due to the recursion evaded the
full lock dep coverage.  The memory hotplug code copied that construct
verbatim and therefor has similar issues.

Three steps to fix this:

1) Convert the memory hotplug locking to a per cpu rwsem so the
   potential issues get reported proper by lockdep.

2) Lock the online cpus in mem_hotplug_begin() before taking the memory
   hotplug rwsem and use stop_machine_cpuslocked() in the page_alloc
   code to avoid recursive locking.

3) The cpu hotpluck locking in #2 causes a recursive locking of the cpu
   hotplug lock via __offline_pages() -> lru_add_drain_all(). Solve this
   by invoking lru_add_drain_all_cpuslocked() instead.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170704093421.506836322@linutronix.de
Reported-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: swap: provide lru_add_drain_all_cpuslocked()
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:06 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
mm: swap: provide lru_add_drain_all_cpuslocked()

The rework of the cpu hotplug locking unearthed potential deadlocks with
the memory hotplug locking code.

The solution for these is to rework the memory hotplug locking code as
well and take the cpu hotplug lock before the memory hotplug lock in
mem_hotplug_begin(), but this will cause a recursive locking of the cpu
hotplug lock when the memory hotplug code calls lru_add_drain_all().

Split out the inner workings of lru_add_drain_all() into
lru_add_drain_all_cpuslocked() so this function can be invoked from the
memory hotplug code with the cpu hotplug lock held.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170704093421.419329357@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reported-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: use dedicated helper to access rlimit value
Krzysztof Opasiak [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:03 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
mm: use dedicated helper to access rlimit value

Use rlimit() helper instead of manually writing whole chain from current
task to rlim_cur.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170705172811.8027-1-k.opasiak@samsung.com
Signed-off-by: Krzysztof Opasiak <k.opasiak@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agofs/dcache.c: fix spin lockup issue on nlru->lock
Sahitya Tummala [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:50:00 +0000 (15:50 -0700)]
fs/dcache.c: fix spin lockup issue on nlru->lock

__list_lru_walk_one() acquires nlru spin lock (nlru->lock) for longer
duration if there are more number of items in the lru list.  As per the
current code, it can hold the spin lock for upto maximum UINT_MAX
entries at a time.  So if there are more number of items in the lru
list, then "BUG: spinlock lockup suspected" is observed in the below
path:

  spin_bug+0x90
  do_raw_spin_lock+0xfc
  _raw_spin_lock+0x28
  list_lru_add+0x28
  dput+0x1c8
  path_put+0x20
  terminate_walk+0x3c
  path_lookupat+0x100
  filename_lookup+0x6c
  user_path_at_empty+0x54
  SyS_faccessat+0xd0
  el0_svc_naked+0x24

This nlru->lock is acquired by another CPU in this path -

  d_lru_shrink_move+0x34
  dentry_lru_isolate_shrink+0x48
  __list_lru_walk_one.isra.10+0x94
  list_lru_walk_node+0x40
  shrink_dcache_sb+0x60
  do_remount_sb+0xbc
  do_emergency_remount+0xb0
  process_one_work+0x228
  worker_thread+0x2e0
  kthread+0xf4
  ret_from_fork+0x10

Fix this lockup by reducing the number of entries to be shrinked from
the lru list to 1024 at once.  Also, add cond_resched() before
processing the lru list again.

Link: http://marc.info/?t=149722864900001&r=1&w=2
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1498707575-2472-1-git-send-email-stummala@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Sahitya Tummala <stummala@codeaurora.org>
Suggested-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Suggested-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Alexander Polakov <apolyakov@beget.ru>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/list_lru.c: fix list_lru_count_node() to be race free
Sahitya Tummala [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:57 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm/list_lru.c: fix list_lru_count_node() to be race free

list_lru_count_node() iterates over all memcgs to get the total number of
entries on the node but it can race with memcg_drain_all_list_lrus(),
which migrates the entries from a dead cgroup to another.  This can return
incorrect number of entries from list_lru_count_node().

Fix this by keeping track of entries per node and simply return it in
list_lru_count_node().

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1498707555-30525-1-git-send-email-stummala@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Sahitya Tummala <stummala@codeaurora.org>
Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Alexander Polakov <apolyakov@beget.ru>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/mmap.c: expand_downwards: don't require the gap if !vm_prev
Oleg Nesterov [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:54 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm/mmap.c: expand_downwards: don't require the gap if !vm_prev

expand_stack(vma) fails if address < stack_guard_gap even if there is no
vma->vm_prev.  I don't think this makes sense, and we didn't do this
before the recent commit 1be7107fbe18 ("mm: larger stack guard gap,
between vmas").

We do not need a gap in this case, any address is fine as long as
security_mmap_addr() doesn't object.

This also simplifies the code, we know that address >= prev->vm_end and
thus underflow is not possible.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170628175258.GA24881@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/mmap.c: do not blow on PROT_NONE MAP_FIXED holes in the stack
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:51 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm/mmap.c: do not blow on PROT_NONE MAP_FIXED holes in the stack

Commit 1be7107fbe18 ("mm: larger stack guard gap, between vmas") has
introduced a regression in some rust and Java environments which are
trying to implement their own stack guard page.  They are punching a new
MAP_FIXED mapping inside the existing stack Vma.

This will confuse expand_{downwards,upwards} into thinking that the
stack expansion would in fact get us too close to an existing non-stack
vma which is a correct behavior wrt safety.  It is a real regression on
the other hand.

Let's work around the problem by considering PROT_NONE mapping as a part
of the stack.  This is a gros hack but overflowing to such a mapping
would trap anyway an we only can hope that usespace knows what it is
doing and handle it propely.

Fixes: 1be7107fbe18 ("mm: larger stack guard gap, between vmas")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170705182849.GA18027@dhcp22.suse.cz
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Debugged-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
Cc: Willy Tarreau <w@1wt.eu>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/balloon_compaction.c: enqueue zero page to balloon device
zhenwei.pi [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:47 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm/balloon_compaction.c: enqueue zero page to balloon device

presently pages in the balloon device have random value, and these pages
will be scanned by ksmd on the host.  They usually cannot be merged.
Enqueue zero pages will resolve this problem.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1498698637-26389-1-git-send-email-zhenwei.pi@youruncloud.com
Signed-off-by: zhenwei.pi <zhenwei.pi@youruncloud.com>
Cc: Gioh Kim <gi-oh.kim@profitbricks.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>
Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agocma: fix calculation of aligned offset
Doug Berger [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:44 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
cma: fix calculation of aligned offset

The align_offset parameter is used by bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off()
to represent the offset of map's base from the previous alignment
boundary; the function ensures that the returned index, plus the
align_offset, honors the specified align_mask.

The logic introduced by commit b5be83e308f7 ("mm: cma: align to physical
address, not CMA region position") has the cma driver calculate the
offset to the *next* alignment boundary.  In most cases, the base
alignment is greater than that specified when making allocations,
resulting in a zero offset whether we align up or down.  In the example
given with the commit, the base alignment (8MB) was half the requested
alignment (16MB) so the math also happened to work since the offset is
8MB in both directions.  However, when requesting allocations with an
alignment greater than twice that of the base, the returned index would
not be correctly aligned.

Also, the align_order arguments of cma_bitmap_aligned_mask() and
cma_bitmap_aligned_offset() should not be negative so the argument type
was made unsigned.

Fixes: b5be83e308f7 ("mm: cma: align to physical address, not CMA region position")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170628170742.2895-1-opendmb@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Angus Clark <angus@angusclark.org>
Signed-off-by: Doug Berger <opendmb@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Gregory Fong <gregory.0xf0@gmail.com>
Cc: Doug Berger <opendmb@gmail.com>
Cc: Angus Clark <angus@angusclark.org>
Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Lucas Stach <l.stach@pengutronix.de>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Shiraz Hashim <shashim@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Jaewon Kim <jaewon31.kim@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/memory_hotplug.c: remove unused local zone_type from __remove_zone()
John Hubbard [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:41 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm/memory_hotplug.c: remove unused local zone_type from __remove_zone()

__remove_zone() sets up up zone_type, but never uses it for anything.
This does not cause a warning, due to the (necessary) use of
-Wno-unused-but-set-variable.  However, it's noise, so just delete it.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170624043421.24465-2-jhubbard@nvidia.com
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: document highmem_is_dirtyable sysctl
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:38 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm: document highmem_is_dirtyable sysctl

It seems that there are still people using 32b kernels which a lot of
memory and the IO tend to suck a lot for them by default.  Mostly
because writers are throttled too when the lowmem is used.  We have
highmem_is_dirtyable to work around that issue but it seems we never
bothered to document it.  Let's do it now, finally.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170626093200.18958-1-mhocko@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Alkis Georgopoulos <alkisg@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agoinclude/linux/backing-dev.h: simplify wb_stat_sum
Nikolay Borisov [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:35 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
include/linux/backing-dev.h: simplify wb_stat_sum

wb_stat_sum() disables interrupts and calls __wb_stat_sum() which
eventually calls __percpu_counter_sum().  However, the percpu routine is
already irq-safe.  Simplify the code a bit by making wb_stat_sum()
directly call percpu_counter_sum_positive() and not disable interrupts.

Also remove the now-uneeded __wb_stat_sum() which was just a wrapper
over percpu_counter_sum_positive().

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1498230681-29103-1-git-send-email-nborisov@suse.com
Signed-off-by: Nikolay Borisov <nborisov@suse.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agoinclude/linux/mmzone.h: remove ancient/ambiguous comment
Nikolay Borisov [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:32 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
include/linux/mmzone.h: remove ancient/ambiguous comment

Currently pg_data_t is just a struct which describes a NUMA node memory
layout.  Let's keep the comment simple and remove ambiguity.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1498220534-22717-1-git-send-email-nborisov@suse.com
Signed-off-by: Nikolay Borisov <nborisov@suse.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/swap_slots.c: don't disable preemption while taking the per-CPU cache
Sebastian Andrzej Siewior [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:29 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm/swap_slots.c: don't disable preemption while taking the per-CPU cache

get_cpu_var() disables preemption and returns the per-CPU version of the
variable.  Disabling preemption is useful to ensure atomic access to the
variable within the critical section.

In this case however, after the per-CPU version of the variable is
obtained the ->free_lock is acquired.  For that reason it seems the raw
accessor could be used.  It only seems that ->slots_ret should be
retested (because with disabled preemption this variable can not be set
to NULL otherwise).

This popped up during PREEMPT-RT testing because it tries to take
spinlocks in a preempt disabled section.  In RT, spinlocks can sleep.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170623114755.2ebxdysacvgxzott@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ying Huang <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/page_alloc.c: eliminate unsigned confusion in __rmqueue_fallback
Rasmus Villemoes [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:26 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm/page_alloc.c: eliminate unsigned confusion in __rmqueue_fallback

Since current_order starts as MAX_ORDER-1 and is then only decremented,
the second half of the loop condition seems superfluous.  However, if
order is 0, we may decrement current_order past 0, making it UINT_MAX.
This is obviously too subtle ([1], [2]).

Since we need to add some comment anyway, change the two variables to
signed, making the counting-down for loop look more familiar, and
apparently also making gcc generate slightly smaller code.

[1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2016/6/20/493
[2] https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/6/19/345

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix up reject fixupping]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170621185529.2265-1-linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk
Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Reported-by: Hao Lee <haolee.swjtu@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Wei Yang <weiyang@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agofs/proc/task_mmu.c: remove obsolete comment in show_map_vma()
Vasily Averin [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:23 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
fs/proc/task_mmu.c: remove obsolete comment in show_map_vma()

After commit 1be7107fbe18 ("mm: larger stack guard gap, between vmas")
we do not hide stack guard page in /proc/<pid>/maps

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/211f3c2a-f7ef-7c13-82bf-46fd426f6e1b@virtuozzo.com
Signed-off-by: Vasily Averin <vvs@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: drop useless local parameters of __register_one_node()
Dou Liyang [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:20 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm: drop useless local parameters of __register_one_node()

__register_one_node() initializes local parameters "p_node" & "parent"
for register_node().

But, register_node() does not use them.

Remove the related code of "parent" node, cleanup __register_one_node()
and register_node().

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1498013846-20149-1-git-send-email-douly.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com
Signed-off-by: Dou Liyang <douly.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: avoid taking zone lock in pagetypeinfo_showmixed()
Vinayak Menon [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:17 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm: avoid taking zone lock in pagetypeinfo_showmixed()

pagetypeinfo_showmixedcount_print is found to take a lot of time to
complete and it does this holding the zone lock and disabling
interrupts.  In some cases it is found to take more than a second (On a
2.4GHz,8Gb RAM,arm64 cpu).

Avoid taking the zone lock similar to what is done by read_page_owner,
which means possibility of inaccurate results.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1498045643-12257-1-git-send-email-vinmenon@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Vinayak Menon <vinmenon@codeaurora.org>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: zhongjiang <zhongjiang@huawei.com>
Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Cc: Sudip Mukherjee <sudipm.mukherjee@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm, hugetlb, soft_offline: use new_page_nodemask for soft offline migration
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:14 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm, hugetlb, soft_offline: use new_page_nodemask for soft offline migration

new_page is yet another duplication of the migration callback which has
to handle hugetlb migration specially.  We can safely use the generic
new_page_nodemask for the same purpose.

Please note that gigantic hugetlb pages do not need any special handling
because alloc_huge_page_nodemask will make sure to check pages in all
per node pools.  The reason this was done previously was that
alloc_huge_page_node treated NO_NUMA_NODE and a specific node
differently and so alloc_huge_page_node(nid) would check on this
specific node.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170622193034.28972-4-mhocko@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Reported-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Tested-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agohugetlb: add support for preferred node to alloc_huge_page_nodemask
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:11 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
hugetlb: add support for preferred node to alloc_huge_page_nodemask

alloc_huge_page_nodemask tries to allocate from any numa node in the
allowed node mask starting from lower numa nodes.  This might lead to
filling up those low NUMA nodes while others are not used.  We can
reduce this risk by introducing a concept of the preferred node similar
to what we have in the regular page allocator.  We will start allocating
from the preferred nid and then iterate over all allowed nodes in the
zonelist order until we try them all.

This is mimicing the page allocator logic except it operates on per-node
mempools.  dequeue_huge_page_vma already does this so distill the
zonelist logic into a more generic dequeue_huge_page_nodemask and use it
in alloc_huge_page_nodemask.

This will allow us to use proper per numa distance fallback also for
alloc_huge_page_node which can use alloc_huge_page_nodemask now and we
can get rid of alloc_huge_page_node helper which doesn't have any user
anymore.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170622193034.28972-3-mhocko@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Tested-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm, hugetlb: unclutter hugetlb allocation layers
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:08 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm, hugetlb: unclutter hugetlb allocation layers

Patch series "mm, hugetlb: allow proper node fallback dequeue".

While working on a hugetlb migration issue addressed in a separate
patchset[1] I have noticed that the hugetlb allocations from the
preallocated pool are quite subotimal.

 [1] //lkml.kernel.org/r/20170608074553.22152-1-mhocko@kernel.org

There is no fallback mechanism implemented and no notion of preferred
node.  I have tried to work around it but Vlastimil was right to push
back for a more robust solution.  It seems that such a solution is to
reuse zonelist approach we use for the page alloctor.

This series has 3 patches.  The first one tries to make hugetlb
allocation layers more clear.  The second one implements the zonelist
hugetlb pool allocation and introduces a preferred node semantic which
is used by the migration callbacks.  The last patch is a clean up.

This patch (of 3):

Hugetlb allocation path for fresh huge pages is unnecessarily complex
and it mixes different interfaces between layers.

__alloc_buddy_huge_page is the central place to perform a new
allocation.  It checks for the hugetlb overcommit and then relies on
__hugetlb_alloc_buddy_huge_page to invoke the page allocator.  This is
all good except that __alloc_buddy_huge_page pushes vma and address down
the callchain and so __hugetlb_alloc_buddy_huge_page has to deal with
two different allocation modes - one for memory policy and other node
specific (or to make it more obscure node non-specific) requests.

This just screams for a reorganization.

This patch pulls out all the vma specific handling up to
__alloc_buddy_huge_page_with_mpol where it belongs.
__alloc_buddy_huge_page will get nodemask argument and
__hugetlb_alloc_buddy_huge_page will become a trivial wrapper over the
page allocator.

In short:
__alloc_buddy_huge_page_with_mpol - memory policy handling
  __alloc_buddy_huge_page - overcommit handling and accounting
    __hugetlb_alloc_buddy_huge_page - page allocator layer

Also note that __hugetlb_alloc_buddy_huge_page and its cpuset retry loop
is not really needed because the page allocator already handles the
cpusets update.

Finally __hugetlb_alloc_buddy_huge_page had a special case for node
specific allocations (when no policy is applied and there is a node
given).  This has relied on __GFP_THISNODE to not fallback to a different
node.  alloc_huge_page_node is the only caller which relies on this
behavior so move the __GFP_THISNODE there.

Not only does this remove quite some code it also should make those
layers easier to follow and clear wrt responsibilities.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170622193034.28972-2-mhocko@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Tested-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/oom_kill.c: add tracepoints for oom reaper-related events
Roman Gushchin [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:05 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
mm/oom_kill.c: add tracepoints for oom reaper-related events

During the debugging of the problem described in
https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/5/17/542 and fixed by Tetsuo Handa in
https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/5/19/383 , I've found that the existing debug
output is not really useful to understand issues related to the oom
reaper.

So, I assume, that adding some tracepoints might help with debugging of
similar issues.

Trace the following events:
 1) a process is marked as an oom victim,
 2) a process is added to the oom reaper list,
 3) the oom reaper starts reaping process's mm,
 4) the oom reaper finished reaping,
 5) the oom reaper skips reaping.

How it works in practice? Below is an example which show how the problem
mentioned above can be found: one process is added twice to the
oom_reaper list:

  $ cd /sys/kernel/debug/tracing
  $ echo "oom:mark_victim" > set_event
  $ echo "oom:wake_reaper" >> set_event
  $ echo "oom:skip_task_reaping" >> set_event
  $ echo "oom:start_task_reaping" >> set_event
  $ echo "oom:finish_task_reaping" >> set_event
  $ cat trace_pipe
          allocate-502   [001] ....    91.836405: mark_victim: pid=502
          allocate-502   [001] .N..    91.837356: wake_reaper: pid=502
          allocate-502   [000] .N..    91.871149: wake_reaper: pid=502
        oom_reaper-23    [000] ....    91.871177: start_task_reaping: pid=502
        oom_reaper-23    [000] .N..    91.879511: finish_task_reaping: pid=502
        oom_reaper-23    [000] ....    91.879580: skip_task_reaping: pid=502

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170530185231.GA13412@castle
Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agouserfaultfd: non-cooperative: add madvise() event for MADV_FREE request
Mike Rapoport [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:49:02 +0000 (15:49 -0700)]
userfaultfd: non-cooperative: add madvise() event for MADV_FREE request

MADV_FREE is identical to MADV_DONTNEED from the point of view of uffd
monitor.  The monitor has to stop handling #PF events in the range being
freed.  We are reusing userfaultfd_remove callback along with the logic
required to re-get and re-validate the VMA which may change or disappear
because userfaultfd_remove releases mmap_sem.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1497876311-18615-1-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/truncate.c: fix THP handling in invalidate_mapping_pages()
Jan Kara [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:59 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm/truncate.c: fix THP handling in invalidate_mapping_pages()

The condition checking for THP straddling end of invalidated range is
wrong - it checks 'index' against 'end' but 'index' has been already
advanced to point to the end of THP and thus the condition can never be
true.  As a result THP straddling 'end' has been fully invalidated.
Given the nature of invalidate_mapping_pages(), this could be only
performance issue.  In fact, we are lucky the condition is wrong because
if it was ever true, we'd leave locked page behind.

Fix the condition checking for THP straddling 'end' and also properly
unlock the page.  Also update the comment before the condition to
explain why we decide not to invalidate the page as it was not clear to
me and I had to ask Kirill.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170619124723.21656-1-jack@suse.cz
Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/hugetlb.c: replace memfmt with string_get_size
Matthew Wilcox [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:56 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm/hugetlb.c: replace memfmt with string_get_size

The hugetlb code has its own function to report human-readable sizes.
Convert it to use the shared string_get_size() function.  This will lead
to a minor difference in user visible output (MiB/GiB instead of MB/GB),
but some would argue that's desirable anyway.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170606190350.GA20010@bombadil.infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: Liam R. Howlett <Liam.Howlett@Oracle.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: zhong jiang <zhongjiang@huawei.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm, memcg: fix potential undefined behavior in mem_cgroup_event_ratelimit()
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:53 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm, memcg: fix potential undefined behavior in mem_cgroup_event_ratelimit()

Alice has reported the following UBSAN splat:

  UBSAN: Undefined behaviour in mm/memcontrol.c:661:17
  signed integer overflow:
  -2147483644 - 2147483525 cannot be represented in type 'long int'
  CPU: 1 PID: 11758 Comm: mybibtex2filena Tainted: P           O 4.9.25-gentoo #4
  Hardware name: XXXXXX, BIOS YYYYYY
  Call Trace:
    dump_stack+0x59/0x87
    ubsan_epilogue+0xe/0x40
    handle_overflow+0xbb/0xf0
    __ubsan_handle_sub_overflow+0x12/0x20
    memcg_check_events.isra.36+0x223/0x360
    mem_cgroup_commit_charge+0x55/0x140
    wp_page_copy+0x34e/0xb80
    do_wp_page+0x1e6/0x1300
    handle_mm_fault+0x88b/0x1990
    __do_page_fault+0x2de/0x8a0
    do_page_fault+0x1a/0x20
    error_code+0x67/0x6c

The reason is that we subtract two signed types.  Let's fix this by
truly mimicing time_after and cast the result of the subtraction.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170616150057.GQ30580@dhcp22.suse.cz
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reported-by: Alice Ferrazzi <alicef@gentoo.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm, hugetlb: schedule when potentially allocating many hugepages
David Rientjes [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:50 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm, hugetlb: schedule when potentially allocating many hugepages

A few hugetlb allocators loop while calling the page allocator and can
potentially prevent rescheduling if the page allocator slowpath is not
utilized.

Conditionally schedule when large numbers of hugepages can be allocated.

Anshuman:
 "Fixes a task which was getting hung while writing like 10000 hugepages
  (16MB on POWER8) into /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages."

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.10.1706091535300.66176@chino.kir.corp.google.com
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Tested-by: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: unify new_node_page and alloc_migrate_target
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:47 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm: unify new_node_page and alloc_migrate_target

Commit 394e31d2ceb4 ("mem-hotplug: alloc new page from a nearest
neighbor node when mem-offline") has duplicated a large part of
alloc_migrate_target with some hotplug specific special casing.

To be more precise it tried to enfore the allocation from a different
node than the original page.  As a result the two function diverged in
their shared logic, e.g.  the hugetlb allocation strategy.

Let's unify the two and express different NUMA requirements by the given
nodemask.  new_node_page will simply exclude the node it doesn't care
about and alloc_migrate_target will use all the available nodes.
alloc_migrate_target will then learn to migrate hugetlb pages more
sanely and use preallocated pool when possible.

Please note that alloc_migrate_target used to call alloc_page resp.
alloc_pages_current so the memory policy of the current context which is
quite strange when we consider that it is used in the context of
alloc_contig_range which just tries to migrate pages which stand in the
way.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170608074553.22152-4-mhocko@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Cc: zhong jiang <zhongjiang@huawei.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agohugetlb, memory_hotplug: prefer to use reserved pages for migration
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:44 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
hugetlb, memory_hotplug: prefer to use reserved pages for migration

new_node_page will try to use the origin's next NUMA node as the
migration destination for hugetlb pages.  If such a node doesn't have
any preallocated pool it falls back to __alloc_buddy_huge_page_no_mpol
to allocate a surplus page instead.  This is quite subotpimal for any
configuration when hugetlb pages are no distributed to all NUMA nodes
evenly.  Say we have a hotplugable node 4 and spare hugetlb pages are
node 0

  /sys/devices/system/node/node0/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:10000
  /sys/devices/system/node/node1/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:0
  /sys/devices/system/node/node2/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:0
  /sys/devices/system/node/node3/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:0
  /sys/devices/system/node/node4/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:10000
  /sys/devices/system/node/node5/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:0
  /sys/devices/system/node/node6/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:0
  /sys/devices/system/node/node7/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:0

Now we consume the whole pool on node 4 and try to offline this node.
All the allocated pages should be moved to node0 which has enough
preallocated pages to hold them.  With the current implementation
offlining very likely fails because hugetlb allocations during runtime
are much less reliable.

Fix this by reusing the nodemask which excludes migration source and try
to find a first node which has a page in the preallocated pool first and
fall back to __alloc_buddy_huge_page_no_mpol only when the whole pool is
consumed.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove bogus arg from alloc_huge_page_nodemask() stub]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170608074553.22152-3-mhocko@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Cc: zhong jiang <zhongjiang@huawei.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm, memory_hotplug: simplify empty node mask handling in new_node_page
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:41 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm, memory_hotplug: simplify empty node mask handling in new_node_page

new_node_page tries to allocate the target page on a different NUMA node
than the source page.  This makes sense in most cases during the hotplug
because we are likely to offline the whole numa node.  But there are
cases where there are no other nodes to fallback (e.g.  when offlining
parts of the only existing node) and we have to fallback to allocating
from the source node.  The current code does that but it can be
simplified by checking the nmask and updating it before we even try to
allocate rather than special casing it.

This patch shouldn't introduce any functional change.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170608074553.22152-2-mhocko@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Cc: zhong jiang <zhongjiang@huawei.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm, memory_hotplug: support movable_node for hotpluggable nodes
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:37 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm, memory_hotplug: support movable_node for hotpluggable nodes

movable_node kernel parameter allows making hotpluggable NUMA nodes to
put all the hotplugable memory into movable zone which allows more or
less reliable memory hotremove.  At least this is the case for the NUMA
nodes present during the boot (see find_zone_movable_pfns_for_nodes).

This is not the case for the memory hotplug, though.

echo online > /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXYZ/state

will default to a kernel zone (usually ZONE_NORMAL) unless the
particular memblock is already in the movable zone range which is not
the case normally when onlining the memory from the udev rule context
for a freshly hotadded NUMA node.  The only option currently is to have
a special udev rule to echo online_movable to all memblocks belonging to
such a node which is rather clumsy.  Not to mention this is inconsistent
as well because what ended up in the movable zone during the boot will
end up in a kernel zone after hotremove & hotadd without special care.

It would be nice to reuse memblock_is_hotpluggable but the runtime
hotplug doesn't have that information available because the boot and
hotplug paths are not shared and it would be really non trivial to make
them use the same code path because the runtime hotplug doesn't play
with the memblock allocator at all.

Teach move_pfn_range that MMOP_ONLINE_KEEP can use the movable zone if
movable_node is enabled and the range doesn't overlap with the existing
normal zone.  This should provide a reasonable default onlining
strategy.

Strictly speaking the semantic is not identical with the boot time
initialization because find_zone_movable_pfns_for_nodes covers only the
hotplugable range as described by the BIOS/FW.  From my experience this
is usually a full node though (except for Node0 which is special and
never goes away completely).  If this turns out to be a problem in the
real life we can tweak the code to store hotplug flag into memblocks but
let's keep this simple now.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170612111227.GI7476@dhcp22.suse.cz
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Reza Arbab <arbab@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <yasu.isimatu@gmail.com>
Cc: <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
Cc: Kani Toshimitsu <toshi.kani@hpe.com>
Cc: <slaoub@gmail.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Daniel Kiper <daniel.kiper@oracle.com>
Cc: Igor Mammedov <imammedo@redhat.com>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agozram: use __sysfs_match_string() helper
Andy Shevchenko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:34 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
zram: use __sysfs_match_string() helper

Use __sysfs_match_string() helper instead of open coded variant.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170609120835.22156-1-andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/migrate.c: stabilise page count when migrating transparent hugepages
Will Deacon [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:31 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm/migrate.c: stabilise page count when migrating transparent hugepages

When migrating a transparent hugepage, migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page
guards itself against a concurrent fastgup of the page by checking that
the page count is equal to 2 before and after installing the new pmd.

If the page count changes, then the pmd is reverted back to the original
entry, however there is a small window where the new (possibly writable)
pmd is installed and the underlying page could be written by userspace.
Restoring the old pmd could therefore result in loss of data.

This patch fixes the problem by freezing the page count whilst updating
the page tables, which protects against a concurrent fastgup without the
need to restore the old pmd in the failure case (since the page count
can no longer change under our feet).

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1497349722-6731-4-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Steve Capper <steve.capper@arm.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agoinclude/linux/page_ref.h: ensure page_ref_unfreeze is ordered against prior accesses
Will Deacon [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:28 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
include/linux/page_ref.h: ensure page_ref_unfreeze is ordered against prior accesses

page_ref_freeze and page_ref_unfreeze are designed to be used as a pair,
wrapping a critical section where struct pages can be modified without
having to worry about consistency for a concurrent fast-GUP.

Whilst page_ref_freeze has full barrier semantics due to its use of
atomic_cmpxchg, page_ref_unfreeze is implemented using atomic_set, which
doesn't provide any barrier semantics and allows the operation to be
reordered with respect to page modifications in the critical section.

This patch ensures that page_ref_unfreeze is ordered after any critical
section updates, by invoking smp_mb() prior to the atomic_set.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1497349722-6731-3-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@arm.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: always enable thp for dax mappings
Dan Williams [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:25 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm: always enable thp for dax mappings

The madvise policy for transparent huge pages is meant to avoid unwanted
allocations of transparent huge pages.  It allows a policy of disabling
the extra memory pressure and effort to arrange for a huge page when it
is not needed.

DAX by definition never incurs this overhead since it is statically
allocated.  The policy choice makes even less sense for device-dax which
tries to guarantee a given tlb-fault size.  Specifically, the following
setting:

echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled

...violates that guarantee and silently disables all device-dax
instances with a 2M or 1G alignment.  So, let's avoid that non-obvious
side effect by force enabling thp for dax mappings in all cases.

It is worth noting that the reason this uses vma_is_dax(), and the
resulting header include changes, is that previous attempts to add a
VM_DAX flag were NAKd.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/149739531127.20686.15813586620597484283.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: improve readability of transparent_hugepage_enabled()
Dan Williams [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:22 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm: improve readability of transparent_hugepage_enabled()

Turn the macro into a static inline and rewrite the condition checks for
better readability in preparation for adding another condition.

[ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com: fix logic to make conversion equivalent]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: resolve vs mm-make-pr_set_thp_disable-immediately-active.patch]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: include coredump.h for MMF_DISABLE_THP]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/149739530612.20686.14760671150202647861.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agooom, trace: remove ENUM evaluation of COMPACTION_FEEDBACK
Steven Rostedt (VMware) [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:18 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
oom, trace: remove ENUM evaluation of COMPACTION_FEEDBACK

After enabling CONFIG_TRACE_ENUM_MAP_FILE (which will soon be renamed to
CONFIG_TRACE_EVAL_MAP_FILE), I am able to examine the enums that have
been evaluated:

 # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/enum_map

(which will soon be renamed to eval_map)

And it showed some interesting results:

  [..]
  ZONE_MOVABLE 3 (oom)
  ZONE_NORMAL 2 (oom)
  ZONE_DMA32 1 (oom)
  ZONE_DMA 0 (oom)
  3 3 (oom)
  2 2 (oom)
  1 1 (oom)
  COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC 2 (oom)
  COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT 1 (oom)
  COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_FULL 0 (oom)
  [..]
  ZONE_DMA 0 (vmscan)
  3 3 (vmscan)
  2 2 (vmscan)
  1 1 (vmscan)
  COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC 2 (vmscan)
  [..]
  ZONE_DMA 0 (kmem)
  3 3 (kmem)
  2 2 (kmem)
  1 1 (kmem)
  COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC 2 (kmem)
  [..]
  ZONE_DMA 0 (compaction)
  3 3 (compaction)
  2 2 (compaction)
  1 1 (compaction)
  COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC 2 (compaction)
  [..]

The name within the parenthesis are the trace systems that the enum/eval
maps are associated with. When there's a number evaluated to another
number, that tells me that the TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() was used on a #define
and not an enum. As #defines get converted normally, they are not needed
to be evaluated.

Each of the above trace systems with the number to number evaluation
included the file include/trace/events/mmflags.h which has:

 /* High-level compaction status feedback */
 #define COMPACTION_FAILED       1
 #define COMPACTION_WITHDRAWN    2
 #define COMPACTION_PROGRESS     3

[..]

 #define COMPACTION_FEEDBACK             \
        EM(COMPACTION_FAILED,           "failed")       \
        EM(COMPACTION_WITHDRAWN,        "withdrawn")    \
        EMe(COMPACTION_PROGRESS,        "progress")

Which is still needed for the __print_symbolic() usage in the
trace_event.  But it is not needed to be evaluated.

Removing the evaluation part removes the unnecessary evaluations of
numbers to numbers.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170615074944.7be9a647@gandalf.local.home
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/hugetlb.c: warn the user when issues arise on boot due to hugepages
Liam R. Howlett [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:15 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm/hugetlb.c: warn the user when issues arise on boot due to hugepages

When the user specifies too many hugepages or an invalid
default_hugepagesz the communication to the user is implicit in the
allocation message.  This patch adds a warning when the desired page
count is not allocated and prints an error when the default_hugepagesz
is invalid on boot.

During boot hugepages will allocate until there is a fraction of the
hugepage size left.  That is, we allocate until either the request is
satisfied or memory for the pages is exhausted.  When memory for the
pages is exhausted, it will most likely lead to the system failing with
the OOM manager not finding enough (or anything) to kill (unless you're
using really big hugepages in the order of 100s of MB or in the GBs).
The user will most likely see the OOM messages much later in the boot
sequence than the implicitly stated message.  Worse yet, you may even
get an OOM for each processor which causes many pages of OOMs on modern
systems.  Although these messages will be printed earlier than the OOM
messages, at least giving the user errors and warnings will highlight
the configuration as an issue.  I'm trying to point the user in the
right direction by providing a more robust statement of what is failing.

During the sysctl or echo command, the user can check the results much
easier than if the system hangs during boot and the scenario of having
nothing to OOM for kernel memory is highly unlikely.

Mike said:
 "Before sending out this patch, I asked Liam off list why he was doing
  it. Was it something he just thought would be useful? Or, was there
  some type of user situation/need. He said that he had been called in
  to assist on several occasions when a system OOMed during boot. In
  almost all of these situations, the user had grossly misconfigured
  huge pages.

  DB users want to pre-allocate just the right amount of huge pages, but
  sometimes they can be really off. In such situations, the huge page
  init code just allocates as many huge pages as it can and reports the
  number allocated. There is no indication that it quit allocating
  because it ran out of memory. Of course, a user could compare the
  number in the message to what they requested on the command line to
  determine if they got all the huge pages they requested. The thought
  was that it would be useful to at least flag this situation. That way,
  the user might be able to better relate the huge page allocation
  failure to the OOM.

  I'm not sure if the e-mail discussion made it obvious that this is
  something he has seen on several occasions.

  I see Michal's point that this will only flag the situation where
  someone configures huge pages very badly. And, a more extensive look
  at the situation of misconfiguring huge pages might be in order. But,
  this has happened on several occasions which led to the creation of
  this patch"

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: reposition memfmt() to avoid forward declaration]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170603005413.10380-1-Liam.Howlett@Oracle.com
Signed-off-by: Liam R. Howlett <Liam.Howlett@Oracle.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: zhongjiang <zhongjiang@huawei.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/cma.c: warn if the CMA area could not be activated
Anshuman Khandual [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:12 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm/cma.c: warn if the CMA area could not be activated

While activating a CMA area we check to make sure that all the PFNs in
the range are inside the same zone.  This is a requirement for
alloc_contig_range() to work.  Any CMA area failing the check is
disabled for good.  This happens silently right now making all future
cma_alloc() allocations failure inevitable.

Here we add an error message stating that the CMA area could not be
activated which makes it easier to explain any future cma_alloc()
failures on it.  While in there, change the bail out goto label from
'err' to 'not_in_zone' which makes more sense.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170605023729.26303-1-khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agovmalloc: show lazy-purged vma info in vmallocinfo
Yisheng Xie [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:09 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
vmalloc: show lazy-purged vma info in vmallocinfo

When ioremap a 67112960 bytes vm_area with the vmallocinfo:
 [..]
 0xec79b000-0xec7fa000  389120 ftl_add_mtd+0x4d0/0x754 pages=94 vmalloc
 0xec800000-0xecbe1000 4067328 kbox_proc_mem_write+0x104/0x1c4 phys=8b520000 ioremap

we get the result:
 0xf1000000-0xf5001000 67112960 devm_ioremap+0x38/0x7c phys=40000000 ioremap

For the align for ioremap must be less than '1 << IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER':

if (flags & VM_IOREMAP)
align = 1ul << clamp_t(int, get_count_order_long(size),
PAGE_SHIFT, IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER);

So it makes idiot like me a litte puzzled why this was a jump the
vm_area from 0xec800000-0xecbe1000 to 0xf1000000-0xf5001000, and leaving
0xed000000-0xf1000000 as a big hole.

This patch is to show all of vm_area, including vmas which are freeing
but still in the vmap_area_list, to make it more clear about why we will
get 0xf1000000-0xf5001000 in the above case.  And we will get a
vmallocinfo like:

 [..]
 0xec79b000-0xec7fa000  389120 ftl_add_mtd+0x4d0/0x754 pages=94 vmalloc
 0xec800000-0xecbe1000 4067328 kbox_proc_mem_write+0x104/0x1c4 phys=8b520000 ioremap
 [..]
 0xece7c000-0xece7e000    8192 unpurged vm_area
 0xece7e000-0xece83000   20480 vm_map_ram
 0xf0099000-0xf00aa000   69632 vm_map_ram

after this patch.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496649682-20710-1-git-send-email-xieyisheng1@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Yisheng Xie <xieyisheng1@huawei.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: zijun_hu <zijun_hu@htc.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Hanjun Guo <guohanjun@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/memcontrol: exclude @root from checks in mem_cgroup_low
Sean Christopherson [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:05 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm/memcontrol: exclude @root from checks in mem_cgroup_low

Make @root exclusive in mem_cgroup_low; it is never considered low when
looked at directly and is not checked when traversing the tree.  In
effect, @root is handled identically to how root_mem_cgroup was
previously handled by mem_cgroup_low.

If @root is not excluded from the checks, a cgroup underneath @root will
never be considered low during targeted reclaim of @root, e.g.  due to
memory.current > memory.high, unless @root is misconfigured to have
memory.low > memory.high.

Excluding @root enables using memory.low to prioritize memory usage
between cgroups within a subtree of the hierarchy that is limited by
memory.high or memory.max, e.g.  when ROOT owns @root's controls but
delegates the @root directory to a USER so that USER can create and
administer children of @root.

For example, given cgroup A with children B and C:

    A
   / \
  B   C

and

  1. A/memory.current > A/memory.high
  2. A/B/memory.current < A/B/memory.low
  3. A/C/memory.current >= A/C/memory.low

As 'A' is high, i.e.  triggers reclaim from 'A', and 'B' is low, we
should reclaim from 'C' until 'A' is no longer high or until we can no
longer reclaim from 'C'.  If 'A', i.e.  @root, isn't excluded by
mem_cgroup_low when reclaming from 'A', then 'B' won't be considered low
and we will reclaim indiscriminately from both 'B' and 'C'.

Here is the test I used to confirm the bug and the patch.

20:00:55@sjchrist-vm ? ~ $ cat ~/.bin/memcg_low_test
#!/bin/bash

x62mb=$((62<<20))
x66mb=$((66<<20))
x94mb=$((94<<20))
x98mb=$((98<<20))

setup() {
    set -e

    if [[ -n $DEBUG ]]; then
        set -x
    fi

    trap teardown EXIT HUP INT TERM

    if [[ ! -e /mnt/1gb.swap ]]; then
        sudo fallocate -l 1G /mnt/1gb.swap > /dev/null
        sudo mkswap /mnt/1gb.swap > /dev/null
    fi
    if ! swapon --show=NAME | grep -q "/mnt/1gb.swap"; then
        sudo swapon /mnt/1gb.swap
    fi

    if [[ ! -e /cgroup/cgroup.controllers ]]; then
        sudo mount -t cgroup2 none /cgroup
    fi

    grep -q memory /cgroup/cgroup.controllers

    sudo sh -c "echo '+memory' > /cgroup/cgroup.subtree_control"

    sudo mkdir /cgroup/A && sudo chown $USER:$USER /cgroup/A
    sudo sh -c "echo '+memory' > /cgroup/A/cgroup.subtree_control"
    sudo sh -c "echo '96m' > /cgroup/A/memory.high"

    mkdir /cgroup/A/0
    mkdir /cgroup/A/1

    echo 64m > /cgroup/A/0/memory.low
}

teardown() {
    set +e

    trap - EXIT HUP INT TERM

    if [[ -z $1 ]]; then
        printf "\n"
        printf "%0.s*" {1..35}
        printf "\nFAILED!\n\n"
        tail /cgroup/A/**/memory.current
        printf "%0.s*" {1..35}
        printf "\n\n"
    fi

    ps | grep stress | tr -s ' ' | cut -f 2 -d ' ' | xargs -I % kill %

    sleep 2

    if [[ -e /cgroup/A/0 ]]; then
        rmdir /cgroup/A/0
    fi
    if [[ -e /cgroup/A/1 ]]; then
        rmdir /cgroup/A/1
    fi
    if [[ -e /cgroup/A ]]; then
        sudo rmdir /cgroup/A
    fi
}

stress_test() {
    sudo sh -c "echo $$ > /cgroup/A/$1/cgroup.procs"
    stress --vm 1 --vm-bytes 64M --vm-keep > /dev/null &

    sudo sh -c "echo $$ > /cgroup/A/$2/cgroup.procs"
    stress --vm 1 --vm-bytes 64M --vm-keep > /dev/null &

    sudo sh -c "echo $$ > /cgroup/cgroup.procs"

    sleep 1

    # A/0 should be consuming more memory than A/1
    [[ $(cat /cgroup/A/0/memory.current) -ge $(cat /cgroup/A/1/memory.current) ]]

    # A/0 should be consuming ~64mb
    [[ $(cat /cgroup/A/0/memory.current) -ge $x62mb ]] && [[ $(cat /cgroup/A/0/memory.current) -le $x66mb ]]

    # A should cumulatively be consuming ~96mb
    [[ $(cat /cgroup/A/memory.current) -ge $x94mb ]] && [[ $(cat /cgroup/A/memory.current) -le $x98mb ]]

    # Stop the stressors
    ps | grep stress | tr -s ' ' | cut -f 2 -d ' ' | xargs -I % kill %
}

teardown 1
setup

for ((i=1;i<=$1;i++)); do
    printf "ITERATION $i of $1 - stress_test 0 1"
    stress_test 0 1
    printf "\x1b[2K\r"

    printf "ITERATION $i of $1 - stress_test 1 0"
    stress_test 1 0
    printf "\x1b[2K\r"

    printf "ITERATION $i of $1 - PASSED\n"
done

teardown 1

echo PASSED!

20:11:26@sjchrist-vm ? ~ $ memcg_low_test 10

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496434412-21005-1-git-send-email-sean.j.christopherson@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: make PR_SET_THP_DISABLE immediately active
Michal Hocko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:48:02 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm: make PR_SET_THP_DISABLE immediately active

PR_SET_THP_DISABLE has a rather subtle semantic.  It doesn't affect any
existing mapping because it only updated mm->def_flags which is a
template for new mappings.

The mappings created after prctl(PR_SET_THP_DISABLE) have VM_NOHUGEPAGE
flag set.  This can be quite surprising for all those applications which
do not do prctl(); fork() & exec() and want to control their own THP
behavior.

Another usecase when the immediate semantic of the prctl might be useful
is a combination of pre- and post-copy migration of containers with
CRIU.  In this case CRIU populates a part of a memory region with data
that was saved during the pre-copy stage.  Afterwards, the region is
registered with userfaultfd and CRIU expects to get page faults for the
parts of the region that were not yet populated.  However, khugepaged
collapses the pages and the expected page faults do not occur.

In more general case, the prctl(PR_SET_THP_DISABLE) could be used as a
temporary mechanism for enabling/disabling THP process wide.

Implementation wise, a new MMF_DISABLE_THP flag is added.  This flag is
tested when decision whether to use huge pages is taken either during
page fault of at the time of THP collapse.

It should be noted, that the new implementation makes PR_SET_THP_DISABLE
master override to any per-VMA setting, which was not the case
previously.

Fixes: a0715cc22601 ("mm, thp: add VM_INIT_DEF_MASK and PRCTL_THP_DISABLE")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496415802-30944-1-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm, vmpressure: pass-through notification support
David Rientjes [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:59 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm, vmpressure: pass-through notification support

By default, vmpressure events are not pass-through, i.e.  they propagate
up through the memcg hierarchy until an event notifier is found for any
threshold level.

This presents a difficulty when a thread waiting on a read(2) for a
vmpressure event cannot distinguish between local memory pressure and
memory pressure in a descendant memcg, especially when that thread may
not control the memcg hierarchy.

Consider a user-controlled child memcg with a smaller limit than a
top-level memcg controlled by the "Activity Manager" specified in
Documentation/cgroup-v1/memory.txt.  It may register for memory pressure
notification for descendant memcgs to make a policy decision: oom kill a
low priority job, increase the limit, decrease other limits, etc.  If it
registers for memory pressure notification on the top-level memcg, it
currently cannot distinguish between memory pressure in its own memcg or
a descendant memcg, which is user-controlled.

Conversely, if a user registers for memory pressure notification on
their own descendant memcg, the Activity Manager does not receive any
pressure notification for that child memcg hierarchy.  Vmpressure events
are not received for ancestor memcgs if the memcg experiencing pressure
have notifiers registered, perhaps outside the knowledge of the thread
waiting on read(2) at the top level.

Both of these are consequences of vmpressure notification not being
pass-through.

This implements a pass-through behavior for vmpressure events.  When
writing to control.event_control, vmpressure event handlers may
optionally specify a mode.  There are two new modes:

 - "hierarchy": always propagate memory pressure events up the hierarchy
   regardless if descendant memcgs have their own notifiers registered,
   and

 - "local": only receive notifications when the memcg for which the
   event is registered experiences memory pressure.

Of course, processes may register for one notification of "low,local",
for example, and another for "low".

If no mode is specified, the current behavior is maintained for
backwards compatibility.

See the change to Documentation/cgroup-v1/memory.txt for full
specification.

[dan.carpenter@oracle.com: free the same pointer we allocated]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170613191820.GA20003@elgon.mountain
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.10.1705311421320.8946@chino.kir.corp.google.com
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Anton Vorontsov <anton@enomsg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: hwpoison: introduce idenfity_page_state
Naoya Horiguchi [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:56 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: hwpoison: introduce idenfity_page_state

Factoring duplicate code into a function.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-10-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: hugetlb: delete dequeue_hwpoisoned_huge_page()
Naoya Horiguchi [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:53 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: hugetlb: delete dequeue_hwpoisoned_huge_page()

dequeue_hwpoisoned_huge_page() is no longer used, so let's remove it.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-9-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: hwpoison: dissolve in-use hugepage in unrecoverable memory error
Naoya Horiguchi [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:50 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: hwpoison: dissolve in-use hugepage in unrecoverable memory error

Currently me_huge_page() relies on dequeue_hwpoisoned_huge_page() to
keep the error hugepage away from the system, which is OK but not good
enough because the hugepage still has a refcount and unpoison doesn't
work on the error hugepage (PageHWPoison flags are cleared but pages are
still leaked.) And there's "wasting health subpages" issue too.  This
patch reworks on me_huge_page() to solve these issues.

For hugetlb file, recently we have truncating code so let's use it in
hugetlbfs specific ->error_remove_page().

For anonymous hugepage, it's helpful to dissolve the error page after
freeing it into free hugepage list.  Migration entry and PageHWPoison in
the head page prevent the access to it.

TODO: dissolve_free_huge_page() can fail but we don't considered it yet.
It's not critical (and at least no worse that now) because in such case
the error hugepage just stays in free hugepage list without being
dissolved.  By virtue of PageHWPoison in head page, it's never allocated
to processes.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix unused var warnings]
Fixes: 23a003bfd23ea9ea0b7756b920e51f64b284b468 ("mm/madvise: pass return code of memory_failure() to userspace")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170417055948.GM31394@yexl-desktop
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-8-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: hwpoison: introduce memory_failure_hugetlb()
Naoya Horiguchi [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:47 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: hwpoison: introduce memory_failure_hugetlb()

memory_failure() is a big function and hard to maintain.  Handling
hugetlb- and non-hugetlb- case in a single function is not good, so this
patch separates PageHuge() branch into a new function, which saves many
PageHuge() check.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-7-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: soft-offline: dissolve free hugepage if soft-offlined
Naoya Horiguchi [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:44 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: soft-offline: dissolve free hugepage if soft-offlined

Now we have code to rescue most of healthy pages from a hwpoisoned
hugepage.  So let's apply it to soft_offline_free_page too.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-6-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: hugetlb: soft-offline: dissolve source hugepage after successful migration
Anshuman Khandual [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:41 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: hugetlb: soft-offline: dissolve source hugepage after successful migration

Currently hugepage migrated by soft-offline (i.e.  due to correctable
memory errors) is contained as a hugepage, which means many non-error
pages in it are unreusable, i.e.  wasted.

This patch solves this issue by dissolving source hugepages into buddy.
As done in previous patch, PageHWPoison is set only on a head page of
the error hugepage.  Then in dissoliving we move the PageHWPoison flag
to the raw error page so that all healthy subpages return back to buddy.

[arnd@arndb.de: fix warnings: replace some macros with inline functions]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170609102544.2947326-1-arnd@arndb.de
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-5-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com
Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: hwpoison: change PageHWPoison behavior on hugetlb pages
Naoya Horiguchi [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:38 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: hwpoison: change PageHWPoison behavior on hugetlb pages

We'd like to narrow down the error region in memory error on hugetlb
pages.  However, currently we set PageHWPoison flags on all subpages in
the error hugepage and add # of subpages to num_hwpoison_pages, which
doesn't fit our purpose.

So this patch changes the behavior and we only set PageHWPoison on the
head page then increase num_hwpoison_pages only by 1.  This is a
preparation for narrow-down part which comes in later patches.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-4-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: hugetlb: return immediately for hugetlb page in __delete_from_page_cache()
Naoya Horiguchi [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:35 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: hugetlb: return immediately for hugetlb page in __delete_from_page_cache()

We avoid calling __mod_node_page_state(NR_FILE_PAGES) for hugetlb page
now, but it's not enough because later code doesn't handle hugetlb
properly.  Actually in our testing, WARN_ON_ONCE(PageDirty(page)) at the
end of this function fires for hugetlb, which makes no sense.  So we
should return immediately for hugetlb pages.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-3-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm: hugetlb: prevent reuse of hwpoisoned free hugepages
Naoya Horiguchi [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:32 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: hugetlb: prevent reuse of hwpoisoned free hugepages

Patch series "mm: hwpoison: fixlet for hugetlb migration".

This patchset updates the hwpoison/hugetlb code to address 2 reported
issues.

One is madvise(MADV_HWPOISON) failure reported by Intel's lkp robot (see
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170417055948.GM31394@yexl-desktop.) First
half was already fixed in mainline, and another half about hugetlb cases
are solved in this series.

Another issue is "narrow-down error affected region into a single 4kB
page instead of a whole hugetlb page" issue, which was tried by Anshuman
(http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170420110627.12307-1-khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com)
and I updated it to apply it more widely.

This patch (of 9):

We no longer use MIGRATE_ISOLATE to prevent reuse of hwpoison hugepages
as we did before.  So current dequeue_huge_page_node() doesn't work as
intended because it still uses is_migrate_isolate_page() for this check.
This patch fixes it with PageHWPoison flag.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496305019-5493-2-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agofs/buffer.c: make bh_lru_install() more efficient
Eric Biggers [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:29 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
fs/buffer.c: make bh_lru_install() more efficient

To install a buffer_head into the cpu's LRU queue, bh_lru_install()
would construct a new copy of the queue and then memcpy it over the real
queue.  But it's easily possible to do the update in-place, which is
faster and simpler.  Some work can also be skipped if the buffer_head
was already in the queue.

As a microbenchmark I timed how long it takes to run sb_getblk()
10,000,000 times alternating between BH_LRU_SIZE + 1 blocks.
Effectively, this benchmarks looking up buffer_heads that are in the
page cache but not in the LRU:

Before this patch: 1.758s
After this patch: 1.653s

This patch also removes about 350 bytes of compiled code (on x86_64),
partly due to removal of the memcpy() which was being inlined+unrolled.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20161229193445.1913-1-ebiggers3@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/zsmalloc.c: fix -Wunneeded-internal-declaration warning
Nick Desaulniers [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:26 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm/zsmalloc.c: fix -Wunneeded-internal-declaration warning

is_first_page() is only called from the macro VM_BUG_ON_PAGE() which is
only compiled in as a runtime check when CONFIG_DEBUG_VM is set,
otherwise is checked at compile time and not actually compiled in.

Fixes the following warning, found with Clang:

  mm/zsmalloc.c:472:12: warning: function 'is_first_page' is not needed and will not be emitted [-Wunneeded-internal-declaration]
  static int is_first_page(struct page *page)
           ^

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170524053859.29059-1-nick.desaulniers@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <nick.desaulniers@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/memory_hotplug.c: add NULL check to avoid potential NULL pointer dereference
Gustavo A. R. Silva [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:23 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm/memory_hotplug.c: add NULL check to avoid potential NULL pointer dereference

The NULL check at line 1226: if (!pgdat), implies that pointer pgdat
might be NULL.

rollback_node_hotadd() dereferences this pointer.  Add NULL check to
avoid a potential NULL pointer dereference.

Addresses-Coverity-ID: 1369133
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170530212436.GA6195@embeddedgus
Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <garsilva@embeddedor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm, vmscan: avoid thrashing anon lru when free + file is low
David Rientjes [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:20 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm, vmscan: avoid thrashing anon lru when free + file is low

The purpose of the code that commit 623762517e23 ("revert 'mm: vmscan:
do not swap anon pages just because free+file is low'") reintroduces is
to prefer swapping anonymous memory rather than trashing the file lru.

If the anonymous inactive lru for the set of eligible zones is
considered low, however, or the length of the list for the given reclaim
priority does not allow for effective anonymous-only reclaiming, then
avoid forcing SCAN_ANON.  Forcing SCAN_ANON will end up thrashing the
small list and leave unreclaimed memory on the file lrus.

If the inactive list is insufficient, fallback to balanced reclaim so
the file lru doesn't remain untouched.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.10.1705011432220.137835@chino.kir.corp.google.com
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Suggested-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm/memory.c: convert to DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE
Yevgen Pronenko [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:17 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm/memory.c: convert to DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE

The preferred strategy to define debugfs attributes is to use the
DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE() macro and to use debugfs_create_file_unsafe().

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170528145948.32127-1-y.pronenko@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Yevgen Pronenko <y.pronenko@gmail.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agomm, page_alloc: fallback to smallest page when not stealing whole pageblock
Vlastimil Babka [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:14 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm, page_alloc: fallback to smallest page when not stealing whole pageblock

Since commit 3bc48f96cf11 ("mm, page_alloc: split smallest stolen page
in fallback") we pick the smallest (but sufficient) page of all that
have been stolen from a pageblock of different migratetype.  However,
there are cases when we decide not to steal the whole pageblock.

Practically in the current implementation it means that we are trying to
fallback for a MIGRATE_MOVABLE allocation of order X, go through the
freelists from MAX_ORDER-1 down to X, and find free page of order Y.  If
Y is less than pageblock_order / 2, we decide not to steal all pages
from the pageblock.  When Y > X, it means we are potentially splitting a
larger page than we need, as there might be other pages of order Z,
where X <= Z < Y.  Since Y is already too small to steal whole
pageblock, picking smallest available Z will result in the same decision
and we avoid splitting a higher-order page in a MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE or
MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE pageblock.

This patch therefore changes the fallback algorithm so that in the
situation described above, we switch the fallback search strategy to go
from order X upwards to find the smallest suitable fallback.  In theory
there shouldn't be a downside of this change wrt fragmentation.

This has been tested with mmtests' stress-highalloc performing
GFP_KERNEL order-4 allocations, here is the relevant extfrag tracepoint
statistics:

                                                        4.12.0-rc2      4.12.0-rc2
                                                         1-kernel4       2-kernel4
  Page alloc extfrag event                                  25640976    69680977
  Extfrag fragmenting                                       25621086    69661364
  Extfrag fragmenting for unmovable                            74409       73204
  Extfrag fragmenting unmovable placed with movable            69003       67684
  Extfrag fragmenting unmovable placed with reclaim.            5406        5520
  Extfrag fragmenting for reclaimable                           6398        8467
  Extfrag fragmenting reclaimable placed with movable            869         884
  Extfrag fragmenting reclaimable placed with unmov.            5529        7583
  Extfrag fragmenting for movable                           25540279    69579693

Since we force movable allocations to steal the smallest available page
(which we then practially always split), we steal less per fallback, so
the number of fallbacks increases and steals potentially happen from
different pageblocks.  This is however not an issue for movable pages
that can be compacted.

Importantly, the "unmovable placed with movable" statistics is lower,
which is the result of less fragmentation in the unmovable pageblocks.
The effect on reclaimable allocation is a bit unclear.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170529093947.22618-1-vbabka@suse.cz
Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agoswap: add block io poll in swapin path
Shaohua Li [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 22:47:11 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
swap: add block io poll in swapin path

For fast flash disk, async IO could introduce overhead because of
context switch.  block-mq now supports IO poll, which improves
performance and latency a lot.  swapin is a good place to use this
technique, because the task is waiting for the swapin page to continue
execution.

In my virtual machine, directly read 4k data from a NVMe with iopoll is
about 60% better than that without poll.  With iopoll support in swapin
patch, my microbenchmark (a task does random memory write) is about
10%~25% faster.  CPU utilization increases a lot though, 2x and even 3x
CPU utilization.  This will depend on disk speed.

While iopoll in swapin isn't intended for all usage cases, it's a win
for latency sensistive workloads with high speed swap disk.  block layer
has knob to control poll in runtime.  If poll isn't enabled in block
layer, there should be no noticeable change in swapin.

I got a chance to run the same test in a NVMe with DRAM as the media.
In simple fio IO test, blkpoll boosts 50% performance in single thread
test and ~20% in 8 threads test.  So this is the base line.  In above
swap test, blkpoll boosts ~27% performance in single thread test.
blkpoll uses 2x CPU time though.

If we enable hybid polling, the performance gain has very slight drop
but CPU time is only 50% worse than that without blkpoll.  Also we can
adjust parameter of hybid poll, with it, the CPU time penality is
reduced further.  In 8 threads test, blkpoll doesn't help though.  The
performance is similar to that without blkpoll, but cpu utilization is
similar too.  There is lock contention in swap path.  The cpu time
spending on blkpoll isn't high.  So overall, blkpoll swapin isn't worse
than that without it.

The swapin readahead might read several pages in in the same time and
form a big IO request.  Since the IO will take longer time, it doesn't
make sense to do poll, so the patch only does iopoll for single page
swapin.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/070c3c3e40b711e7b1390002c991e86a-b5408f0@7511894063d3764ff01ea8111f5a004d7dd700ed078797c204a24e620ddb965c
Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@intel.com>
Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4 years agoMerge tag 'for-linus-4.13-v2' of git://github.com/cminyard/linux-ipmi
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 17:59:29 +0000 (10:59 -0700)]
Merge tag 'for-linus-4.13-v2' of git://github.com/cminyard/linux-ipmi

Pull IPMI updates from Corey Minyard:
 "Some small fixes for IPMI, and one medium sized changed.

  The medium sized change is adding a platform device for IPMI entries
  in the DMI table. Otherwise there is no auto loading for IPMI devices
  if they are only in the DMI table"

* tag 'for-linus-4.13-v2' of git://github.com/cminyard/linux-ipmi:
  ipmi:ssif: Add missing unlock in error branch
  char: ipmi: constify bmc_dev_attr_group and bmc_device_type
  ipmi:ssif: Check dev before setting drvdata
  ipmi: Convert DMI handling over to a platform device
  ipmi: Create a platform device for a DMI-specified IPMI interface
  ipmi: use rcu lock around call to intf->handlers->sender()
  ipmi:ssif: Use i2c_adapter_id instead of adapter->nr
  ipmi: Use the proper default value for register size in ACPI
  ipmi_ssif: remove redundant null check on array client->adapter->name
  ipmi/watchdog: fix watchdog timeout set on reboot
  ipmi_ssif: unlock on allocation failure

4 years agoMerge tag 'xfs-4.13-merge-5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/fs/xfs/xfs-linux
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 17:51:53 +0000 (10:51 -0700)]
Merge tag 'xfs-4.13-merge-5' of git://git./fs/xfs/xfs-linux

Pull XFS updates from Darrick Wong:
 "Here are some changes for you for 4.13. For the most part it's fixes
  for bugs and deadlock problems, and preparation for online fsck in
  some future merge window.

   - Avoid quotacheck deadlocks

   - Fix transaction overflows when bunmapping fragmented files

   - Refactor directory readahead

   - Allow admin to configure if ASSERT is fatal

   - Improve transaction usage detail logging during overflows

   - Minor cleanups

   - Don't leak log items when the log shuts down

   - Remove double-underscore typedefs

   - Various preparation for online scrubbing

   - Introduce new error injection configuration sysfs knobs

   - Refactor dq_get_next to use extent map directly

   - Fix problems with iterating the page cache for unwritten data

   - Implement SEEK_{HOLE,DATA} via iomap

   - Refactor XFS to use iomap SEEK_HOLE and SEEK_DATA

   - Don't use MAXPATHLEN to check on-disk symlink target lengths"

* tag 'xfs-4.13-merge-5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/fs/xfs/xfs-linux: (48 commits)
  xfs: don't crash on unexpected holes in dir/attr btrees
  xfs: rename MAXPATHLEN to XFS_SYMLINK_MAXLEN
  xfs: fix contiguous dquot chunk iteration livelock
  xfs: Switch to iomap for SEEK_HOLE / SEEK_DATA
  vfs: Add iomap_seek_hole and iomap_seek_data helpers
  vfs: Add page_cache_seek_hole_data helper
  xfs: remove a whitespace-only line from xfs_fs_get_nextdqblk
  xfs: rewrite xfs_dq_get_next_id using xfs_iext_lookup_extent
  xfs: Check for m_errortag initialization in xfs_errortag_test
  xfs: grab dquots without taking the ilock
  xfs: fix semicolon.cocci warnings
  xfs: Don't clear SGID when inheriting ACLs
  xfs: free cowblocks and retry on buffered write ENOSPC
  xfs: replace log_badcrc_factor knob with error injection tag
  xfs: convert drop_writes to use the errortag mechanism
  xfs: remove unneeded parameter from XFS_TEST_ERROR
  xfs: expose errortag knobs via sysfs
  xfs: make errortag a per-mountpoint structure
  xfs: free uncommitted transactions during log recovery
  xfs: don't allow bmap on rt files
  ...

4 years agoMerge branch 'nowait-aio-btrfs-fixup' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 17:27:48 +0000 (10:27 -0700)]
Merge branch 'nowait-aio-btrfs-fixup' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/kdave/linux

Pull btrfs fix from David Sterba:
 "This fixes a user-visible bug introduced by the nowait-aio patches
  merged in this cycle"

* 'nowait-aio-btrfs-fixup' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kdave/linux:
  btrfs: nowait aio: Correct assignment of pos

4 years agoMerge branch 'fix-uio' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 17:13:45 +0000 (10:13 -0700)]
Merge branch 'fix-uio' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs

Pull copy*_iter fix from Al Viro.

[ Al used entirely the wrong return value. Oopsie. ]

* 'fix-uio' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs:
  fix brown paperbag bug in inlined copy_..._iter()

4 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/hid
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 16:22:48 +0000 (09:22 -0700)]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jikos/hid

Pull HID updates from Jiri Kosina:

 - open/close tracking improvements from Dmitry Torokhov

 - battery support improvements in Wacom driver from Jason Gerecke

 - Win8 support fixes from Benjamin Tissories and Hans de Geode

 - misc fixes to Intel-ISH driver from Arnd Bergmann

 - support for quite a few new devices and small assorted fixes here and
   there

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/hid: (35 commits)
  HID: intel-ish-hid: Enable Gemini Lake ish driver
  HID: intel-ish-hid: Enable Cannon Lake ish driver
  HID: wacom: fix mistake in printk
  HID: multitouch: optimize the sticky fingers timer
  HID: multitouch: fix rare Win 8 cases when the touch up event gets missing
  HID: multitouch: use BIT macro
  HID: Add driver for Retrode2 joypad adapter
  HID: multitouch: Add support for Google Rose Touchpad
  HID: multitouch: Support PTP Stick and Touchpad device
  HID: core: don't use negative operands when shift
  HID: apple: Use country code to detect ISO keyboards
  HID: remove no longer used hid->open field
  greybus: hid: remove custom locking from gb_hid_open/close
  HID: usbhid: remove custom locking from usbhid_open/close
  HID: i2c-hid: remove custom locking from i2c_hid_open/close
  HID: serialize hid_hw_open and hid_hw_close
  HID: usbhid: do not rely on hid->open when deciding to do IO
  HID: hiddev: use hid_hw_power instead of usbhid_get/put_power
  HID: hiddev: use hid_hw_open/close instead of usbhid_open/close
  HID: asus: Add support for Zen AiO MD-5110 keyboard
  ...

4 years agobtrfs: nowait aio: Correct assignment of pos
Goldwyn Rodrigues [Wed, 5 Jul 2017 03:33:07 +0000 (22:33 -0500)]
btrfs: nowait aio: Correct assignment of pos

Assigning pos for usage early messes up in append mode, where the pos is
re-assigned in generic_write_checks(). Assign pos later to get the
correct position to write from iocb->ki_pos.

Since check_can_nocow also uses the value of pos, we shift
generic_write_checks() before check_can_nocow(). Checks with IOCB_DIRECT
are present in generic_write_checks(), so checking for IOCB_NOWAIT is
enough.

Also, put locking sequence in the fast path.

This fixes a user visible bug, as reported:

"apparently breaks several shell related features on my system.
In zsh history stopped working, because no new entries are added
anymore.
I fist noticed the issue when I tried to build mplayer. It uses a shell
script to generate a help_mp.h file:
[...]

Here is a simple testcase:

 % echo "foo" >> test
 % echo "foo" >> test
 % cat test
 foo
 %
"

Fixes: edf064e7c6fe ("btrfs: nowait aio support")
CC: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Reported-by: Markus Trippelsdorf <markus@trippelsdorf.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170704042306.GA274@x4
Signed-off-by: Goldwyn Rodrigues <rgoldwyn@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
4 years agofix brown paperbag bug in inlined copy_..._iter()
Al Viro [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 11:40:49 +0000 (07:40 -0400)]
fix brown paperbag bug in inlined copy_..._iter()

"copied nothing" == "return 0", not "return full size".

Fixes: aa28de275a24 "iov_iter/hardening: move object size checks to inlined part"
Spotted-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
4 years agoMerge branches 'for-4.13/multitouch', 'for-4.13/retrode', 'for-4.13/transport-open...
Jiri Kosina [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 09:11:25 +0000 (11:11 +0200)]
Merge branches 'for-4.13/multitouch', 'for-4.13/retrode', 'for-4.13/transport-open-close-consolidation', 'for-4.13/upstream' and 'for-4.13/wacom' into for-linus

4 years agoMerge branches 'for-4.13/ish' and 'for-4.13/ite' into for-linus
Jiri Kosina [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 09:11:05 +0000 (11:11 +0200)]
Merge branches 'for-4.13/ish' and 'for-4.13/ite' into for-linus

Conflicts:
drivers/hid/hid-core.c

4 years agoMerge branches 'for-4.13/apple' and 'for-4.13/asus' into for-linus
Jiri Kosina [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 08:56:59 +0000 (10:56 +0200)]
Merge branches 'for-4.13/apple' and 'for-4.13/asus' into for-linus

Conflicts:
drivers/hid/hid-core.c

4 years agoMerge tag 'drm-for-v4.13' of git://people.freedesktop.org/~airlied/linux
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 10 Jul 2017 01:48:37 +0000 (18:48 -0700)]
Merge tag 'drm-for-v4.13' of git://people.freedesktop.org/~airlied/linux

Pull drm updates from Dave Airlie:
 "This is the main pull request for the drm, I think I've got one later
  driver pull for mediatek SoC driver, I'm undecided on if it needs to
  go to you yet.

  Otherwise summary below:

  Core drm:
   - Atomic add driver private objects
   - Deprecate preclose hook in modern drivers
   - MST bandwidth tracking
   - Use kvmalloc in more places
   - Add mode_valid hook for crtc/encoder/bridge
   - Reduce sync_file construction time
   - Documentation updates
   - New DRM synchronisation object support

  New drivers:
   - pl111 - pl111 CLCD display controller

  Panel:
   - Innolux P079ZCA panel driver
   - Add NL12880B20-05, NL192108AC18-02D, P320HVN03 panels
   - panel-samsung-s6e3ha2: Add s6e3hf2 panel support

  i915:
   - SKL+ watermark fixes
   - G4x/G33 reset improvements
   - DP AUX backlight improvements
   - Buffer based GuC/host communication
   - New getparam for (sub)slice infomation
   - Cannonlake and Coffeelake initial patches
   - Execbuf optimisations

  radeon/amdgpu:
   - Lots of Vega10 bug fixes
   - Preliminary raven support
   - KIQ support for compute rings
   - MEC queue management rework
   - DCE6 Audio support
   - SR-IOV improvements
   - Better radeon/amdgpu selection support

  nouveau:
   - HDMI stereoscopic support
   - Display code rework for >= GM20x GPUs

  msm:
   - GEM rework for fine-grained locking
   - Per-process pagetable work
   - HDMI fixes for Snapdragon 820.

  vc4:
   - Remove 256MB CMA limit from vc4
   - Add out-fence support
   - Add support for cygnus
   - Get/set tiling ioctls support
   - Add T-format tiling support for scanout

  zte:
   - add VGA support.

  etnaviv:
   - Thermal throttle support for newer GPUs
   - Restore userspace buffer cache performance
   - dma-buf sync fix

  stm:
   - add stm32f429 display support

  exynos:
   - Rework vblank handling
   - Fixup sw-trigger code

  sun4i:
   - V3s display engine support
   - HDMI support for older SoCs
   - Preliminary work on dual-pipeline SoCs.

  rcar-du:
   - VSP work

  imx-drm:
   - Remove counter load enable from PRE
   - Double read/write reduction flag support

  tegra:
   - Documentation for the host1x and drm driver.
   - Lots of staging ioctl fixes due to grate project work.

  omapdrm:
   - dma-buf fence support
   - TILER rotation fixes"

* tag 'drm-for-v4.13' of git://people.freedesktop.org/~airlied/linux: (1270 commits)
  drm: Remove unused drm_file parameter to drm_syncobj_replace_fence()
  drm/amd/powerplay: fix bug fail to remove sysfs when rmmod amdgpu.
  amdgpu: Set cik/si_support to 1 by default if radeon isn't built
  drm/amdgpu/gfx9: fix driver reload with KIQ
  drm/amdgpu/gfx8: fix driver reload with KIQ
  drm/amdgpu: Don't call amd_powerplay_destroy() if we don't have powerplay
  drm/ttm: Fix use-after-free in ttm_bo_clean_mm
  drm/amd/amdgpu: move get memory type function from early init to sw init
  drm/amdgpu/cgs: always set reference clock in mode_info
  drm/amdgpu: fix vblank_time when displays are off
  drm/amd/powerplay: power value format change for Vega10
  drm/amdgpu/gfx9: support the amdgpu.disable_cu option
  drm/amd/powerplay: change PPSMC_MSG_GetCurrPkgPwr for Vega10
  drm/amdgpu: Make amdgpu_cs_parser_init static (v2)
  drm/amdgpu/cs: fix a typo in a comment
  drm/amdgpu: Fix the exported always on CU bitmap
  drm/amdgpu/gfx9: gfx_v9_0_enable_gfx_static_mg_power_gating() can be static
  drm/amdgpu/psp: upper_32_bits/lower_32_bits for address setup
  drm/amd/powerplay/cz: print message if smc message fails
  drm/amdgpu: fix typo in amdgpu_debugfs_test_ib_init
  ...

4 years agoafs: Add metadata xattrs
David Howells [Thu, 6 Jul 2017 14:50:27 +0000 (15:50 +0100)]
afs: Add metadata xattrs

Add xattrs to allow the user to get/set metadata in lieu of having pioctl()
available.  The following xattrs are now available:

 - "afs.cell"

   The name of the cell in which the vnode's volume resides.

 - "afs.fid"

   The volume ID, vnode ID and vnode uniquifier of the file as three hex
   numbers separated by colons.

 - "afs.volume"

   The name of the volume in which the vnode resides.

For example:

# getfattr -d -m ".*" /mnt/scratch
getfattr: Removing leading '/' from absolute path names
# file: mnt/scratch
afs.cell="mycell.myorg.org"
afs.fid="10000b:1:1"
afs.volume="scratch"

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>