muen/linux.git
6 years agoMerge tag 'trace-v4.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux...
Linus Torvalds [Tue, 8 Sep 2015 21:04:14 +0000 (14:04 -0700)]
Merge tag 'trace-v4.3' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace

Pull tracing update from Steven Rostedt:
 "Mostly this is just clean ups and micro optimizations.

  The changes with more meat are:

   - Allowing the trace event filters to filter on CPU number and
     process ids

   - Two new markers for trace output latency were added (10 and 100
     msec latencies)

   - Have tracing_thresh filter function profiling time

  I also worked on modifying the ring buffer code for some future work,
  and moved the adding of the timestamp around.  One of my changes
  caused a regression, and since other changes were built on top of it
  and already tested, I had to operate a revert of that change.  Instead
  of rebasing, this change set has the code that caused a regression as
  well as the code to revert that change without touching the other
  changes that were made on top of it"

* tag 'trace-v4.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace:
  ring-buffer: Revert "ring-buffer: Get timestamp after event is allocated"
  tracing: Don't make assumptions about length of string on task rename
  tracing: Allow triggers to filter for CPU ids and process names
  ftrace: Format MCOUNT_ADDR address as type unsigned long
  tracing: Introduce two additional marks for delay
  ftrace: Fix function_graph duration spacing with 7-digits
  ftrace: add tracing_thresh to function profile
  tracing: Clean up stack tracing and fix fentry updates
  ring-buffer: Reorganize function locations
  ring-buffer: Make sure event has enough room for extend and padding
  ring-buffer: Get timestamp after event is allocated
  ring-buffer: Move the adding of the extended timestamp out of line
  ring-buffer: Add event descriptor to simplify passing data
  ftrace: correct the counter increment for trace_buffer data
  tracing: Fix for non-continuous cpu ids
  tracing: Prefer kcalloc over kzalloc with multiply

6 years agoMerge branch 'upstream' of git://git.infradead.org/users/pcmoore/audit
Linus Torvalds [Tue, 8 Sep 2015 20:34:59 +0000 (13:34 -0700)]
Merge branch 'upstream' of git://git.infradead.org/users/pcmoore/audit

Pull audit update from Paul Moore:
 "This is one of the larger audit patchsets in recent history,
  consisting of eight patches and almost 400 lines of changes.

  The bulk of the patchset is the new "audit by executable"
  functionality which allows admins to set an audit watch based on the
  executable on disk.  Prior to this, admins could only track an
  application by PID, which has some obvious limitations.

  Beyond the new functionality we also have some refcnt fixes and a few
  minor cleanups"

* 'upstream' of git://git.infradead.org/users/pcmoore/audit:
  fixup: audit: implement audit by executable
  audit: implement audit by executable
  audit: clean simple fsnotify implementation
  audit: use macros for unset inode and device values
  audit: make audit_del_rule() more robust
  audit: fix uninitialized variable in audit_add_rule()
  audit: eliminate unnecessary extra layer of watch parent references
  audit: eliminate unnecessary extra layer of watch references

6 years agoMerge branch 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux...
Linus Torvalds [Tue, 8 Sep 2015 19:41:25 +0000 (12:41 -0700)]
Merge branch 'next' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security

Pull security subsystem updates from James Morris:
 "Highlights:

   - PKCS#7 support added to support signed kexec, also utilized for
     module signing.  See comments in 3f1e1bea.

     ** NOTE: this requires linking against the OpenSSL library, which
        must be installed, e.g.  the openssl-devel on Fedora **

   - Smack
      - add IPv6 host labeling; ignore labels on kernel threads
      - support smack labeling mounts which use binary mount data

   - SELinux:
      - add ioctl whitelisting (see
        http://kernsec.org/files/lss2015/vanderstoep.pdf)
      - fix mprotect PROT_EXEC regression caused by mm change

   - Seccomp:
      - add ptrace options for suspend/resume"

* 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security: (57 commits)
  PKCS#7: Add OIDs for sha224, sha284 and sha512 hash algos and use them
  Documentation/Changes: Now need OpenSSL devel packages for module signing
  scripts: add extract-cert and sign-file to .gitignore
  modsign: Handle signing key in source tree
  modsign: Use if_changed rule for extracting cert from module signing key
  Move certificate handling to its own directory
  sign-file: Fix warning about BIO_reset() return value
  PKCS#7: Add MODULE_LICENSE() to test module
  Smack - Fix build error with bringup unconfigured
  sign-file: Document dependency on OpenSSL devel libraries
  PKCS#7: Appropriately restrict authenticated attributes and content type
  KEYS: Add a name for PKEY_ID_PKCS7
  PKCS#7: Improve and export the X.509 ASN.1 time object decoder
  modsign: Use extract-cert to process CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS
  extract-cert: Cope with multiple X.509 certificates in a single file
  sign-file: Generate CMS message as signature instead of PKCS#7
  PKCS#7: Support CMS messages also [RFC5652]
  X.509: Change recorded SKID & AKID to not include Subject or Issuer
  PKCS#7: Check content type and versions
  MAINTAINERS: The keyrings mailing list has moved
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'nmi' of git://ftp.arm.linux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm
Linus Torvalds [Tue, 8 Sep 2015 19:28:10 +0000 (12:28 -0700)]
Merge branch 'nmi' of git://ftp.arm.linux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm

Pull NMI backtrace update from Russell King:
 "These changes convert the x86 NMI handling to be a library
  implementation which other architectures can make use of.  Thomas
  Gleixner has reviewed and tested these changes, and wishes me to send
  these rather than taking them through the tip tree.

  The final patch in the set adds an initial implementation using this
  infrastructure to ARM, even though it doesn't send the IPI at "NMI"
  level.  Patches are in progress to add the ARM equivalent of NMI, but
  we still need the IRQ-level fallback for systems where the "NMI" isn't
  available due to secure firmware denying access to it"

* 'nmi' of git://ftp.arm.linux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm:
  ARM: add basic support for on-demand backtrace of other CPUs
  nmi: x86: convert to generic nmi handler
  nmi: create generic NMI backtrace implementation

6 years agoMerge tag 'for-linus-4.3-rc0-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Tue, 8 Sep 2015 18:46:48 +0000 (11:46 -0700)]
Merge tag 'for-linus-4.3-rc0-tag' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/xen/tip

Pull xen updates from David Vrabel:
 "Xen features and fixes for 4.3:

   - Convert xen-blkfront to the multiqueue API
   - [arm] Support binding event channels to different VCPUs.
   - [x86] Support > 512 GiB in a PV guests (off by default as such a
     guest cannot be migrated with the current toolstack).
   - [x86] PMU support for PV dom0 (limited support for using perf with
     Xen and other guests)"

* tag 'for-linus-4.3-rc0-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/xen/tip: (33 commits)
  xen: switch extra memory accounting to use pfns
  xen: limit memory to architectural maximum
  xen: avoid another early crash of memory limited dom0
  xen: avoid early crash of memory limited dom0
  arm/xen: Remove helpers which are PV specific
  xen/x86: Don't try to set PCE bit in CR4
  xen/PMU: PMU emulation code
  xen/PMU: Intercept PMU-related MSR and APIC accesses
  xen/PMU: Describe vendor-specific PMU registers
  xen/PMU: Initialization code for Xen PMU
  xen/PMU: Sysfs interface for setting Xen PMU mode
  xen: xensyms support
  xen: remove no longer needed p2m.h
  xen: allow more than 512 GB of RAM for 64 bit pv-domains
  xen: move p2m list if conflicting with e820 map
  xen: add explicit memblock_reserve() calls for special pages
  mm: provide early_memremap_ro to establish read-only mapping
  xen: check for initrd conflicting with e820 map
  xen: check pre-allocated page tables for conflict with memory map
  xen: check for kernel memory conflicting with memory layout
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'irq-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Tue, 8 Sep 2015 18:36:56 +0000 (11:36 -0700)]
Merge branch 'irq-core-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull more irq updates from Thomas Gleixner:
 "The second part of irq related updates:

   - Provide EOImode for GIC[V3] irq chips, which is a prerequisite for
     direct interrupt handling in [KVM] guests"

* 'irq-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  irqchip/GIC: Fix EOImode setting for non-DT/ACPI systems
  irqchip/GIC: Don't deactivate interrupts forwarded to a guest
  irqchip/GIC: Convert to EOImode == 1
  irqchip/GICv3: Don't deactivate interrupts forwarded to a guest
  irqchip/GICv3: Convert to EOImode == 1

6 years agoMerge branch 'for-next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gerg/m68knommu
Linus Torvalds [Tue, 8 Sep 2015 18:31:33 +0000 (11:31 -0700)]
Merge branch 'for-next' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/gerg/m68knommu

Pull m68k/colfire fixes from Greg Ungerer:
 "Only a couple of patches this time.  One migrating the clock driver
  code to the new set-state interface.  The other cleaning up to use the
  PFN_DOWN macro"

* 'for-next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gerg/m68knommu:
  m68k/coldfire: use PFN_DOWN macro
  m68k/coldfire/pit: Migrate to new 'set-state' interface

6 years agoMerge tag 'ecryptfs-4.3-rc1-stale-dcache' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kerne...
Linus Torvalds [Tue, 8 Sep 2015 18:26:17 +0000 (11:26 -0700)]
Merge tag 'ecryptfs-4.3-rc1-stale-dcache' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tyhicks/ecryptfs

Pull ecryptfs fixes from Tyler Hicks:
 "Invalidate stale eCryptfs dcache entries caused by unlinked lower
  inodes"

* tag 'ecryptfs-4.3-rc1-stale-dcache' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tyhicks/ecryptfs:
  eCryptfs: Delete a check before the function call "key_put"
  eCryptfs: Invalidate dcache entries when lower i_nlink is zero

6 years agoMerge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Tue, 8 Sep 2015 18:20:39 +0000 (11:20 -0700)]
Merge git://git./linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6

Pull crypto fix from Herbert Xu:
 "This fixes a memory corruption bug in ghash-clmulni-intel due to
  insufficient memory allocation"

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6:
  crypto: ghash-clmulni: specify context size for ghash async algorithm

6 years agouserfaultfd: selftest: update userfaultfd x86 32bit syscall number
Andrea Arcangeli [Wed, 29 Jul 2015 16:53:17 +0000 (18:53 +0200)]
userfaultfd: selftest: update userfaultfd x86 32bit syscall number

It changed as result of other syscalls, and while the system call list
itself was correctly updated, the selftest program was not.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoxen: switch extra memory accounting to use pfns
Juergen Gross [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 12:05:51 +0000 (14:05 +0200)]
xen: switch extra memory accounting to use pfns

Instead of using physical addresses for accounting of extra memory
areas available for ballooning switch to pfns as this is much less
error prone regarding partial pages.

Reported-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>
Tested-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>
Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: David Vrabel <david.vrabel@citrix.com>
6 years agoxen: limit memory to architectural maximum
Juergen Gross [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 12:18:08 +0000 (14:18 +0200)]
xen: limit memory to architectural maximum

When a pv-domain (including dom0) is started it tries to size it's
p2m list according to the maximum possible memory amount it ever can
achieve. Limit the initial maximum memory size to the architectural
limit of the hardware in order to avoid overflows during remapping
of memory.

This problem will occur when dom0 is started with an initial memory
size being a multiple of 1GB, but without specifying it's maximum
memory size. The kernel must be configured without
CONFIG_XEN_BALLOON_MEMORY_HOTPLUG for the problem to happen.

Reported-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>
Tested-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>
Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: David Vrabel <david.vrabel@citrix.com>
6 years agoxen: avoid another early crash of memory limited dom0
Juergen Gross [Wed, 19 Aug 2015 16:53:11 +0000 (18:53 +0200)]
xen: avoid another early crash of memory limited dom0

Commit b1c9f169047b ("xen: split counting of extra memory pages...")
introduced an error when dom0 was started with limited memory occurring
only on some hardware.

The problem arises in case dom0 is started with initial memory and
maximum memory being the same. The kernel must be configured without
CONFIG_XEN_BALLOON_MEMORY_HOTPLUG for the problem to happen. If all
of this is true and the E820 map of the machine is sparse (some areas
are not covered) then the machine might crash early in the boot
process.

An example E820 map triggering the problem looks like this:

[    0.000000] e820: BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x000000000009d7ff] usable
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x000000000009d800-0x000000000009ffff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000000e0000-0x00000000000fffff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000100000-0x00000000cf7fafff] usable
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cf7fb000-0x00000000cf95ffff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cf960000-0x00000000cfb62fff] ACPI NVS
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfb63000-0x00000000cfd14fff] usable
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfd15000-0x00000000cfd61fff] ACPI NVS
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfd62000-0x00000000cfd6cfff] ACPI data
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfd6d000-0x00000000cfd6ffff] ACPI NVS
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfd70000-0x00000000cfd70fff] usable
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfd71000-0x00000000cfea8fff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfea9000-0x00000000cfeb9fff] ACPI NVS
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfeba000-0x00000000cfecafff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfecb000-0x00000000cfecbfff] ACPI NVS
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfecc000-0x00000000cfedbfff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfedc000-0x00000000cfedcfff] ACPI NVS
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfedd000-0x00000000cfeddfff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfede000-0x00000000cfee3fff] ACPI NVS
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfee4000-0x00000000cfef6fff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000cfef7000-0x00000000cfefffff] usable
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000e0000000-0x00000000efffffff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000fec00000-0x00000000fec00fff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000fec10000-0x00000000fec10fff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000fed00000-0x00000000fed00fff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000fed40000-0x00000000fed44fff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000fed61000-0x00000000fed70fff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000fed80000-0x00000000fed8ffff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000ff000000-0x00000000ffffffff] reserved
[    0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000100001000-0x000000020effffff] usable

In this case the area a0000-dffff isn't present in the map. This will
confuse the memory setup of the domain when remapping the memory from
such holes to populated areas.

To avoid the problem the accounting of to be remapped memory has to
count such holes in the E820 map as well.

Reported-by: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: David Vrabel <david.vrabel@citrix.com>
6 years agoxen: avoid early crash of memory limited dom0
Juergen Gross [Wed, 19 Aug 2015 16:52:34 +0000 (18:52 +0200)]
xen: avoid early crash of memory limited dom0

Commit b1c9f169047b ("xen: split counting of extra memory pages...")
introduced an error when dom0 was started with limited memory.

The problem arises in case dom0 is started with initial memory and
maximum memory being the same and exactly a multiple of 1 GB. The
kernel must be configured without CONFIG_XEN_BALLOON_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
for the problem to happen. In this case it will crash very early
during boot due to the virtual mapped p2m list not being large
enough to be able to remap any memory:

(XEN) Freed 304kB init memory.
mapping kernel into physical memory
about to get started...
(XEN) traps.c:459:d0v0 Unhandled invalid opcode fault/trap [#6] on VCPU 0 [ec=0000]
(XEN) domain_crash_sync called from entry.S: fault at ffff82d080229a93 create_bounce_frame+0x12b/0x13a
(XEN) Domain 0 (vcpu#0) crashed on cpu#0:
(XEN) ----[ Xen-4.5.2-pre  x86_64  debug=n Not tainted ]----
(XEN) CPU:    0
(XEN) RIP:    e033:[<ffffffff81d120cb>]
(XEN) RFLAGS: 0000000000000206   EM: 1 CONTEXT: pv guest (d0v0)
(XEN) rax: ffffffff81db2000   rbx: 000000004d000000   rcx: 0000000000000000
(XEN) rdx: 000000004d000000   rsi: 0000000000063000   rdi: 000000004d063000
(XEN) rbp: ffffffff81c03d78   rsp: ffffffff81c03d28   r8:  0000000000023000
(XEN) r9:  00000001040ff000   r10: 0000000000007ff0   r11: 0000000000000000
(XEN) r12: 0000000000063000   r13: 000000000004d000   r14: 0000000000000063
(XEN) r15: 0000000000000063   cr0: 0000000080050033   cr4: 00000000000006f0
(XEN) cr3: 0000000105c0f000   cr2: ffffc90000268000
(XEN) ds: 0000   es: 0000   fs: 0000   gs: 0000   ss: e02b   cs: e033
(XEN) Guest stack trace from rsp=ffffffff81c03d28:
(XEN)   0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffffffff81d120cb 000000010000e030
(XEN)   0000000000010006 ffffffff81c03d68 000000000000e02b ffffffffffffffff
(XEN)   0000000000000063 000000000004d063 ffffffff81c03de8 ffffffff81d130a7
(XEN)   ffffffff81c03de8 000000000004d000 00000001040ff000 0000000000105db1
(XEN)   00000001040ff001 000000000004d062 ffff8800092d6ff8 0000000002027000
(XEN)   ffff8800094d8340 ffff8800092d6ff8 00003ffffffff000 ffff8800092d7ff8
(XEN)   ffffffff81c03e48 ffffffff81d13c43 ffff8800094d8000 ffff8800094d9000
(XEN)   0000000000000000 ffff8800092d6000 00000000092d6000 000000004cfbf000
(XEN)   00000000092d6000 00000000052d5442 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
(XEN)   ffffffff81c03ed8 ffffffff81d185c1 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
(XEN)   ffffffff81c03e78 ffffffff810f8ca4 ffffffff81c03ed8 ffffffff8171a15d
(XEN)   0000000000000010 ffffffff81c03ee8 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
(XEN)   ffffffff81f0e402 ffffffffffffffff ffffffff81dae900 0000000000000000
(XEN)   0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffffffff81c03f28 ffffffff81d0cf0f
(XEN)   0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffffffff81db82e0
(XEN)   0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
(XEN)   ffffffff81c03f38 ffffffff81d0c603 ffffffff81c03ff8 ffffffff81d11c86
(XEN)   0300000100000032 0000000000000005 0000000000000020 0000000000000000
(XEN)   0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
(XEN)   0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
(XEN) Domain 0 crashed: rebooting machine in 5 seconds.

This can be avoided by allocating aneough space for the p2m to cover
the maximum memory of dom0 plus the identity mapped holes required
for PCI space, BIOS etc.

Reported-by: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: David Vrabel <david.vrabel@citrix.com>
6 years agoMerge tag 'nfs-for-4.3-1' of git://git.linux-nfs.org/projects/trondmy/linux-nfs
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 7 Sep 2015 21:02:24 +0000 (14:02 -0700)]
Merge tag 'nfs-for-4.3-1' of git://git.linux-nfs.org/projects/trondmy/linux-nfs

Pull NFS client updates from Trond Myklebust:
 "Highlights include:

  Stable patches:
   - Fix atomicity of pNFS commit list updates
   - Fix NFSv4 handling of open(O_CREAT|O_EXCL|O_RDONLY)
   - nfs_set_pgio_error sometimes misses errors
   - Fix a thinko in xs_connect()
   - Fix borkage in _same_data_server_addrs_locked()
   - Fix a NULL pointer dereference of migration recovery ops for v4.2
     client
   - Don't let the ctime override attribute barriers.
   - Revert "NFSv4: Remove incorrect check in can_open_delegated()"
   - Ensure flexfiles pNFS driver updates the inode after write finishes
   - flexfiles must not pollute the attribute cache with attrbutes from
     the DS
   - Fix a protocol error in layoutreturn
   - Fix a protocol issue with NFSv4.1 CLOSE stateids

  Bugfixes + cleanups
   - pNFS blocks bugfixes from Christoph
   - Various cleanups from Anna
   - More fixes for delegation corner cases
   - Don't fsync twice for O_SYNC/IS_SYNC files
   - Fix pNFS and flexfiles layoutstats bugs
   - pnfs/flexfiles: avoid duplicate tracking of mirror data
   - pnfs: Fix layoutget/layoutreturn/return-on-close serialisation
     issues
   - pnfs/flexfiles: error handling retries a layoutget before fallback
     to MDS

  Features:
   - Full support for the OPEN NFS4_CREATE_EXCLUSIVE4_1 mode from
     Kinglong
   - More RDMA client transport improvements from Chuck
   - Removal of the deprecated ib_reg_phys_mr() and ib_rereg_phys_mr()
     verbs from the SUNRPC, Lustre and core infiniband tree.
   - Optimise away the close-to-open getattr if there is no cached data"

* tag 'nfs-for-4.3-1' of git://git.linux-nfs.org/projects/trondmy/linux-nfs: (108 commits)
  NFSv4: Respect the server imposed limit on how many changes we may cache
  NFSv4: Express delegation limit in units of pages
  Revert "NFS: Make close(2) asynchronous when closing NFS O_DIRECT files"
  NFS: Optimise away the close-to-open getattr if there is no cached data
  NFSv4.1/flexfiles: Clean up ff_layout_write_done_cb/ff_layout_commit_done_cb
  NFSv4.1/flexfiles: Mark the layout for return in ff_layout_io_track_ds_error()
  nfs: Remove unneeded checking of the return value from scnprintf
  nfs: Fix truncated client owner id without proto type
  NFSv4.1/flexfiles: Mark layout for return if the mirrors are invalid
  NFSv4.1/flexfiles: RW layouts are valid only if all mirrors are valid
  NFSv4.1/flexfiles: Fix incorrect usage of pnfs_generic_mark_devid_invalid()
  NFSv4.1/flexfiles: Fix freeing of mirrors
  NFSv4.1/pNFS: Don't request a minimal read layout beyond the end of file
  NFSv4.1/pnfs: Handle LAYOUTGET return values correctly
  NFSv4.1/pnfs: Don't ask for a read layout for an empty file.
  NFSv4.1: Fix a protocol issue with CLOSE stateids
  NFSv4.1/flexfiles: Don't mark the entire deviceid as bad for file errors
  SUNRPC: Prevent SYN+SYNACK+RST storms
  SUNRPC: xs_reset_transport must mark the connection as disconnected
  NFSv4.1/pnfs: Ensure layoutreturn reserves space for the opaque payload
  ...

6 years agoMerge tag 'xfs-for-linus-4.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dgc...
Linus Torvalds [Mon, 7 Sep 2015 20:28:32 +0000 (13:28 -0700)]
Merge tag 'xfs-for-linus-4.3' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/dgc/linux-xfs

Pull xfs updates from Dave Chinner:
 "There isn't a whole lot to this update - it's mostly bug fixes and
  they are spread pretty much all over XFS.  There are some corruption
  fixes, some fixes for log recovery, some fixes that prevent unount
  from hanging, a lockdep annotation rework for inode locking to prevent
  false positives and the usual random bunch of cleanups and minor
  improvements.

  Deatils:

   - large rework of EFI/EFD lifecycle handling to fix log recovery
     corruption issues, crashes and unmount hangs

   - separate metadata UUID on disk to enable changing boot label UUID
     for v5 filesystems

   - fixes for gcc miscompilation on certain platforms and optimisation
     levels

   - remote attribute allocation and recovery corruption fixes

   - inode lockdep annotation rework to fix bugs with too many
     subclasses

   - directory inode locking changes to prevent lockdep false positives

   - a handful of minor corruption fixes

   - various other small cleanups and bug fixes"

* tag 'xfs-for-linus-4.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dgc/linux-xfs: (42 commits)
  xfs: fix error gotos in xfs_setattr_nonsize
  xfs: add mssing inode cache attempts counter increment
  xfs: return errors from partial I/O failures to files
  libxfs: bad magic number should set da block buffer error
  xfs: fix non-debug build warnings
  xfs: collapse allocsize and biosize mount option handling
  xfs: Fix file type directory corruption for btree directories
  xfs: lockdep annotations throw warnings on non-debug builds
  xfs: Fix uninitialized return value in xfs_alloc_fix_freelist()
  xfs: inode lockdep annotations broke non-lockdep build
  xfs: flush entire file on dio read/write to cached file
  xfs: Fix xfs_attr_leafblock definition
  libxfs: readahead of dir3 data blocks should use the read verifier
  xfs: stop holding ILOCK over filldir callbacks
  xfs: clean up inode lockdep annotations
  xfs: swap leaf buffer into path struct atomically during path shift
  xfs: relocate sparse inode mount warning
  xfs: dquots should be stamped with sb_meta_uuid
  xfs: log recovery needs to validate against sb_meta_uuid
  xfs: growfs not aware of sb_meta_uuid
  ...

6 years agoNFSv4: Respect the server imposed limit on how many changes we may cache
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 5 Sep 2015 23:06:58 +0000 (19:06 -0400)]
NFSv4: Respect the server imposed limit on how many changes we may cache

The NFSv4 delegation spec allows the server to tell a client to limit how
much data it cache after the file is closed. In return, the server
guarantees enough free space to avoid ENOSPC situations, etc.
Prior to this patch, we assumed we could always cache aggressively after
close. Unfortunately, this causes problems with servers that set the
limit to 0 and therefore do not offer any ENOSPC guarantees.

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@primarydata.com>
6 years agoNFSv4: Express delegation limit in units of pages
Trond Myklebust [Sat, 5 Sep 2015 23:06:57 +0000 (19:06 -0400)]
NFSv4: Express delegation limit in units of pages

Since we're tracking modifications to the page cache on a per-page
basis, it makes sense to express the limit to how much we may cache
in units of pages.

Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@primarydata.com>
6 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 6 Sep 2015 03:34:28 +0000 (20:34 -0700)]
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs

Pull vfs updates from Al Viro:
 "In this one:

   - d_move fixes (Eric Biederman)

   - UFS fixes (me; locking is mostly sane now, a bunch of bugs in error
     handling ought to be fixed)

   - switch of sb_writers to percpu rwsem (Oleg Nesterov)

   - superblock scalability (Josef Bacik and Dave Chinner)

   - swapon(2) race fix (Hugh Dickins)"

* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (65 commits)
  vfs: Test for and handle paths that are unreachable from their mnt_root
  dcache: Reduce the scope of i_lock in d_splice_alias
  dcache: Handle escaped paths in prepend_path
  mm: fix potential data race in SyS_swapon
  inode: don't softlockup when evicting inodes
  inode: rename i_wb_list to i_io_list
  sync: serialise per-superblock sync operations
  inode: convert inode_sb_list_lock to per-sb
  inode: add hlist_fake to avoid the inode hash lock in evict
  writeback: plug writeback at a high level
  change sb_writers to use percpu_rw_semaphore
  shift percpu_counter_destroy() into destroy_super_work()
  percpu-rwsem: kill CONFIG_PERCPU_RWSEM
  percpu-rwsem: introduce percpu_rwsem_release() and percpu_rwsem_acquire()
  percpu-rwsem: introduce percpu_down_read_trylock()
  document rwsem_release() in sb_wait_write()
  fix the broken lockdep logic in __sb_start_write()
  introduce __sb_writers_{acquired,release}() helpers
  ufs_inode_get{frag,block}(): get rid of 'phys' argument
  ufs_getfrag_block(): tidy up a bit
  ...

6 years agoMerge tag 'for-linus-4.3-merge-window-part-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 6 Sep 2015 03:33:10 +0000 (20:33 -0700)]
Merge tag 'for-linus-4.3-merge-window-part-1' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/ericvh/v9fs

Pull 9p updates from Eric Van Hensbergen:
 "Just a few cleanups for 4.3 merge window for the 9p file system.  I've
  gotten several more over the past week, but this group has been in
  for-next for at least a couple of weeks so I figured I'd push them
  first while I test the rest.

  Most of the ones not in this set are bug-fixes anyways so I could hold
  them for rc1"

* tag 'for-linus-4.3-merge-window-part-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ericvh/v9fs:
  9p: fix return code of read() when count is 0
  9p: remove unused option Opt_trans

6 years agoMerge tag 'media/v4.3-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mchehab...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 6 Sep 2015 01:21:14 +0000 (18:21 -0700)]
Merge tag 'media/v4.3-1' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/mchehab/linux-media

Pull media updates from Mauro Carvalho Chehab:
 - new DVB frontend drivers: ascot2e, cxd2841er, horus3a, lnbh25
 - new HDMI capture driver: tc358743
 - new driver for NetUP DVB new boards (netup_unidvb)
 - IR support for DVBSky cards (smipcie-ir)
 - Coda driver has gain macroblock tiling support
 - Renesas R-Car gains JPEG codec driver
 - new DVB platform driver for STi boards: c8sectpfe
 - added documentation for the media core kABI to device-drivers DocBook
 - lots of driver fixups, cleanups and improvements

* tag 'media/v4.3-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mchehab/linux-media: (297 commits)
  [media] c8sectpfe: Remove select on undefined LIBELF_32
  [media] i2c: fix platform_no_drv_owner.cocci warnings
  [media] cx231xx: Use wake_up_interruptible() instead of wake_up_interruptible_nr()
  [media] tc358743: only queue subdev notifications if devnode is set
  [media] tc358743: add missing Kconfig dependency/select
  [media] c8sectpfe: Use %pad to print 'dma_addr_t'
  [media] DocBook media: Fix typo "the the" in xml files
  [media] tc358743: make reset gpio optional
  [media] tc358743: set direction of reset gpio using devm_gpiod_get
  [media] dvbdev: document most of the functions/data structs
  [media] dvb_frontend.h: document the struct dvb_frontend
  [media] dvb-frontend.h: document struct dtv_frontend_properties
  [media] dvb-frontend.h: document struct dvb_frontend_ops
  [media] dvb: Use DVBFE_ALGO_HW where applicable
  [media] dvb_frontend.h: document struct analog_demod_ops
  [media] dvb_frontend.h: Document struct dvb_tuner_ops
  [media] Docbook: Document struct analog_parameters
  [media] dvb_frontend.h: get rid of dvbfe_modcod
  [media] add documentation for struct dvb_tuner_info
  [media] dvb_frontend: document dvb_frontend_tune_settings
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'mailbox-for-next' of git://git.linaro.org/landing-teams/working/fujitsu...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 6 Sep 2015 01:11:04 +0000 (18:11 -0700)]
Merge branch 'mailbox-for-next' of git://git.linaro.org/landing-teams/working/fujitsu/integration

Pull mailbox updates from Jassi Brar:
 "Mainly we move from jiffy based timer to HRTIMER for finer control
  over polling.  Then a controller reduces its polling period from 10 to
  1ms"

* 'mailbox-for-next' of git://git.linaro.org/landing-teams/working/fujitsu/integration:
  mailbox: arm_mhu: reduce txpoll_period from 10ms to 1 ms
  mailbox: switch to hrtimer for tx_complete polling
  mailbox: Drop owner assignment from platform_driver

6 years agoMerge tag 'md/4.3' of git://neil.brown.name/md
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 6 Sep 2015 00:52:22 +0000 (17:52 -0700)]
Merge tag 'md/4.3' of git://neil.brown.name/md

Pull md updates from Neil Brown:

 - an assortment of little fixes, several for minor races only likely to
   be hit during testing

 - further cluster-md-raid1 development, not ready for real use yet.

 - new RAID6 syndrome code for ARM NEON

 - fix a race where a write can return before failure of one device is
   properly recorded in metadata, so an immediate crash might result in
   that write being lost.

* tag 'md/4.3' of git://neil.brown.name/md: (33 commits)
  md/raid5: ensure device failure recorded before write request returns.
  md/raid5: use bio_list for the list of bios to return.
  md/raid10: ensure device failure recorded before write request returns.
  md/raid1: ensure device failure recorded before write request returns.
  md-cluster: remove inappropriate try_module_get from join()
  md: extend spinlock protection in register_md_cluster_operations
  md-cluster: Read the disk bitmap sb and check if it needs recovery
  md-cluster: only call complete(&cinfo->completion) when node join cluster
  md-cluster: add missed lockres_free
  md-cluster: remove the unused sb_lock
  md-cluster: init suspend_list and suspend_lock early in join
  md-cluster: add the error check if failed to get dlm lock
  md-cluster: init completion within lockres_init
  md-cluster: fix deadlock issue on message lock
  md-cluster: transfer the resync ownership to another node
  md-cluster: split recover_slot for future code reuse
  md-cluster: use %pU to print UUIDs
  md: setup safemode_timer before it's being used
  md/raid5: handle possible race as reshape completes.
  md: sync sync_completed has correct value as recovery finishes.
  ...

6 years agoMerge tag 'nfsd-4.3' of git://linux-nfs.org/~bfields/linux
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 6 Sep 2015 00:26:24 +0000 (17:26 -0700)]
Merge tag 'nfsd-4.3' of git://linux-nfs.org/~bfields/linux

Pull nfsd updates from Bruce Fields:
 "Nothing major, but:

   - Add Jeff Layton as an nfsd co-maintainer: no change to existing
     practice, just an acknowledgement of the status quo.

   - Two patches ("nfsd: ensure that...") for a race overlooked by the
     state locking rewrite, causing a crash noticed by multiple users.

   - Lots of smaller bugfixes all over from Kinglong Mee.

   - From Jeff, some cleanup of server rpc code in preparation for
     possible shift of nfsd threads to workqueues"

* tag 'nfsd-4.3' of git://linux-nfs.org/~bfields/linux: (52 commits)
  nfsd: deal with DELEGRETURN racing with CB_RECALL
  nfsd: return CLID_INUSE for unexpected SETCLIENTID_CONFIRM case
  nfsd: ensure that delegation stateid hash references are only put once
  nfsd: ensure that the ol stateid hash reference is only put once
  net: sunrpc: fix tracepoint Warning: unknown op '->'
  nfsd: allow more than one laundry job to run at a time
  nfsd: don't WARN/backtrace for invalid container deployment.
  fs: fix fs/locks.c kernel-doc warning
  nfsd: Add Jeff Layton as co-maintainer
  NFSD: Return word2 bitmask if setting security label in OPEN/CREATE
  NFSD: Set the attributes used to store the verifier for EXCLUSIVE4_1
  nfsd: SUPPATTR_EXCLCREAT must be encoded before SECURITY_LABEL.
  nfsd: Fix an FS_LAYOUT_TYPES/LAYOUT_TYPES encode bug
  NFSD: Store parent's stat in a separate value
  nfsd: Fix two typos in comments
  lockd: NLM grace period shouldn't block NFSv4 opens
  nfsd: include linux/nfs4.h in export.h
  sunrpc: Switch to using hash list instead single list
  sunrpc/nfsd: Remove redundant code by exports seq_operations functions
  sunrpc: Store cache_detail in seq_file's private directly
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'for-linus-4.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mason...
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 5 Sep 2015 22:14:43 +0000 (15:14 -0700)]
Merge branch 'for-linus-4.3' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/mason/linux-btrfs

Pull btrfs updates from Chris Mason:
 "This has Jeff Mahoney's long standing trim patch that fixes corners
  where trims were missing.  Omar has some raid5/6 fixes, especially for
  using scrub and device replace when devices are missing.

  Zhao Lie continues cleaning and fixing things, this series fixes some
  really hard to hit corners in xfstests.  I had to pull it last merge
  window due to some deadlocks, but those are now resolved.

  I added support for Tejun's new blkio controllers.  It seems to work
  well for single devices, we'll expand to multi-device as well"

* 'for-linus-4.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mason/linux-btrfs: (47 commits)
  btrfs: fix compile when block cgroups are not enabled
  Btrfs: fix file read corruption after extent cloning and fsync
  Btrfs: check if previous transaction aborted to avoid fs corruption
  btrfs: use __GFP_NOFAIL in alloc_btrfs_bio
  btrfs: Prevent from early transaction abort
  btrfs: Remove unused arguments in tree-log.c
  btrfs: Remove useless condition in start_log_trans()
  Btrfs: add support for blkio controllers
  Btrfs: remove unused mutex from struct 'btrfs_fs_info'
  Btrfs: fix parity scrub of RAID 5/6 with missing device
  Btrfs: fix device replace of a missing RAID 5/6 device
  Btrfs: add RAID 5/6 BTRFS_RBIO_REBUILD_MISSING operation
  Btrfs: count devices correctly in readahead during RAID 5/6 replace
  Btrfs: remove misleading handling of missing device scrub
  btrfs: fix clone / extent-same deadlocks
  Btrfs: fix defrag to merge tail file extent
  Btrfs: fix warning in backref walking
  btrfs: Add WARN_ON() for double lock in btrfs_tree_lock()
  btrfs: Remove root argument in extent_data_ref_count()
  btrfs: Fix wrong comment of btrfs_alloc_tree_block()
  ...

6 years agoMerge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 5 Sep 2015 21:27:38 +0000 (14:27 -0700)]
Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)

Merge patch-bomb from Andrew Morton:

 - a few misc things

 - Andy's "ambient capabilities"

 - fs/nofity updates

 - the ocfs2 queue

 - kernel/watchdog.c updates and feature work.

 - some of MM.  Includes Andrea's userfaultfd feature.

[ Hadn't noticed that userfaultfd was 'default y' when applying the
  patches, so that got fixed in this merge instead.  We do _not_ mark
  new features that nobody uses yet 'default y'   - Linus ]

* emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (118 commits)
  mm/hugetlb.c: make vma_has_reserves() return bool
  mm/madvise.c: make madvise_behaviour_valid() return bool
  mm/memory.c: make tlb_next_batch() return bool
  mm/dmapool.c: change is_page_busy() return from int to bool
  mm: remove struct node_active_region
  mremap: simplify the "overlap" check in mremap_to()
  mremap: don't do uneccesary checks if new_len == old_len
  mremap: don't do mm_populate(new_addr) on failure
  mm: move ->mremap() from file_operations to vm_operations_struct
  mremap: don't leak new_vma if f_op->mremap() fails
  mm/hugetlb.c: make vma_shareable() return bool
  mm: make GUP handle pfn mapping unless FOLL_GET is requested
  mm: fix status code which move_pages() returns for zero page
  mm: memcontrol: bring back the VM_BUG_ON() in mem_cgroup_swapout()
  genalloc: add support of multiple gen_pools per device
  genalloc: add name arg to gen_pool_get() and devm_gen_pool_create()
  mm/memblock: WARN_ON when nid differs from overlap region
  Documentation/features/vm: add feature description and arch support status for batched TLB flush after unmap
  mm: defer flush of writable TLB entries
  mm: send one IPI per CPU to TLB flush all entries after unmapping pages
  ...

6 years agotask_work: remove fifo ordering guarantee
Eric Dumazet [Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:42:30 +0000 (19:42 -0700)]
task_work: remove fifo ordering guarantee

In commit f341861fb0b ("task_work: add a scheduling point in
task_work_run()") I fixed a latency problem adding a cond_resched()
call.

Later, commit ac3d0da8f329 added yet another loop to reverse a list,
bringing back the latency spike :

I've seen in some cases this loop taking 275 ms, if for example a
process with 2,000,000 files is killed.

We could add yet another cond_resched() in the reverse loop, or we
can simply remove the reversal, as I do not think anything
would depend on order of task_work_add() submitted works.

Fixes: ac3d0da8f329 ("task_work: Make task_work_add() lockless")
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Reported-by: Maciej Żenczykowski <maze@google.com>
Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoMerge linux-block/for-4.3/core into md/for-linux
NeilBrown [Sat, 5 Sep 2015 09:07:04 +0000 (11:07 +0200)]
Merge linux-block/for-4.3/core into md/for-linux

There were a few conflicts that are fairly easy to resolve.

Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com>
6 years agomm/hugetlb.c: make vma_has_reserves() return bool
Nicholas Krause [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:48:27 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm/hugetlb.c: make vma_has_reserves() return bool

This makes vma_has_reserves() return bool due to this particular function
only returning either one or zero as its return value.

Signed-off-by: Nicholas Krause <xerofoify@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm/madvise.c: make madvise_behaviour_valid() return bool
Nicholas Krause [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:48:24 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm/madvise.c: make madvise_behaviour_valid() return bool

This makes the madvise_bahaviour_valid() function return bool due to
this particular function always returning the value of either one or
zero as its return value.

Signed-off-by: Nicholas Krause <xerofoify@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm/memory.c: make tlb_next_batch() return bool
Nicholas Krause [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:48:22 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm/memory.c: make tlb_next_batch() return bool

This makes the tlb_next_batch() bool due to this particular function only
ever returning either one or zero as its return value.

Signed-off-by: Nicholas Krause <xerofoify@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm/dmapool.c: change is_page_busy() return from int to bool
Nicholas Krause [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:48:19 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm/dmapool.c: change is_page_busy() return from int to bool

This makes the function is_page_busy() return bool rather then an int now
due to this particular function's single return statement only ever
evaulating to either one or zero.

Signed-off-by: Nicholas Krause <xerofoify@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm: remove struct node_active_region
minkyung88.kim [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:48:16 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm: remove struct node_active_region

struct node_active_region is not used anymore.  Remove it.

Signed-off-by: minkyung88.kim <minkyung88.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomremap: simplify the "overlap" check in mremap_to()
Oleg Nesterov [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:48:13 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mremap: simplify the "overlap" check in mremap_to()

Minor, but this check is overcomplicated.  Two half-intervals do NOT
overlap if END1 <= START2 || END2 <= START1, mremap_to() just needs to
negate this check.

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Benjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomremap: don't do uneccesary checks if new_len == old_len
Oleg Nesterov [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:48:10 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mremap: don't do uneccesary checks if new_len == old_len

The "new_len > old_len" branch in vma_to_resize() looks very confusing.
It only covers the VM_DONTEXPAND/pgoff checks but everything below is
equally unneeded if new_len == old_len.

Change this code to return if "new_len == old_len", new_len < old_len is
not possible, otherwise the code below is wrong anyway.

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Benjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomremap: don't do mm_populate(new_addr) on failure
Oleg Nesterov [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:48:07 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mremap: don't do mm_populate(new_addr) on failure

move_vma() sets *locked even if move_page_tables() or ->mremap() fails,
change sys_mremap() to check "ret & ~PAGE_MASK".

I think we should simply remove the VM_LOCKED code in move_vma(), that is
why this patch doesn't change move_vma().  But this needs more cleanups.

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Benjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm: move ->mremap() from file_operations to vm_operations_struct
Oleg Nesterov [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:48:04 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mm: move ->mremap() from file_operations to vm_operations_struct

vma->vm_ops->mremap() looks more natural and clean in move_vma(), and this
way ->mremap() can have more users.  Say, vdso.

While at it, s/aio_ring_remap/aio_ring_mremap/.

Note: this is the minimal change before ->mremap() finds another user in
file_operations; this method should have more arguments, and it can be
used to kill arch_remap().

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Benjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomremap: don't leak new_vma if f_op->mremap() fails
Oleg Nesterov [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:48:01 +0000 (15:48 -0700)]
mremap: don't leak new_vma if f_op->mremap() fails

move_vma() can't just return if f_op->mremap() fails, we should unmap the
new vma like we do if move_page_tables() fails.  To avoid the code
duplication this patch moves the "move entries back" under the new "if
(err)" branch.

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Benjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm/hugetlb.c: make vma_shareable() return bool
Nicholas Krause [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:58 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm/hugetlb.c: make vma_shareable() return bool

This makes vma_shareable() return bool now due to this particular function
only ever returning either one or zero as its return value.

Signed-off-by: Nicholas Krause <xerofoify@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm: make GUP handle pfn mapping unless FOLL_GET is requested
Kirill A. Shutemov [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:55 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: make GUP handle pfn mapping unless FOLL_GET is requested

With DAX, pfn mapping becoming more common.  The patch adjusts GUP code to
cover pfn mapping for cases when we don't need struct page to proceed.

To make it possible, let's change follow_page() code to return -EEXIST
error code if proper page table entry exists, but no corresponding struct
page.  __get_user_page() would ignore the error code and move to the next
page frame.

The immediate effect of the change is working MAP_POPULATE and mlock() on
DAX mappings.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix arm64 build]
Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
Acked-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm: fix status code which move_pages() returns for zero page
Kirill A. Shutemov [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:53 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: fix status code which move_pages() returns for zero page

The manpage for move_pages(2) specifies that status code for zero page is
supposed to be -EFAULT.  Currently kernel return -ENOENT in this case.

follow_page() can do it for us, if we would ask for FOLL_DUMP.  The use of
FOLL_DUMP also means that the upper layer page tables pages are no longer
allocated.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm: memcontrol: bring back the VM_BUG_ON() in mem_cgroup_swapout()
Sebastian Andrzej Siewior [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:50 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: memcontrol: bring back the VM_BUG_ON() in mem_cgroup_swapout()

Clark stumbled over a VM_BUG_ON() in -RT which was then was removed by
Johannes in commit f371763a79d ("mm: memcontrol: fix false-positive
VM_BUG_ON() on -rt").  The comment before that patch was a tiny bit better
than it is now.  While the patch claimed to fix a false-postive on -RT
this was not the case.  None of the -RT folks ACKed it and it was not a
false positive report.  That was a *real* problem.

This patch updates the comment that is improper because it refers to
"disabled preemption" as a consequence of that lock being taken.  A
spin_lock() disables preemption, true, but in this case the code relies on
the fact that the lock _also_ disables interrupts once it is acquired.
And this is the important detail (which was checked the VM_BUG_ON()) which
needs to be pointed out.  This is the hint one needs while looking at the
code.  It was explained by Johannes on the list that the per-CPU variables
are protected by local_irq_save().  The BUG_ON() was helpful.  This code
has been workarounded in -RT in the meantime.  I wouldn't mind running
into more of those if the code in question uses *special* kind of locking
since now there is no verification (in terms of lockdep or BUG_ON()) and
therefore I bring the VM_BUG_ON() check back in.

The two functions after the comment could also have a "local_irq_save()"
dance around them in order to serialize access to the per-CPU variables.
This has been avoided because the interrupts should be off.

Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Clark Williams <williams@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agogenalloc: add support of multiple gen_pools per device
Vladimir Zapolskiy [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:47 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
genalloc: add support of multiple gen_pools per device

This change fills devm_gen_pool_create()/gen_pool_get() "name" argument
stub with contents and extends of_gen_pool_get() functionality on this
basis.

If there is no associated platform device with a device node passed to
of_gen_pool_get(), the function attempts to get a label property or device
node name (= repeats MTD OF partition standard) and seeks for a named
gen_pool registered by device of the parent device node.

The main idea of the change is to allow registration of independent
gen_pools under the same umbrella device, say "partitions" on "storage
device", the original functionality of one "partition" per "storage
device" is untouched.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix constness in devres_find()]
[dan.carpenter@oracle.com: freeing const data pointers]
Signed-off-by: Vladimir Zapolskiy <vladimir_zapolskiy@mentor.com>
Cc: Philipp Zabel <p.zabel@pengutronix.de>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Nicolas Ferre <nicolas.ferre@atmel.com>
Cc: Alexandre Belloni <alexandre.belloni@free-electrons.com>
Cc: Jean-Christophe Plagniol-Villard <plagnioj@jcrosoft.com>
Cc: Shawn Guo <shawnguo@kernel.org>
Cc: Sascha Hauer <kernel@pengutronix.de>
Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@osg.samsung.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agogenalloc: add name arg to gen_pool_get() and devm_gen_pool_create()
Vladimir Zapolskiy [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:43 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
genalloc: add name arg to gen_pool_get() and devm_gen_pool_create()

This change modifies gen_pool_get() and devm_gen_pool_create() client
interfaces adding one more argument "name" of a gen_pool object.

Due to implementation gen_pool_get() is capable to retrieve only one
gen_pool associated with a device even if multiple gen_pools are created,
fortunately right at the moment it is sufficient for the clients, hence
provide NULL as a valid argument on both producer devm_gen_pool_create()
and consumer gen_pool_get() sides.

Because only one created gen_pool per device is addressable, explicitly
add a restriction to devm_gen_pool_create() to create only one gen_pool
per device, this implies two possible error codes returned by the
function, account it on client side (only misc/sram).  This completes
client side changes related to genalloc updates.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: gen_pool_get() cleanup]
Signed-off-by: Vladimir Zapolskiy <vladimir_zapolskiy@mentor.com>
Cc: Philipp Zabel <p.zabel@pengutronix.de>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Nicolas Ferre <nicolas.ferre@atmel.com>
Cc: Alexandre Belloni <alexandre.belloni@free-electrons.com>
Cc: Jean-Christophe Plagniol-Villard <plagnioj@jcrosoft.com>
Cc: Shawn Guo <shawnguo@kernel.org>
Cc: Sascha Hauer <kernel@pengutronix.de>
Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@osg.samsung.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm/memblock: WARN_ON when nid differs from overlap region
Wei Yang [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:38 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm/memblock: WARN_ON when nid differs from overlap region

Each memblock_region has nid to indicates the Node ID of this range.  For
the overlap case, memblock_add_range() inserts the lower part and leave
the upper part as indicated in the overlapped region.

If the nid of the new range differs from the overlapped region, the
information recorded is not correct.

This patch adds a WARN_ON when the nid of the new range differs from the
overlapped region.

Signed-off-by: Wei Yang <weiyang@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoDocumentation/features/vm: add feature description and arch support status for batche...
Mel Gorman [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:38 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
Documentation/features/vm: add feature description and arch support status for batched TLB flush after unmap

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm: defer flush of writable TLB entries
Mel Gorman [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:35 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: defer flush of writable TLB entries

If a PTE is unmapped and it's dirty then it was writable recently.  Due to
deferred TLB flushing, it's best to assume a writable TLB cache entry
exists.  With that assumption, the TLB must be flushed before any IO can
start or the page is freed to avoid lost writes or data corruption.  This
patch defers flushing of potentially writable TLBs as long as possible.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm: send one IPI per CPU to TLB flush all entries after unmapping pages
Mel Gorman [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:32 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
mm: send one IPI per CPU to TLB flush all entries after unmapping pages

An IPI is sent to flush remote TLBs when a page is unmapped that was
potentially accesssed by other CPUs.  There are many circumstances where
this happens but the obvious one is kswapd reclaiming pages belonging to a
running process as kswapd and the task are likely running on separate
CPUs.

On small machines, this is not a significant problem but as machine gets
larger with more cores and more memory, the cost of these IPIs can be
high.  This patch uses a simple structure that tracks CPUs that
potentially have TLB entries for pages being unmapped.  When the unmapping
is complete, the full TLB is flushed on the assumption that a refill cost
is lower than flushing individual entries.

Architectures wishing to do this must give the following guarantee.

        If a clean page is unmapped and not immediately flushed, the
        architecture must guarantee that a write to that linear address
        from a CPU with a cached TLB entry will trap a page fault.

This is essentially what the kernel already depends on but the window is
much larger with this patch applied and is worth highlighting.  The
architecture should consider whether the cost of the full TLB flush is
higher than sending an IPI to flush each individual entry.  An additional
architecture helper called flush_tlb_local is required.  It's a trivial
wrapper with some accounting in the x86 case.

The impact of this patch depends on the workload as measuring any benefit
requires both mapped pages co-located on the LRU and memory pressure.  The
case with the biggest impact is multiple processes reading mapped pages
taken from the vm-scalability test suite.  The test case uses NR_CPU
readers of mapped files that consume 10*RAM.

Linear mapped reader on a 4-node machine with 64G RAM and 48 CPUs

                                           4.2.0-rc1          4.2.0-rc1
                                             vanilla       flushfull-v7
Ops lru-file-mmap-read-elapsed      159.62 (  0.00%)   120.68 ( 24.40%)
Ops lru-file-mmap-read-time_range    30.59 (  0.00%)     2.80 ( 90.85%)
Ops lru-file-mmap-read-time_stddv     6.70 (  0.00%)     0.64 ( 90.38%)

           4.2.0-rc1    4.2.0-rc1
             vanilla flushfull-v7
User          581.00       611.43
System       5804.93      4111.76
Elapsed       161.03       122.12

This is showing that the readers completed 24.40% faster with 29% less
system CPU time.  From vmstats, it is known that the vanilla kernel was
interrupted roughly 900K times per second during the steady phase of the
test and the patched kernel was interrupts 180K times per second.

The impact is lower on a single socket machine.

                                           4.2.0-rc1          4.2.0-rc1
                                             vanilla       flushfull-v7
Ops lru-file-mmap-read-elapsed       25.33 (  0.00%)    20.38 ( 19.54%)
Ops lru-file-mmap-read-time_range     0.91 (  0.00%)     1.44 (-58.24%)
Ops lru-file-mmap-read-time_stddv     0.28 (  0.00%)     0.47 (-65.34%)

           4.2.0-rc1    4.2.0-rc1
             vanilla flushfull-v7
User           58.09        57.64
System        111.82        76.56
Elapsed        27.29        22.55

It's still a noticeable improvement with vmstat showing interrupts went
from roughly 500K per second to 45K per second.

The patch will have no impact on workloads with no memory pressure or have
relatively few mapped pages.  It will have an unpredictable impact on the
workload running on the CPU being flushed as it'll depend on how many TLB
entries need to be refilled and how long that takes.  Worst case, the TLB
will be completely cleared of active entries when the target PFNs were not
resident at all.

[sasha.levin@oracle.com: trace tlb flush after disabling preemption in try_to_unmap_flush]
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agox86, mm: trace when an IPI is about to be sent
Mel Gorman [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:29 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
x86, mm: trace when an IPI is about to be sent

When unmapping pages it is necessary to flush the TLB.  If that page was
accessed by another CPU then an IPI is used to flush the remote CPU.  That
is a lot of IPIs if kswapd is scanning and unmapping >100K pages per
second.

There already is a window between when a page is unmapped and when it is
TLB flushed.  This series increases the window so multiple pages can be
flushed using a single IPI.  This should be safe or the kernel is hosed
already.

Patch 1 simply made the rest of the series easier to write as ftrace
        could identify all the senders of TLB flush IPIS.

Patch 2 tracks what CPUs potentially map a PFN and then sends an IPI
        to flush the entire TLB.

Patch 3 tracks when there potentially are writable TLB entries that
        need to be batched differently

Patch 4 increases SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX to further batch flushes

The performance impact is documented in the changelogs but in the optimistic
case on a 4-socket machine the full series reduces interrupts from 900K
interrupts/second to 60K interrupts/second.

This patch (of 4):

It is easy to trace when an IPI is received to flush a TLB but harder to
detect what event sent it.  This patch makes it easy to identify the
source of IPIs being transmitted for TLB flushes on x86.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: selftest
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:23 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
userfaultfd: selftest

This test allocates two virtual areas and bounces the physical memory
across the two virtual areas using only userfaultfd.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah.kh@samsung.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuahkh@osg.samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: avoid missing wakeups during refile in userfaultfd_read
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:23 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
userfaultfd: avoid missing wakeups during refile in userfaultfd_read

During the refile in userfaultfd_read both waitqueues could look empty to
the lockless wake_userfault().  Use a seqcount to prevent this false
negative that could leave an userfault blocked.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: propagate the full address in THP faults
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:20 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
userfaultfd: propagate the full address in THP faults

The THP faults were not propagating the original fault address.  The
latest version of the API with uffd.arg.pagefault.address is supposed to
propagate the full address through THP faults.

This was not a kernel crashing bug and it wouldn't risk to corrupt user
memory, but it would cause a SIGBUS failure because the wrong page was
being copied.

For various reasons this wasn't easily reproducible in the qemu workload,
but the strestest exposed the problem immediately.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: allow signals to interrupt a userfault
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:18 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
userfaultfd: allow signals to interrupt a userfault

This is only simple to achieve if the userfault is going to return to
userland (not to the kernel) because we can avoid returning VM_FAULT_RETRY
despite we temporarily released the mmap_sem.  The fault would just be
retried by userland then.  This is safe at least on x86 and powerpc (the
two archs with the syscall implemented so far).

Hint to verify for which archs this is safe: after handle_mm_fault
returns, no access to data structures protected by the mmap_sem must be
done by the fault code in arch/*/mm/fault.c until up_read(&mm->mmap_sem)
is called.

This has two main benefits: signals can run with lower latency in
production (signals aren't blocked by userfaults and userfaults are
immediately repeated after signal processing) and gdb can then trivially
debug the threads blocked in this kind of userfaults coming directly from
userland.

On a side note: while gdb has a need to get signal processed, coredumps
always worked perfectly with userfaults, no matter if the userfault is
triggered by GUP a kernel copy_user or directly from userland.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: require UFFDIO_API before other ioctls
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:15 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
userfaultfd: require UFFDIO_API before other ioctls

UFFDIO_API was already forced before read/poll could work.  This makes the
code more strict to force it also for all other ioctls.

All users would already have been required to call UFFDIO_API before
invoking other ioctls but this makes it more explicit.

This will ensure we can change all ioctls (all but UFFDIO_API/struct
uffdio_api) with a bump of uffdio_api.api.

There's no actual plan or need to change the API or the ioctl, the current
API already should cover fine even the non cooperative usage, but this is
just for the longer term future just in case.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: UFFDIO_COPY and UFFDIO_ZEROPAGE
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:11 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
userfaultfd: UFFDIO_COPY and UFFDIO_ZEROPAGE

These two ioctl allows to either atomically copy or to map zeropages
into the virtual address space. This is used by the thread that opened
the userfaultfd to resolve the userfaults.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: avoid mmap_sem read recursion in mcopy_atomic
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:08 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
userfaultfd: avoid mmap_sem read recursion in mcopy_atomic

If the rwsem starves writers it wasn't strictly a bug but lockdep
doesn't like it and this avoids depending on lowlevel implementation
details of the lock.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: delete weird BUILD_BUG_ON()]
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: mcopy_atomic|mfill_zeropage: UFFDIO_COPY|UFFDIO_ZEROPAGE preparation
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:04 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
userfaultfd: mcopy_atomic|mfill_zeropage: UFFDIO_COPY|UFFDIO_ZEROPAGE preparation

This implements mcopy_atomic and mfill_zeropage that are the lowlevel
VM methods that are invoked respectively by the UFFDIO_COPY and
UFFDIO_ZEROPAGE userfaultfd commands.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: UFFDIO_COPY|UFFDIO_ZEROPAGE uAPI
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:47:01 +0000 (15:47 -0700)]
userfaultfd: UFFDIO_COPY|UFFDIO_ZEROPAGE uAPI

This implements the uABI of UFFDIO_COPY and UFFDIO_ZEROPAGE.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: activate syscall
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:58 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: activate syscall

This activates the userfaultfd syscall.

[sfr@canb.auug.org.au: activate syscall fix]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: don't enable userfaultfd on powerpc]
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: buildsystem activation
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:54 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: buildsystem activation

This allows to select the userfaultfd during configuration to build it.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: solve the race between UFFDIO_COPY|ZEROPAGE and read
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:51 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: solve the race between UFFDIO_COPY|ZEROPAGE and read

Solve in-kernel the race between UFFDIO_COPY|ZEROPAGE and
userfaultfd_read if they are run on different threads simultaneously.

Until now qemu solved the race in userland: the race was explicitly
and intentionally left for userland to solve. However we can also
solve it in kernel.

Requiring all users to solve this race if they use two threads (one
for the background transfer and one for the userfault reads) isn't
very attractive from an API prospective, furthermore this allows to
remove a whole bunch of mutex and bitmap code from qemu, making it
faster. The cost of __get_user_pages_fast should be insignificant
considering it scales perfectly and the pagetables are already hot in
the CPU cache, compared to the overhead in userland to maintain those
structures.

Applying this patch is backwards compatible with respect to the
userfaultfd userland API, however reverting this change wouldn't be
backwards compatible anymore.

Without this patch qemu in the background transfer thread, has to read
the old state, and do UFFDIO_WAKE if old_state is missing but it
become REQUESTED by the time it tries to set it to RECEIVED (signaling
the other side received an userfault).

    vcpu                background_thr userfault_thr
    -----               -----          -----
    vcpu0 handle_mm_fault()

                        postcopy_place_page
                        read old_state -> MISSING
                        UFFDIO_COPY 0x7fb76a139000 (no wakeup, still pending)

    vcpu0 fault at 0x7fb76a139000 enters handle_userfault
    poll() is kicked

                                        poll() -> POLLIN
                                        read() -> 0x7fb76a139000
                                        postcopy_pmi_change_state(MISSING, REQUESTED) -> REQUESTED

                        tmp_state = postcopy_pmi_change_state(old_state, RECEIVED) -> REQUESTED
                        /* check that no userfault raced with UFFDIO_COPY */
                        if (old_state == MISSING && tmp_state == REQUESTED)
                                UFFDIO_WAKE from background thread

And a second case where a UFFDIO_WAKE would be needed is in the userfault thread:

    vcpu                background_thr userfault_thr
    -----               -----          -----
    vcpu0 handle_mm_fault()

                        postcopy_place_page
                        read old_state -> MISSING
                        UFFDIO_COPY 0x7fb76a139000 (no wakeup, still pending)
                        tmp_state = postcopy_pmi_change_state(old_state, RECEIVED) -> RECEIVED

    vcpu0 fault at 0x7fb76a139000 enters handle_userfault
    poll() is kicked

                                        poll() -> POLLIN
                                        read() -> 0x7fb76a139000

                                        if (postcopy_pmi_change_state(MISSING, REQUESTED) == RECEIVED)
                                                UFFDIO_WAKE from userfault thread

This patch removes the need of both UFFDIO_WAKE and of the associated
per-page tristate as well.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: allocate the userfaultfd_ctx cacheline aligned
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:48 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: allocate the userfaultfd_ctx cacheline aligned

Use proper slab to guarantee alignment.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: optimize read() and poll() to be O(1)
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:44 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: optimize read() and poll() to be O(1)

This makes read O(1) and poll that was already O(1) becomes lockless.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: wake pending userfaults
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:41 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: wake pending userfaults

This is an optimization but it's a userland visible one and it affects
the API.

The downside of this optimization is that if you call poll() and you
get POLLIN, read(ufd) may still return -EAGAIN. The blocked userfault
may be waken by a different thread, before read(ufd) comes
around. This in short means that poll() isn't really usable if the
userfaultfd is opened in blocking mode.

userfaults won't wait in "pending" state to be read anymore and any
UFFDIO_WAKE or similar operations that has the objective of waking
userfaults after their resolution, will wake all blocked userfaults
for the resolved range, including those that haven't been read() by
userland yet.

The behavior of poll() becomes not standard, but this obviates the
need of "spurious" UFFDIO_WAKE and it lets the userland threads to
restart immediately without requiring an UFFDIO_WAKE. This is even
more significant in case of repeated faults on the same address from
multiple threads.

This optimization is justified by the measurement that the number of
spurious UFFDIO_WAKE accounts for 5% and 10% of the total
userfaults for heavy workloads, so it's worth optimizing those away.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: change the read API to return a uffd_msg
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:37 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: change the read API to return a uffd_msg

I had requests to return the full address (not the page aligned one) to
userland.

It's not entirely clear how the page offset could be relevant because
userfaults aren't like SIGBUS that can sigjump to a different place and it
actually skip resolving the fault depending on a page offset.  There's
currently no real way to skip the fault especially because after a
UFFDIO_COPY|ZEROPAGE, the fault is optimized to be retried within the
kernel without having to return to userland first (not even self modifying
code replacing the .text that touched the faulting address would prevent
the fault to be repeated).  Userland cannot skip repeating the fault even
more so if the fault was triggered by a KVM secondary page fault or any
get_user_pages or any copy-user inside some syscall which will return to
kernel code.  The second time FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT won't be set leading
to a SIGBUS being raised because the userfault can't wait if it cannot
release the mmap_map first (and FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT is required for
that).

Still returning userland a proper structure during the read() on the uffd,
can allow to use the current UFFD_API for the future non-cooperative
extensions too and it looks cleaner as well.  Once we get additional
fields there's no point to return the fault address page aligned anymore
to reuse the bits below PAGE_SHIFT.

The only downside is that the read() syscall will read 32bytes instead of
8bytes but that's not going to be measurable overhead.

The total number of new events that can be extended or of new future bits
for already shipped events, is limited to 64 by the features field of the
uffdio_api structure.  If more will be needed a bump of UFFD_API will be
required.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use __packed]
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: Rename uffd_api.bits into .features
Pavel Emelyanov [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:34 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: Rename uffd_api.bits into .features

This is (seems to be) the minimal thing that is required to unblock
standard uffd usage from the non-cooperative one.  Now more bits can be
added to the features field indicating e.g.  UFFD_FEATURE_FORK and others
needed for the latter use-case.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: add new syscall to provide memory externalization
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:31 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: add new syscall to provide memory externalization

Once an userfaultfd has been created and certain region of the process
virtual address space have been registered into it, the thread responsible
for doing the memory externalization can manage the page faults in
userland by talking to the kernel using the userfaultfd protocol.

poll() can be used to know when there are new pending userfaults to be
read (POLLIN).

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Cc: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: prevent khugepaged to merge if userfaultfd is armed
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:27 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: prevent khugepaged to merge if userfaultfd is armed

If userfaultfd is armed on a certain vma we can't "fill" the holes with
zeroes or we'll break the userland on demand paging.  The holes if the
userfault is armed, are really missing information (not zeroes) that the
userland has to load from network or elsewhere.

The same issue happens for wrprotected ptes that we can't just convert
into a single writable pmd_trans_huge.

We could however in theory still merge across zeropages if only
VM_UFFD_MISSING is set (so if VM_UFFD_WP is not set)...  that could be
slightly improved but it'd be much more complex code for a tiny corner
case.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: teach vma_merge to merge across vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:24 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: teach vma_merge to merge across vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx

vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx is yet another vma parameter that vma_merge
must be aware about so that we can merge vmas back like they were
originally before arming the userfaultfd on some memory range.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: call handle_userfault() for userfaultfd_missing() faults
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:20 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: call handle_userfault() for userfaultfd_missing() faults

This is where the page faults must be modified to call
handle_userfault() if userfaultfd_missing() is true (so if the
vma->vm_flags had VM_UFFD_MISSING set).

handle_userfault() then takes care of blocking the page fault and
delivering it to userland.

The fault flags must also be passed as parameter so the "read|write"
kind of fault can be passed to userland.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: add VM_UFFD_MISSING and VM_UFFD_WP
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:17 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: add VM_UFFD_MISSING and VM_UFFD_WP

These two flags gets set in vma->vm_flags to tell the VM common code
if the userfaultfd is armed and in which mode (only tracking missing
faults, only tracking wrprotect faults or both). If neither flags is
set it means the userfaultfd is not armed on the vma.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: add vm_userfaultfd_ctx to the vm_area_struct
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:14 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: add vm_userfaultfd_ctx to the vm_area_struct

This adds the vm_userfaultfd_ctx to the vm_area_struct.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: linux/userfaultfd_k.h
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:10 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: linux/userfaultfd_k.h

Kernel header defining the methods needed by the VM common code to
interact with the userfaultfd.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: uAPI
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:04 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: uAPI

Defines the uAPI of the userfaultfd, notably the ioctl numbers and protocol.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: waitqueue: add nr wake parameter to __wake_up_locked_key
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:04 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: waitqueue: add nr wake parameter to __wake_up_locked_key

userfaultfd needs to wake all waitqueues (pass 0 as nr parameter), instead
of the current hardcoded 1 (that would wake just the first waitqueue in
the head list).

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agouserfaultfd: linux/Documentation/vm/userfaultfd.txt
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:46:00 +0000 (15:46 -0700)]
userfaultfd: linux/Documentation/vm/userfaultfd.txt

This is the latest userfaultfd patchset.  The postcopy live migration
feature on the qemu side is mostly ready to be merged and it entirely
depends on the userfaultfd syscall to be merged as well.  So it'd be great
if this patchset could be reviewed for merging in -mm.

Userfaults allow to implement on demand paging from userland and more
generally they allow userland to more efficiently take control of the
behavior of page faults than what was available before (PROT_NONE +
SIGSEGV trap).

The use cases are:

1) KVM postcopy live migration (one form of cloud memory
   externalization).

   KVM postcopy live migration is the primary driver of this work:

    http://blog.zhaw.ch/icclab/setting-up-post-copy-live-migration-in-openstack/
    http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2015-02/msg04873.html

2) postcopy live migration of binaries inside linux containers:

    http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/132662

3) KVM postcopy live snapshotting (allowing to limit/throttle the
   memory usage, unlike fork would, plus the avoidance of fork
   overhead in the first place).

   While the wrprotect tracking is not implemented yet, the syscall API is
   already contemplating the wrprotect fault tracking and it's generic enough
   to allow its later implementation in a backwards compatible fashion.

4) KVM userfaults on shared memory. The UFFDIO_COPY lowlevel method
   should be extended to work also on tmpfs and then the
   uffdio_register.ioctls will notify userland that UFFDIO_COPY is
   available even when the registered virtual memory range is tmpfs
   backed.

5) alternate mechanism to notify web browsers or apps on embedded
   devices that volatile pages have been reclaimed. This basically
   avoids the need to run a syscall before the app can access with the
   CPU the virtual regions marked volatile. This depends on point 4)
   to be fulfilled first, as volatile pages happily apply to tmpfs.

Even though there wasn't a real use case requesting it yet, it also
allows to implement distributed shared memory in a way that readonly
shared mappings can exist simultaneously in different hosts and they
can be become exclusive at the first wrprotect fault.

This patch (of 22):

Add documentation.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com>
Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm/slab.h: fix argument order in cache_from_obj's error message
Daniel Borkmann [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:57 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
mm/slab.h: fix argument order in cache_from_obj's error message

While debugging a networking issue, I hit a condition that triggered an
object to be freed into the wrong kmem cache, and thus triggered the
warning in cache_from_obj().

The arguments in the error message are in wrong order: the location
of the object's kmem cache is in cachep, not s.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm/slub: don't wait for high-order page allocation
Joonsoo Kim [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:54 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
mm/slub: don't wait for high-order page allocation

Description is almost copied from commit fb05e7a89f50 ("net: don't wait
for order-3 page allocation").

I saw excessive direct memory reclaim/compaction triggered by slub.  This
causes performance issues and add latency.  Slub uses high-order
allocation to reduce internal fragmentation and management overhead.  But,
direct memory reclaim/compaction has high overhead and the benefit of
high-order allocation can't compensate the overhead of both work.

This patch makes auxiliary high-order allocation atomic.  If there is no
memory pressure and memory isn't fragmented, the alloction will still
success, so we don't sacrifice high-order allocation's benefit here.  If
the atomic allocation fails, direct memory reclaim/compaction will not be
triggered, allocation fallback to low-order immediately, hence the direct
memory reclaim/compaction overhead is avoided.  In the allocation failure
case, kswapd is waken up and trying to make high-order freepages, so
allocation could success next time.

Following is the test to measure effect of this patch.

System: QEMU, CPU 8, 512 MB
Mem: 25% memory is allocated at random position to make fragmentation.
 Memory-hogger occupies 150 MB memory.
Workload: hackbench -g 20 -l 1000

Average result by 10 runs (Base va Patched)

elapsed_time(s): 4.3468 vs 2.9838
compact_stall: 461.7 vs 73.6
pgmigrate_success: 28315.9 vs 7256.1

Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm/slub: fix slab double-free in case of duplicate sysfs filename
Konstantin Khlebnikov [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:51 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
mm/slub: fix slab double-free in case of duplicate sysfs filename

sysfs_slab_add() shouldn't call kobject_put at error path: this puts last
reference of kmem-cache kobject and frees it.  Kmem cache will be freed
second time at error path in kmem_cache_create().

For example this happens when slub debug was enabled in runtime and
somebody creates new kmem cache:

# echo 1 | tee /sys/kernel/slab/*/sanity_checks
# modprobe configfs

"configfs_dir_cache" cannot be merged because existing slab have debug and
cannot create new slab because unique name ":t-0000096" already taken.

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agomm/slub: move slab initialization into irq enabled region
Thomas Gleixner [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:48 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
mm/slub: move slab initialization into irq enabled region

Initializing a new slab can introduce rather large latencies because most
of the initialization runs always with interrupts disabled.

There is no point in doing so.  The newly allocated slab is not visible
yet, so there is no reason to protect it against concurrent alloc/free.

Move the expensive parts of the initialization into allocate_slab(), so
for all allocations with GFP_WAIT set, interrupts are enabled.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoslub: add support for kmem_cache_debug in bulk calls
Jesper Dangaard Brouer [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:45 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
slub: add support for kmem_cache_debug in bulk calls

Per request of Joonsoo Kim adding kmem debug support.

I've tested that when debugging is disabled, then there is almost no
performance impact as this code basically gets removed by the compiler.

Need some guidance in enabling and testing this.

bulk- PREVIOUS                  - THIS-PATCH
  1 -  43 cycles(tsc) 10.811 ns -  44 cycles(tsc) 11.236 ns  improved  -2.3%
  2 -  27 cycles(tsc)  6.867 ns -  28 cycles(tsc)  7.019 ns  improved  -3.7%
  3 -  21 cycles(tsc)  5.496 ns -  22 cycles(tsc)  5.526 ns  improved  -4.8%
  4 -  24 cycles(tsc)  6.038 ns -  19 cycles(tsc)  4.786 ns  improved  20.8%
  8 -  17 cycles(tsc)  4.280 ns -  18 cycles(tsc)  4.572 ns  improved  -5.9%
 16 -  17 cycles(tsc)  4.483 ns -  18 cycles(tsc)  4.658 ns  improved  -5.9%
 30 -  18 cycles(tsc)  4.531 ns -  18 cycles(tsc)  4.568 ns  improved   0.0%
 32 -  58 cycles(tsc) 14.586 ns -  65 cycles(tsc) 16.454 ns  improved -12.1%
 34 -  53 cycles(tsc) 13.391 ns -  63 cycles(tsc) 15.932 ns  improved -18.9%
 48 -  65 cycles(tsc) 16.268 ns -  50 cycles(tsc) 12.506 ns  improved  23.1%
 64 -  53 cycles(tsc) 13.440 ns -  63 cycles(tsc) 15.929 ns  improved -18.9%
128 -  79 cycles(tsc) 19.899 ns -  86 cycles(tsc) 21.583 ns  improved  -8.9%
158 -  90 cycles(tsc) 22.732 ns -  90 cycles(tsc) 22.552 ns  improved   0.0%
250 -  95 cycles(tsc) 23.916 ns -  98 cycles(tsc) 24.589 ns  improved  -3.2%

Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoslub: initial bulk free implementation
Jesper Dangaard Brouer [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:43 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
slub: initial bulk free implementation

This implements SLUB specific kmem_cache_free_bulk().  SLUB allocator now
both have bulk alloc and free implemented.

Choose to reenable local IRQs while calling slowpath __slab_free().  In
worst case, where all objects hit slowpath call, the performance should
still be faster than fallback function __kmem_cache_free_bulk(), because
local_irq_{disable+enable} is very fast (7-cycles), while the fallback
invokes this_cpu_cmpxchg() which is slightly slower (9-cycles).
Nitpicking, this should be faster for N>=4, due to the entry cost of
local_irq_{disable+enable}.

Do notice that the save+restore variant is very expensive, this is key to
why this optimization works.

CPU: i7-4790K CPU @ 4.00GHz
 * local_irq_{disable,enable}:  7 cycles(tsc) - 1.821 ns
 * local_irq_{save,restore}  : 37 cycles(tsc) - 9.443 ns

Measurements on CPU CPU i7-4790K @ 4.00GHz
Baseline normal fastpath (alloc+free cost): 43 cycles(tsc) 10.834 ns

Bulk- fallback                   - this-patch
  1 -  58 cycles(tsc) 14.542 ns  -  43 cycles(tsc) 10.811 ns  improved 25.9%
  2 -  50 cycles(tsc) 12.659 ns  -  27 cycles(tsc)  6.867 ns  improved 46.0%
  3 -  48 cycles(tsc) 12.168 ns  -  21 cycles(tsc)  5.496 ns  improved 56.2%
  4 -  47 cycles(tsc) 11.987 ns  -  24 cycles(tsc)  6.038 ns  improved 48.9%
  8 -  46 cycles(tsc) 11.518 ns  -  17 cycles(tsc)  4.280 ns  improved 63.0%
 16 -  45 cycles(tsc) 11.366 ns  -  17 cycles(tsc)  4.483 ns  improved 62.2%
 30 -  45 cycles(tsc) 11.433 ns  -  18 cycles(tsc)  4.531 ns  improved 60.0%
 32 -  75 cycles(tsc) 18.983 ns  -  58 cycles(tsc) 14.586 ns  improved 22.7%
 34 -  71 cycles(tsc) 17.940 ns  -  53 cycles(tsc) 13.391 ns  improved 25.4%
 48 -  80 cycles(tsc) 20.077 ns  -  65 cycles(tsc) 16.268 ns  improved 18.8%
 64 -  71 cycles(tsc) 17.799 ns  -  53 cycles(tsc) 13.440 ns  improved 25.4%
128 -  91 cycles(tsc) 22.980 ns  -  79 cycles(tsc) 19.899 ns  improved 13.2%
158 - 100 cycles(tsc) 25.241 ns  -  90 cycles(tsc) 22.732 ns  improved 10.0%
250 - 102 cycles(tsc) 25.583 ns  -  95 cycles(tsc) 23.916 ns  improved  6.9%

Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoslub: improve bulk alloc strategy
Jesper Dangaard Brouer [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:40 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
slub: improve bulk alloc strategy

Call slowpath __slab_alloc() from within the bulk loop, as the side-effect
of this call likely repopulates c->freelist.

Choose to reenable local IRQs while calling slowpath.

Saving some optimizations for later.  E.g.  it is possible to extract
parts of __slab_alloc() and avoid the unnecessary and expensive (37
cycles) local_irq_{save,restore}.  For now, be happy calling
__slab_alloc() this lower icache impact of this func and I don't have to
worry about correctness.

Measurements on CPU CPU i7-4790K @ 4.00GHz
Baseline normal fastpath (alloc+free cost): 42 cycles(tsc) 10.601 ns

Bulk- fallback                   - this-patch
  1 -  58 cycles(tsc) 14.516 ns  -  49 cycles(tsc) 12.459 ns  improved 15.5%
  2 -  51 cycles(tsc) 12.930 ns  -  38 cycles(tsc)  9.605 ns  improved 25.5%
  3 -  49 cycles(tsc) 12.274 ns  -  34 cycles(tsc)  8.525 ns  improved 30.6%
  4 -  48 cycles(tsc) 12.058 ns  -  32 cycles(tsc)  8.036 ns  improved 33.3%
  8 -  46 cycles(tsc) 11.609 ns  -  31 cycles(tsc)  7.756 ns  improved 32.6%
 16 -  45 cycles(tsc) 11.451 ns  -  32 cycles(tsc)  8.148 ns  improved 28.9%
 30 -  79 cycles(tsc) 19.865 ns  -  68 cycles(tsc) 17.164 ns  improved 13.9%
 32 -  76 cycles(tsc) 19.212 ns  -  66 cycles(tsc) 16.584 ns  improved 13.2%
 34 -  74 cycles(tsc) 18.600 ns  -  63 cycles(tsc) 15.954 ns  improved 14.9%
 48 -  88 cycles(tsc) 22.092 ns  -  77 cycles(tsc) 19.373 ns  improved 12.5%
 64 -  80 cycles(tsc) 20.043 ns  -  68 cycles(tsc) 17.188 ns  improved 15.0%
128 -  99 cycles(tsc) 24.818 ns  -  89 cycles(tsc) 22.404 ns  improved 10.1%
158 -  99 cycles(tsc) 24.977 ns  -  92 cycles(tsc) 23.089 ns  improved  7.1%
250 - 106 cycles(tsc) 26.552 ns  -  99 cycles(tsc) 24.785 ns  improved  6.6%

Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoslub bulk alloc: extract objects from the per cpu slab
Jesper Dangaard Brouer [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:37 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
slub bulk alloc: extract objects from the per cpu slab

First piece: acceleration of retrieval of per cpu objects

If we are allocating lots of objects then it is advantageous to disable
interrupts and avoid the this_cpu_cmpxchg() operation to get these objects
faster.

Note that we cannot do the fast operation if debugging is enabled, because
we would have to add extra code to do all the debugging checks.  And it
would not be fast anyway.

Note also that the requirement of having interrupts disabled avoids having
to do processor flag operations.

Allocate as many objects as possible in the fast way and then fall back to
the generic implementation for the rest of the objects.

Measurements on CPU CPU i7-4790K @ 4.00GHz
Baseline normal fastpath (alloc+free cost): 42 cycles(tsc) 10.554 ns

Bulk- fallback                   - this-patch
  1 -  57 cycles(tsc) 14.432 ns  -  48 cycles(tsc) 12.155 ns  improved 15.8%
  2 -  50 cycles(tsc) 12.746 ns  -  37 cycles(tsc)  9.390 ns  improved 26.0%
  3 -  48 cycles(tsc) 12.180 ns  -  33 cycles(tsc)  8.417 ns  improved 31.2%
  4 -  48 cycles(tsc) 12.015 ns  -  32 cycles(tsc)  8.045 ns  improved 33.3%
  8 -  46 cycles(tsc) 11.526 ns  -  30 cycles(tsc)  7.699 ns  improved 34.8%
 16 -  45 cycles(tsc) 11.418 ns  -  32 cycles(tsc)  8.205 ns  improved 28.9%
 30 -  80 cycles(tsc) 20.246 ns  -  73 cycles(tsc) 18.328 ns  improved  8.8%
 32 -  79 cycles(tsc) 19.946 ns  -  72 cycles(tsc) 18.208 ns  improved  8.9%
 34 -  78 cycles(tsc) 19.659 ns  -  71 cycles(tsc) 17.987 ns  improved  9.0%
 48 -  86 cycles(tsc) 21.516 ns  -  82 cycles(tsc) 20.566 ns  improved  4.7%
 64 -  93 cycles(tsc) 23.423 ns  -  89 cycles(tsc) 22.480 ns  improved  4.3%
128 - 100 cycles(tsc) 25.170 ns  -  99 cycles(tsc) 24.871 ns  improved  1.0%
158 - 102 cycles(tsc) 25.549 ns  - 101 cycles(tsc) 25.375 ns  improved  1.0%
250 - 101 cycles(tsc) 25.344 ns  - 100 cycles(tsc) 25.182 ns  improved  1.0%

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoslab: infrastructure for bulk object allocation and freeing
Christoph Lameter [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:34 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
slab: infrastructure for bulk object allocation and freeing

Add the basic infrastructure for alloc/free operations on pointer arrays.
It includes a generic function in the common slab code that is used in
this infrastructure patch to create the unoptimized functionality for slab
bulk operations.

Allocators can then provide optimized allocation functions for situations
in which large numbers of objects are needed.  These optimization may
avoid taking locks repeatedly and bypass metadata creation if all objects
in slab pages can be used to provide the objects required.

Allocators can extend the skeletons provided and add their own code to the
bulk alloc and free functions.  They can keep the generic allocation and
freeing and just fall back to those if optimizations would not work (like
for example when debugging is on).

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoslub: fix spelling succedd to succeed
Jesper Dangaard Brouer [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:31 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
slub: fix spelling succedd to succeed

With this patchset the SLUB allocator now has both bulk alloc and free
implemented.

This patchset mostly optimizes the "fastpath" where objects are available
on the per CPU fastpath page.  This mostly amortize the less-heavy
none-locked cmpxchg_double used on fastpath.

The "fallback" bulking (e.g __kmem_cache_free_bulk) provides a good basis
for comparison.  Measurements[1] of the fallback functions
__kmem_cache_{free,alloc}_bulk have been copied from slab_common.c and
forced "noinline" to force a function call like slab_common.c.

Measurements on CPU CPU i7-4790K @ 4.00GHz
Baseline normal fastpath (alloc+free cost): 42 cycles(tsc) 10.601 ns

Measurements last-patch with disabled debugging:

Bulk- fallback                   - this-patch
  1 -  57 cycles(tsc) 14.448 ns  -  44 cycles(tsc) 11.236 ns  improved 22.8%
  2 -  51 cycles(tsc) 12.768 ns  -  28 cycles(tsc)  7.019 ns  improved 45.1%
  3 -  48 cycles(tsc) 12.232 ns  -  22 cycles(tsc)  5.526 ns  improved 54.2%
  4 -  48 cycles(tsc) 12.025 ns  -  19 cycles(tsc)  4.786 ns  improved 60.4%
  8 -  46 cycles(tsc) 11.558 ns  -  18 cycles(tsc)  4.572 ns  improved 60.9%
 16 -  45 cycles(tsc) 11.458 ns  -  18 cycles(tsc)  4.658 ns  improved 60.0%
 30 -  45 cycles(tsc) 11.499 ns  -  18 cycles(tsc)  4.568 ns  improved 60.0%
 32 -  79 cycles(tsc) 19.917 ns  -  65 cycles(tsc) 16.454 ns  improved 17.7%
 34 -  78 cycles(tsc) 19.655 ns  -  63 cycles(tsc) 15.932 ns  improved 19.2%
 48 -  68 cycles(tsc) 17.049 ns  -  50 cycles(tsc) 12.506 ns  improved 26.5%
 64 -  80 cycles(tsc) 20.009 ns  -  63 cycles(tsc) 15.929 ns  improved 21.3%
128 -  94 cycles(tsc) 23.749 ns  -  86 cycles(tsc) 21.583 ns  improved  8.5%
158 -  97 cycles(tsc) 24.299 ns  -  90 cycles(tsc) 22.552 ns  improved  7.2%
250 - 102 cycles(tsc) 25.681 ns  -  98 cycles(tsc) 24.589 ns  improved  3.9%

Benchmarking shows impressive improvements in the "fastpath" with a small
number of objects in the working set.  Once the working set increases,
resulting in activating the "slowpath" (that contains the heavier locked
cmpxchg_double) the improvement decreases.

I'm currently working on also optimizing the "slowpath" (as network stack
use-case hits this), but this patchset should provide a good foundation
for further improvements.  Rest of my patch queue in this area needs some
more work, but preliminary results are good.  I'm attending Netfilter
Workshop[2] next week, and I'll hopefully return working on further
improvements in this area.

This patch (of 6):

s/succedd/succeed/

Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agowatchdog: rename watchdog_suspend() and watchdog_resume()
Ulrich Obergfell [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:28 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
watchdog: rename watchdog_suspend() and watchdog_resume()

Rename watchdog_suspend() to lockup_detector_suspend() and
watchdog_resume() to lockup_detector_resume() to avoid confusion with the
watchdog subsystem and to be consistent with the existing name
lockup_detector_init().

Also provide comment blocks to explain the watchdog_running and
watchdog_suspended variables and their relationship.

Signed-off-by: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Aaron Tomlin <atomlin@redhat.com>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Cc: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agowatchdog: use suspend/resume interface in fixup_ht_bug()
Ulrich Obergfell [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:25 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
watchdog: use suspend/resume interface in fixup_ht_bug()

Remove watchdog_nmi_disable_all() and watchdog_nmi_enable_all() since
these functions are no longer needed.  If a subsystem has a need to
deactivate the watchdog temporarily, it should utilize the
watchdog_suspend() and watchdog_resume() functions.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build with CONFIG_LOCKUP_DETECTOR=m]
Signed-off-by: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Aaron Tomlin <atomlin@redhat.com>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Cc: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agowatchdog: use park/unpark functions in update_watchdog_all_cpus()
Ulrich Obergfell [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:21 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
watchdog: use park/unpark functions in update_watchdog_all_cpus()

Remove update_watchdog() and restart_watchdog_hrtimer() since these
functions are no longer needed.  Changes of parameters such as the sample
period are honored at the time when the watchdog threads are being
unparked.

Signed-off-by: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Aaron Tomlin <atomlin@redhat.com>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Cc: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agowatchdog: introduce watchdog_suspend() and watchdog_resume()
Ulrich Obergfell [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:18 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
watchdog: introduce watchdog_suspend() and watchdog_resume()

This interface can be utilized to deactivate the hard and soft lockup
detector temporarily.  Callers are expected to minimize the duration of
deactivation.  Multiple deactivations are allowed to occur in parallel but
should be rare in practice.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded static initialization]
Signed-off-by: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Aaron Tomlin <atomlin@redhat.com>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Cc: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agowatchdog: introduce watchdog_park_threads() and watchdog_unpark_threads()
Ulrich Obergfell [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:15 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
watchdog: introduce watchdog_park_threads() and watchdog_unpark_threads()

Originally watchdog_nmi_enable(cpu) and watchdog_nmi_disable(cpu) were
only called in watchdog thread context.  However, the following commits
utilize these functions outside of watchdog thread context too.

  commit 9809b18fcf6b8d8ec4d3643677345907e6b50eca
  Author: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
  Date:   Tue Sep 24 15:27:30 2013 -0700

      watchdog: update watchdog_thresh properly

  commit b3738d29323344da3017a91010530cf3a58590fc
  Author: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
  Date:   Mon Nov 17 20:07:03 2014 +0100

      watchdog: Add watchdog enable/disable all functions

Hence, it is now possible that these functions execute concurrently with
the same 'cpu' argument.  This concurrency is problematic because per-cpu
'watchdog_ev' can be accessed/modified without adequate synchronization.

The patch series aims to address the above problem.  However, instead of
introducing locks to protect per-cpu 'watchdog_ev' a different approach is
taken: Invoke these functions by parking and unparking the watchdog
threads (to ensure they are always called in watchdog thread context).

  static struct smp_hotplug_thread watchdog_threads = {
           ...
          .park   = watchdog_disable, // calls watchdog_nmi_disable()
          .unpark = watchdog_enable,  // calls watchdog_nmi_enable()
  };

Both previously mentioned commits call these functions in a similar way
and thus in principle contain some duplicate code.  The patch series also
avoids this duplication by providing a commonly usable mechanism.

- Patch 1/4 introduces the watchdog_{park|unpark}_threads functions that
  park/unpark all watchdog threads specified in 'watchdog_cpumask'. They
  are intended to be called inside of kernel/watchdog.c only.

- Patch 2/4 introduces the watchdog_{suspend|resume} functions which can
  be utilized by external callers to deactivate the hard and soft lockup
  detector temporarily.

- Patch 3/4 utilizes watchdog_{park|unpark}_threads to replace some code
  that was introduced by commit 9809b18fcf6b8d8ec4d3643677345907e6b50eca.

- Patch 4/4 utilizes watchdog_{suspend|resume} to replace some code that
  was introduced by commit b3738d29323344da3017a91010530cf3a58590fc.

A few corner cases should be mentioned here for completeness.

- kthread_park() of watchdog/N could hang if cpu N is already locked up.
  However, if watchdog is enabled the lockup will be detected anyway.

- kthread_unpark() of watchdog/N could hang if cpu N got locked up after
  kthread_park(). The occurrence of this scenario should be _very_ rare
  in practice, in particular because it is not expected that temporary
  deactivation will happen frequently, and if it happens at all it is
  expected that the duration of deactivation will be short.

This patch (of 4): introduce watchdog_park_threads() and watchdog_unpark_threads()

These functions are intended to be used only from inside kernel/watchdog.c
to park/unpark all watchdog threads that are specified in
watchdog_cpumask.

Signed-off-by: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Aaron Tomlin <atomlin@redhat.com>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Cc: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agokernel/watchdog: move NMI function header declarations from watchdog.h to nmi.h
Guenter Roeck [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:12 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
kernel/watchdog: move NMI function header declarations from watchdog.h to nmi.h

The kernel's NMI watchdog has nothing to do with the watchdog subsystem.
Its header declarations should be in linux/nmi.h, not linux/watchdog.h.

The code provided two sets of dummy functions if HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR is
not configured, one in the include file and one in kernel/watchdog.c.
Remove the dummy functions from kernel/watchdog.c and use those from the
include file.

Signed-off-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agowatchdog: simplify housekeeping affinity with the appropriate mask
Frederic Weisbecker [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:09 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
watchdog: simplify housekeeping affinity with the appropriate mask

housekeeping_mask gathers all the CPUs that aren't part of the nohz_full
set.  This is exactly what we want the watchdog to be affine to without
the need to use complicated cpumask operations.

Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agosmpboot: allow passing the cpumask on per-cpu thread registration
Frederic Weisbecker [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:06 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
smpboot: allow passing the cpumask on per-cpu thread registration

It makes the registration cheaper and simpler for the smpboot per-cpu
kthread users that don't need to always update the cpumask after threads
creation.

[sfr@canb.auug.org.au: fix for allow passing the cpumask on per-cpu thread registration]
Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agosmpboot: make cleanup to mirror setup
Frederic Weisbecker [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:03 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
smpboot: make cleanup to mirror setup

The per-cpu kthread cleanup() callback is the mirror of the setup()
callback.  When the per-cpu kthread is started, it first calls setup()
to initialize the resources which are then released by cleanup() when
the kthread exits.

Now since the introduction of a per-cpu kthread cpumask, the kthreads
excluded by the cpumask on boot may happen to be parked immediately
after their creation without taking the setup() stage, waiting to be
asked to unpark to do so.  Then when smpboot_unregister_percpu_thread()
is later called, the kthread is stopped without having ever called
setup().

But this triggers a bug as the kthread unconditionally calls cleanup()
on exit but this doesn't mirror any setup().  Thus the kernel crashes
because we try to free resources that haven't been initialized, as in
the watchdog case:

    WATCHDOG disable 0
    WATCHDOG disable 1
    WATCHDOG disable 2
    BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at           (null)
    IP: hrtimer_active+0x26/0x60
    [...]
    Call Trace:
      hrtimer_try_to_cancel+0x1c/0x280
      hrtimer_cancel+0x1d/0x30
      watchdog_disable+0x56/0x70
      watchdog_cleanup+0xe/0x10
      smpboot_thread_fn+0x23c/0x2c0
      kthread+0xf8/0x110
      ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70

This bug is currently masked with explicit kthread unparking before
kthread_stop() on smpboot_destroy_threads(). This forces a call to
setup() and then unpark().

We could fix this by unconditionally calling setup() on kthread entry.
But setup() isn't always cheap.  In the case of watchdog it launches
hrtimer, perf events, etc...  So we may as well like to skip it if there
are chances the kthread will never be used, as in a reduced cpumask value.

So let's simply do a state machine check before calling cleanup() that
makes sure setup() has been called before mirroring it.

And remove the nasty hack workaround.

Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agosmpboot: fix memory leak on error handling
Frederic Weisbecker [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:45:00 +0000 (15:45 -0700)]
smpboot: fix memory leak on error handling

The cpumask is allocated before threads get created. If the latter step
fails, we need to free the cpumask.

Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agofs: create and use seq_show_option for escaping
Kees Cook [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:44:57 +0000 (15:44 -0700)]
fs: create and use seq_show_option for escaping

Many file systems that implement the show_options hook fail to correctly
escape their output which could lead to unescaped characters (e.g.  new
lines) leaking into /proc/mounts and /proc/[pid]/mountinfo files.  This
could lead to confusion, spoofed entries (resulting in things like
systemd issuing false d-bus "mount" notifications), and who knows what
else.  This looks like it would only be the root user stepping on
themselves, but it's possible weird things could happen in containers or
in other situations with delegated mount privileges.

Here's an example using overlay with setuid fusermount trusting the
contents of /proc/mounts (via the /etc/mtab symlink).  Imagine the use
of "sudo" is something more sneaky:

  $ BASE="ovl"
  $ MNT="$BASE/mnt"
  $ LOW="$BASE/lower"
  $ UP="$BASE/upper"
  $ WORK="$BASE/work/ 0 0
  none /proc fuse.pwn user_id=1000"
  $ mkdir -p "$LOW" "$UP" "$WORK"
  $ sudo mount -t overlay -o "lowerdir=$LOW,upperdir=$UP,workdir=$WORK" none /mnt
  $ cat /proc/mounts
  none /root/ovl/mnt overlay rw,relatime,lowerdir=ovl/lower,upperdir=ovl/upper,workdir=ovl/work/ 0 0
  none /proc fuse.pwn user_id=1000 0 0
  $ fusermount -u /proc
  $ cat /proc/mounts
  cat: /proc/mounts: No such file or directory

This fixes the problem by adding new seq_show_option and
seq_show_option_n helpers, and updating the vulnerable show_option
handlers to use them as needed.  Some, like SELinux, need to be open
coded due to unusual existing escape mechanisms.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: add lost chunk, per Kees]
[keescook@chromium.org: seq_show_option should be using const parameters]
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com>
Acked-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com>
Acked-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
Cc: J. R. Okajima <hooanon05g@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoocfs2: clean up redundant NULL checks before kfree
Joseph Qi [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:44:54 +0000 (15:44 -0700)]
ocfs2: clean up redundant NULL checks before kfree

NULL check before kfree is redundant and so clean them up.

Signed-off-by: Joseph Qi <joseph.qi@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoocfs2: neaten do_error, ocfs2_error and ocfs2_abort
Joe Perches [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:44:51 +0000 (15:44 -0700)]
ocfs2: neaten do_error, ocfs2_error and ocfs2_abort

These uses sometimes do and sometimes don't have '\n' terminations.  Make
the uses consistently use '\n' terminations and remove the newline from
the functions.

Miscellanea:

o Coalesce formats
o Realign arguments

Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Reviewed-by: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@suse.de>
Cc: Joel Becker <jlbec@evilplan.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
6 years agoocfs2: do not set fs read-only if rec[0] is empty while committing truncate
Xue jiufei [Fri, 4 Sep 2015 22:44:48 +0000 (15:44 -0700)]
ocfs2: do not set fs read-only if rec[0] is empty while committing truncate

While appending an extent to a file, it will call these functions:
ocfs2_insert_extent

  -> call ocfs2_grow_tree() if there's no free rec
     -> ocfs2_add_branch add a new branch to extent tree,
        now rec[0] in the leaf of rightmost path is empty
  -> ocfs2_do_insert_extent
     -> ocfs2_rotate_tree_right
       -> ocfs2_extend_rotate_transaction
          -> jbd2_journal_restart if jbd2_journal_extend fail
     -> ocfs2_insert_path
        -> ocfs2_extend_trans
          -> jbd2_journal_restart if jbd2_journal_extend fail
        -> ocfs2_insert_at_leaf
     -> ocfs2_et_update_clusters
Function jbd2_journal_restart() may be called and it may happened that
buffers dirtied in ocfs2_add_branch() are committed
while buffers dirtied in ocfs2_insert_at_leaf() and
ocfs2_et_update_clusters() are not.
So an empty rec[0] is left in rightmost path which will cause
read-only filesystem when call ocfs2_commit_truncate()
with the error message: "Inode %lu has an empty extent record".

This is not a serious problem, so remove the rightmost path when call
ocfs2_commit_truncate().

Signed-off-by: joyce.xue <xuejiufei@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@suse.de>
Cc: Joel Becker <jlbec@evilplan.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>