muen/linux.git
3 years agoMerge tag 'for-linus-4.18-rc1-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 16:24:54 +0000 (09:24 -0700)]
Merge tag 'for-linus-4.18-rc1-tag' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/xen/tip

Pull xen updates from Juergen Gross:
 "This contains some minor code cleanups (fixing return types of
  functions), some fixes for Linux running as Xen PVH guest, and adding
  of a new guest resource mapping feature for Xen tools"

* tag 'for-linus-4.18-rc1-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/xen/tip:
  xen/PVH: Make GDT selectors PVH-specific
  xen/PVH: Set up GS segment for stack canary
  xen/store: do not store local values in xen_start_info
  xen-netfront: fix xennet_start_xmit()'s return type
  xen/privcmd: add IOCTL_PRIVCMD_MMAP_RESOURCE
  xen: Change return type to vm_fault_t

3 years agoMerge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 01:39:37 +0000 (18:39 -0700)]
Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)

Merge updates from Andrew Morton:

 - a few misc things

 - ocfs2 updates

 - v9fs updates

 - MM

 - procfs updates

 - lib/ updates

 - autofs updates

* emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (118 commits)
  autofs: small cleanup in autofs_getpath()
  autofs: clean up includes
  autofs: comment on selinux changes needed for module autoload
  autofs: update MAINTAINERS entry for autofs
  autofs: use autofs instead of autofs4 in documentation
  autofs: rename autofs documentation files
  autofs: create autofs Kconfig and Makefile
  autofs: delete fs/autofs4 source files
  autofs: update fs/autofs4/Makefile
  autofs: update fs/autofs4/Kconfig
  autofs: copy autofs4 to autofs
  autofs4: use autofs instead of autofs4 everywhere
  autofs4: merge auto_fs.h and auto_fs4.h
  fs/binfmt_misc.c: do not allow offset overflow
  checkpatch: improve patch recognition
  lib/ucs2_string.c: add MODULE_LICENSE()
  lib/mpi: headers cleanup
  lib/percpu_ida.c: use _irqsave() instead of local_irq_save() + spin_lock
  lib/idr.c: remove simple_ida_lock
  lib/bitmap.c: micro-optimization for __bitmap_complement()
  ...

3 years agoautofs: small cleanup in autofs_getpath()
Dan Carpenter [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:52 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: small cleanup in autofs_getpath()

We don't set "*name" so it's slightly nicer to just pass "name" instead
of "&name".

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180531064736.lnisb55eajwjynvk@kili.mountain
Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Acked-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Acked-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs: clean up includes
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:48 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: clean up includes

Remove includes that aren't needed from autofs (and fs/compat_ioctl.c).

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152635085258.5968.9743527195522188148.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs: comment on selinux changes needed for module autoload
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:45 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: comment on selinux changes needed for module autoload

Due to the autofs4 module using a file system type name of autofs
different from the module containing directory name autoload did not
function properly.  To work around this kernel configurations have often
elected to build the module into the kernel.

This can result in selinux policies that prohibit autoloading of the
autofs module which need to be changed.

Add a comment about this to "possible changes" section of the autofs4
module help.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152686474171.6155.1239659539983577463.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs: update MAINTAINERS entry for autofs
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:42 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: update MAINTAINERS entry for autofs

Update the autofs entry in MAINTAINERS to reflect the rename of autofs4
to autofs.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152626709611.28589.456596640024354223.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs: use autofs instead of autofs4 in documentation
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:38 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: use autofs instead of autofs4 in documentation

Finally remove autofs4 references in the filesystems documentation.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152626709055.28589.416082809460051475.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs: rename autofs documentation files
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:35 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: rename autofs documentation files

There are two files in Documentation/filsystems that should now use
autofs rather than autofs4 in their names.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152626707957.28589.3325300375892913999.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs: create autofs Kconfig and Makefile
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:31 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: create autofs Kconfig and Makefile

Create Makefile and Kconfig for autofs module.

[raven@themaw.net: make autofs4 Kconfig depend on AUTOFS_FS]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152687649097.8263.7046086367407522029.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152626705591.28589.356365986974038383.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Tested-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs: delete fs/autofs4 source files
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:26 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: delete fs/autofs4 source files

Delete the now unused autofs4 module files.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152626707391.28589.3553309771262313504.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs: update fs/autofs4/Makefile
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:22 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: update fs/autofs4/Makefile

Update Makefile to build from source in fs/autofs instead of fs/autofs4.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152626706824.28589.1915028175544560855.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs: update fs/autofs4/Kconfig
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:17 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: update fs/autofs4/Kconfig

Update Kconfig and add a depricated warning.

[raven@themaw.net: make autofs4 Kconfig depend on AUTOFS_FS]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152687649097.8263.7046086367407522029.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152626706133.28589.11994171621899212952.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Tested-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs: copy autofs4 to autofs
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:13 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs: copy autofs4 to autofs

Copy source files from the autofs4 directory to the autofs directory.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152626705013.28589.931913083997578251.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs4: use autofs instead of autofs4 everywhere
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:09 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs4: use autofs instead of autofs4 everywhere

Update naming within autofs source to be consistent by changing
occurrences of autofs4 to autofs.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152626703688.28589.8315406711135226803.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoautofs4: merge auto_fs.h and auto_fs4.h
Ian Kent [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:05 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
autofs4: merge auto_fs.h and auto_fs4.h

The autofs module has long since been removed so there's no need to have
two separate include files for autofs.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/152626703024.28589.9571964661718767929.stgit@pluto.themaw.net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agofs/binfmt_misc.c: do not allow offset overflow
Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:11:01 +0000 (17:11 -0700)]
fs/binfmt_misc.c: do not allow offset overflow

WHen registering a new binfmt_misc handler, it is possible to overflow
the offset to get a negative value, which might crash the system, or
possibly leak kernel data.

Here is a crash log when 2500000000 was used as an offset:

  BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffff989cfd6edca0
  IP: load_misc_binary+0x22b/0x470 [binfmt_misc]
  PGD 1ef3e067 P4D 1ef3e067 PUD 0
  Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI
  Modules linked in: binfmt_misc kvm_intel ppdev kvm irqbypass joydev input_leds serio_raw mac_hid parport_pc qemu_fw_cfg parpy
  CPU: 0 PID: 2499 Comm: bash Not tainted 4.15.0-22-generic #24-Ubuntu
  Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.11.1-1 04/01/2014
  RIP: 0010:load_misc_binary+0x22b/0x470 [binfmt_misc]
  Call Trace:
    search_binary_handler+0x97/0x1d0
    do_execveat_common.isra.34+0x667/0x810
    SyS_execve+0x31/0x40
    do_syscall_64+0x73/0x130
    entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x3d/0xa2

Use kstrtoint instead of simple_strtoul.  It will work as the code
already set the delimiter byte to '\0' and we only do it when the field
is not empty.

Tested with offsets -1, 2500000000, UINT_MAX and INT_MAX.  Also tested
with examples documented at Documentation/admin-guide/binfmt-misc.rst
and other registrations from packages on Ubuntu.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180529135648.14254-1-cascardo@canonical.com
Fixes: 1da177e4c3f4 ("Linux-2.6.12-rc2")
Signed-off-by: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@canonical.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agocheckpatch: improve patch recognition
Joe Perches [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:58 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
checkpatch: improve patch recognition

There are mode change and rename only patches that are unrecognized by
checkpatch.

Recognize them.

[joe@perches.com: fix missing close parenthesis]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/af44c893f6973393f2a5b11f1a8e5cd4c8bbbba5.camel@perches.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/974a407e6fa18abd5a965da39cc68986a4c4f091.1526949367.git.joe@perches.com
Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Reported-by: Heinrich Schuchardt <xypron.glpk@gmx.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agolib/ucs2_string.c: add MODULE_LICENSE()
Randy Dunlap [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:55 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
lib/ucs2_string.c: add MODULE_LICENSE()

Fix missing MODULE_LICENSE() warning in lib/ucs2_string.c:

  WARNING: modpost: missing MODULE_LICENSE() in lib/ucs2_string.o
  see include/linux/module.h for more information

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/b2505bb4-dcf5-fc46-443d-e47db1cb2f59@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Matthew Garrett <matthew.garrett@nebula.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agolib/mpi: headers cleanup
Vasily Averin [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:51 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
lib/mpi: headers cleanup

MPI headers contain definitions for huge number of non-existing
functions.

Most part of these functions was removed in 2012 by Dmitry Kasatkin
 - 7cf4206a99d1 ("Remove unused code from MPI library")
 - 9e235dcaf4f6 ("Revert "crypto: GnuPG based MPI lib - additional ...")
 - bc95eeadf5c6 ("lib/mpi: removed unused functions")
however headers wwere not updated properly.

Also I deleted some unused macros.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/fb2fc1ef-1185-f0a3-d8d0-173d2f97bbaf@virtuozzo.com
Signed-off-by: Vasily Averin <vvs@virtuozzo.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Dmitry Kasatkin <dmitry.kasatkin@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agolib/percpu_ida.c: use _irqsave() instead of local_irq_save() + spin_lock
Sebastian Andrzej Siewior [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:48 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
lib/percpu_ida.c: use _irqsave() instead of local_irq_save() + spin_lock

percpu_ida() decouples disabling interrupts from the locking operations.
This breaks some assumptions if the locking operations are replaced like
they are under -RT.

The same locking can be achieved by avoiding local_irq_save() and using
spin_lock_irqsave() instead.  percpu_ida_alloc() gains one more preemption
point because after unlocking the fastpath and before the pool lock is
acquired, the interrupts are briefly enabled.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180504153218.7301-1-bigeasy@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Nicholas Bellinger <nab@linux-iscsi.org>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com>
Cc: Kent Overstreet <kent.overstreet@gmail.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agolib/idr.c: remove simple_ida_lock
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:45 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
lib/idr.c: remove simple_ida_lock

Improve the scalability of the IDA by using the per-IDA xa_lock rather
than the global simple_ida_lock.  IDAs are not typically used in
performance-sensitive locations, but since we have this lock anyway, we
can use it.  It is also a step towards converting the IDA from the radix
tree to the XArray.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: idr.c needs xarray.h]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180331125332.GF13332@bombadil.infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agolib/bitmap.c: micro-optimization for __bitmap_complement()
Yury Norov [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:41 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
lib/bitmap.c: micro-optimization for __bitmap_complement()

Use BITS_TO_LONGS() macro to avoid calculation of reminder (bits %
BITS_PER_LONG) On ARM64 it saves 5 instruction for function - 16 before
and 11 after.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180411145914.6011-1-ynorov@caviumnetworks.com
Signed-off-by: Yury Norov <ynorov@caviumnetworks.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoget_maintainer: improve patch recognition
Joe Perches [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:38 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
get_maintainer: improve patch recognition

There are mode change and rename only patches that are unrecognized
by the get_maintainer.pl script.

Recognize them.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/bf63101a908d0ff51948164aa60e672368066186.1526949367.git.joe@perches.com
Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Reported-by: Heinrich Schuchardt <xypron.glpk@gmx.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agokernel/hung_task.c: show all hung tasks before panic
Tetsuo Handa [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:34 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
kernel/hung_task.c: show all hung tasks before panic

When we get a hung task it can often be valuable to see _all_ the hung
tasks on the system before calling panic().

Quoting from https://syzkaller.appspot.com/text?tag=CrashReport&id=5316056503549952
----------------------------------------
INFO: task syz-executor0:6540 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
      Not tainted 4.16.0+ #13
"echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
syz-executor0   D23560  6540   4521 0x80000004
Call Trace:
 context_switch kernel/sched/core.c:2848 [inline]
 __schedule+0x8fb/0x1ef0 kernel/sched/core.c:3490
 schedule+0xf5/0x430 kernel/sched/core.c:3549
 schedule_preempt_disabled+0x10/0x20 kernel/sched/core.c:3607
 __mutex_lock_common kernel/locking/mutex.c:833 [inline]
 __mutex_lock+0xb7f/0x1810 kernel/locking/mutex.c:893
 mutex_lock_nested+0x16/0x20 kernel/locking/mutex.c:908
 lo_ioctl+0x8b/0x1b70 drivers/block/loop.c:1355
 __blkdev_driver_ioctl block/ioctl.c:303 [inline]
 blkdev_ioctl+0x1759/0x1e00 block/ioctl.c:601
 ioctl_by_bdev+0xa5/0x110 fs/block_dev.c:2060
 isofs_get_last_session fs/isofs/inode.c:567 [inline]
 isofs_fill_super+0x2ba9/0x3bc0 fs/isofs/inode.c:660
 mount_bdev+0x2b7/0x370 fs/super.c:1119
 isofs_mount+0x34/0x40 fs/isofs/inode.c:1560
 mount_fs+0x66/0x2d0 fs/super.c:1222
 vfs_kern_mount.part.26+0xc6/0x4a0 fs/namespace.c:1037
 vfs_kern_mount fs/namespace.c:2514 [inline]
 do_new_mount fs/namespace.c:2517 [inline]
 do_mount+0xea4/0x2b90 fs/namespace.c:2847
 ksys_mount+0xab/0x120 fs/namespace.c:3063
 SYSC_mount fs/namespace.c:3077 [inline]
 SyS_mount+0x39/0x50 fs/namespace.c:3074
 do_syscall_64+0x281/0x940 arch/x86/entry/common.c:287
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x42/0xb7
(...snipped...)
Showing all locks held in the system:
(...snipped...)
2 locks held by syz-executor0/6540:
 #0: 00000000566d4c39 (&type->s_umount_key#49/1){+.+.}, at: alloc_super fs/super.c:211 [inline]
 #0: 00000000566d4c39 (&type->s_umount_key#49/1){+.+.}, at: sget_userns+0x3b2/0xe60 fs/super.c:502 /* down_write_nested(&s->s_umount, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); */
 #1: 0000000043ca8836 (&lo->lo_ctl_mutex/1){+.+.}, at: lo_ioctl+0x8b/0x1b70 drivers/block/loop.c:1355 /* mutex_lock_nested(&lo->lo_ctl_mutex, 1); */
(...snipped...)
3 locks held by syz-executor7/6541:
 #0: 0000000043ca8836 (&lo->lo_ctl_mutex/1){+.+.}, at: lo_ioctl+0x8b/0x1b70 drivers/block/loop.c:1355 /* mutex_lock_nested(&lo->lo_ctl_mutex, 1); */
 #1: 000000007bf3d3f9 (&bdev->bd_mutex){+.+.}, at: blkdev_reread_part+0x1e/0x40 block/ioctl.c:192
 #2: 00000000566d4c39 (&type->s_umount_key#50){.+.+}, at: __get_super.part.10+0x1d3/0x280 fs/super.c:663 /* down_read(&sb->s_umount); */
----------------------------------------

When reporting an AB-BA deadlock like shown above, it would be nice if
trace of PID=6541 is printed as well as trace of PID=6540 before calling
panic().

Showing hung tasks up to /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_warnings could delay
calling panic() but normally there should not be so many hung tasks.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/201804050705.BHE57833.HVFOFtSOMQJFOL@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp
Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@oracle.com>
Cc: Mandeep Singh Baines <msb@chromium.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoinclude/linux/types.h: use fixed width types without double-underscore prefix
Masahiro Yamada [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:30 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
include/linux/types.h: use fixed width types without double-underscore prefix

This header file is not exported.  It is safe to reference types without
double-underscore prefix.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1526350925-14922-3-git-send-email-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Lihao Liang <lianglihao@huawei.com>
Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoinclude/linux/types.h: define aligned_ types based on uapi header
Masahiro Yamada [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:27 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
include/linux/types.h: define aligned_ types based on uapi header

<uapi/linux/types.h> has the same typedefs except that it prefixes them
with double-underscore for user space.  Use them for the kernel space
typedefs.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1526350925-14922-2-git-send-email-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Lihao Liang <lianglihao@huawei.com>
Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoint-ll64.h: define u{8,16,32,64} and s{8,16,32,64} based on uapi header
Masahiro Yamada [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:24 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
int-ll64.h: define u{8,16,32,64} and s{8,16,32,64} based on uapi header

<uapi/asm-generic/int-ll64.h> has the same typedefs except that it
prefixes them with double-underscore for user space.  Use them for
the kernel space typedefs.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1526350925-14922-1-git-send-email-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Lihao Liang <lianglihao@huawei.com>
Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agotools/testing/selftests/proc: test /proc/*/fd a bit (+ PF_KTHREAD is ABI!)
Alexey Dobriyan [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:20 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
tools/testing/selftests/proc: test /proc/*/fd a bit (+ PF_KTHREAD is ABI!)

* Test lookup in /proc/self/fd.
  "map_files" lookup story showed that lookup is not that simple.

* Test that all those symlinks open the same file.
  Check with (st_dev, st_info).

* Test that kernel threads do not have anything in their /proc/*/fd/
  directory.

Now this is where things get interesting.

First, kernel threads aren't pinned by /proc/self or equivalent,
thus some "atomicity" is required.

Second, ->comm can contain whitespace and ')'.
No, they are not escaped.

Third, the only reliable way to check if process is kernel thread
appears to be field #9 in /proc/*/stat.

This field is struct task_struct::flags in decimal!
Check is done by testing PF_KTHREAD flags like we do in kernel.

PF_KTREAD value is a part of userspace ABI !!!

Other methods for determining kernel threadness are not reliable:
* RSS can be 0 if everything is swapped, even while reading
  from /proc/self.

* ->total_vm CAN BE ZERO if process is finishing

munmap(NULL, whole address space);

* /proc/*/maps and similar files can be empty because unmapping
  everything works. Read returning 0 can't distinguish between
  kernel thread and such suicide process.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180505000414.GA15090@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoproc: use "unsigned int" for /proc/*/stack
Alexey Dobriyan [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:17 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
proc: use "unsigned int" for /proc/*/stack

struct stack_trace::nr_entries is defined as "unsigned int" (YAY!) so
the iterator should be unsigned as well.

It saves 1 byte of code or something like that.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180423215248.GG9043@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoproc: use "unsigned int" for sigqueue length
Alexey Dobriyan [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:13 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
proc: use "unsigned int" for sigqueue length

It's defined as atomic_t and really long signal queues are unheard of.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180423215119.GF9043@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoproc: use "unsigned int" in proc_fill_cache()
Alexey Dobriyan [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:10 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
proc: use "unsigned int" in proc_fill_cache()

All those lengths are unsigned as they should be.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180423213751.GC9043@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoproc: smaller RCU section in ->getattr()
Alexey Dobriyan [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:07 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
proc: smaller RCU section in ->getattr()

struct kstat is thread local.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180423213626.GB9043@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoproc: deduplicate /proc/*/cmdline implementation
Alexey Dobriyan [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:10:02 +0000 (17:10 -0700)]
proc: deduplicate /proc/*/cmdline implementation

Code can be sonsolidated if a dummy region of 0 length is used in normal
case of \0-separated command line:

1) [arg_start, arg_end) + [dummy len=0]
2) [arg_start, arg_end) + [env_start, env_end)

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180221193335.GB28678@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoproc: simpler iterations for /proc/*/cmdline
Alexey Dobriyan [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:59 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
proc: simpler iterations for /proc/*/cmdline

"rv" variable is used both as a counter of bytes transferred and an
error value holder but it can be reduced solely to error values if
original start of userspace buffer is stashed and used at the very end.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: simplify cleanup code]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180221193009.GA28678@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoproc: somewhat simpler code for /proc/*/cmdline
Alexey Dobriyan [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:55 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
proc: somewhat simpler code for /proc/*/cmdline

"final" variable is OK but we can get away with less lines.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180221192751.GC28548@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoproc: more "unsigned int" in /proc/*/cmdline
Alexey Dobriyan [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:52 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
proc: more "unsigned int" in /proc/*/cmdline

access_remote_vm() doesn't return negative errors, it returns number of
bytes read/written (0 if error occurs).  This allows to delete some
comparisons which never trigger.

Reuse "nr_read" variable while I'm at it.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180221192605.GB28548@avx2
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: remove page_is_poisoned() from linux/mm.h
Sahara [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:48 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
mm: remove page_is_poisoned() from linux/mm.h

When commit bd33ef368135 ("mm: enable page poisoning early at boot") got
rid of the PAGE_EXT_DEBUG_POISON, page_is_poisoned in the header left
behind.  This patch cleans up the leftovers under the table.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1528101069-21637-1-git-send-email-kpark3469@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Sahara <keun-o.park@darkmatter.ae>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomem_cgroup: make sure moving_account, move_lock_task and stat_cpu in the same cacheline
Aaron Lu [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:44 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
mem_cgroup: make sure moving_account, move_lock_task and stat_cpu in the same cacheline

The LKP robot found a 27% will-it-scale/page_fault3 performance
regression regarding commit e27be240df53("mm: memcg: make sure
memory.events is uptodate when waking pollers").

What the test does is:
 1 mkstemp() a 128M file on a tmpfs;
 2 start $nr_cpu processes, each to loop the following:
   2.1 mmap() this file in shared write mode;
   2.2 write 0 to this file in a PAGE_SIZE step till the end of the file;
   2.3 unmap() this file and repeat this process.
 3 After 5 minutes, check how many loops they managed to complete, the
   higher the better.

The commit itself looks innocent enough as it merely changed some event
counting mechanism and this test didn't trigger those events at all.
Perf shows increased cycles spent on accessing root_mem_cgroup->stat_cpu
in count_memcg_event_mm()(called by handle_mm_fault()) and in
__mod_memcg_state() called by page_add_file_rmap().  So it's likely due
to the changed layout of 'struct mem_cgroup' that either make stat_cpu
falling into a constantly modifying cacheline or some hot fields stop
being in the same cacheline.

I verified this by moving memory_events[] back to where it was:

: --- a/include/linux/memcontrol.h
: +++ b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
: @@ -205,7 +205,6 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
:   int oom_kill_disable;
:
:   /* memory.events */
: - atomic_long_t memory_events[MEMCG_NR_MEMORY_EVENTS];
:   struct cgroup_file events_file;
:
:   /* protect arrays of thresholds */
: @@ -238,6 +237,7 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
:   struct mem_cgroup_stat_cpu __percpu *stat_cpu;
:   atomic_long_t stat[MEMCG_NR_STAT];
:   atomic_long_t events[NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS];
: + atomic_long_t memory_events[MEMCG_NR_MEMORY_EVENTS];
:
:   unsigned long socket_pressure;

And performance restored.

Later investigation found that as long as the following 3 fields
moving_account, move_lock_task and stat_cpu are in the same cacheline,
performance will be good.  To avoid future performance surprise by other
commits changing the layout of 'struct mem_cgroup', this patch makes
sure the 3 fields stay in the same cacheline.

One concern of this approach is, moving_account and move_lock_task could
be modified when a process changes memory cgroup while stat_cpu is a
always read field, it might hurt to place them in the same cacheline.  I
assume it is rare for a process to change memory cgroup so this should
be OK.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180528114019.GF9904@yexl-desktop
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180601071115.GA27302@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com>
Reported-by: kernel test robot <xiaolong.ye@intel.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: kvmalloc does not fallback to vmalloc for incompatible gfp flags
Michal Hocko [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:40 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
mm: kvmalloc does not fallback to vmalloc for incompatible gfp flags

kvmalloc warned about incompatible gfp_mask to catch abusers (mostly
GFP_NOFS) with an intention that this will motivate authors of the code
to fix those.  Linus argues that this just motivates people to do even
more hacks like

if (gfp == GFP_KERNEL)
kvmalloc
else
kmalloc

I haven't seen this happening much (Linus pointed to bucket_lock special
cases an atomic allocation but my git foo hasn't found much more) but it
is true that we can grow those in future.  Therefore Linus suggested to
simply not fallback to vmalloc for incompatible gfp flags and rather
stick with the kmalloc path.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180601115329.27807-1-mhocko@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Tom Herbert <tom@quantonium.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoinclude/linux/gfp.h: fix the annotation of GFP_ZONE_TABLE
Huaisheng Ye [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:36 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
include/linux/gfp.h: fix the annotation of GFP_ZONE_TABLE

When bit is equal to 0x4, it means OPT_ZONE_DMA32 should be got from
GFP_ZONE_TABLE.  OPT_ZONE_DMA32 shall be equal to ZONE_DMA32 or
ZONE_NORMAL according to the status of CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32.

Similarly, when bit is equal to 0xc, that means OPT_ZONE_DMA32 should be
got with an allocation policy GFP_MOVABLE.  So ZONE_DMA32 or ZONE_NORMAL
is the possible result value.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180601163403.1032-1-yehs2007@zoho.com
Signed-off-by: Huaisheng Ye <yehs1@lenovo.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: "Levin, Alexander (Sasha Levin)" <alexander.levin@verizon.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/shmem.c: zero out unused vma fields in shmem_pseudo_vma_init()
Kirill A. Shutemov [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:32 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
mm/shmem.c: zero out unused vma fields in shmem_pseudo_vma_init()

shmem/tmpfs uses pseudo vma to allocate page with correct NUMA policy.

The pseudo vma doesn't have vm_page_prot set.  We are going to encode
encryption KeyID in vm_page_prot.  Having garbage there causes problems.

Zero out all unused fields in the pseudo vma.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180531135602.20321-1-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm, page_alloc: do not break __GFP_THISNODE by zonelist reset
Vlastimil Babka [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:29 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
mm, page_alloc: do not break __GFP_THISNODE by zonelist reset

In __alloc_pages_slowpath() we reset zonelist and preferred_zoneref for
allocations that can ignore memory policies.  The zonelist is obtained
from current CPU's node.  This is a problem for __GFP_THISNODE
allocations that want to allocate on a different node, e.g.  because the
allocating thread has been migrated to a different CPU.

This has been observed to break SLAB in our 4.4-based kernel, because
there it relies on __GFP_THISNODE working as intended.  If a slab page
is put on wrong node's list, then further list manipulations may corrupt
the list because page_to_nid() is used to determine which node's
list_lock should be locked and thus we may take a wrong lock and race.

Current SLAB implementation seems to be immune by luck thanks to commit
511e3a058812 ("mm/slab: make cache_grow() handle the page allocated on
arbitrary node") but there may be others assuming that __GFP_THISNODE
works as promised.

We can fix it by simply removing the zonelist reset completely.  There
is actually no reason to reset it, because memory policies and cpusets
don't affect the zonelist choice in the first place.  This was different
when commit 183f6371aac2 ("mm: ignore mempolicies when using
ALLOC_NO_WATERMARK") introduced the code, as mempolicies provided their
own restricted zonelists.

We might consider this for 4.17 although I don't know if there's
anything currently broken.

SLAB is currently not affected, but in kernels older than 4.7 that don't
yet have 511e3a058812 ("mm/slab: make cache_grow() handle the page
allocated on arbitrary node") it is.  That's at least 4.4 LTS.  Older
ones I'll have to check.

So stable backports should be more important, but will have to be
reviewed carefully, as the code went through many changes.  BTW I think
that also the ac->preferred_zoneref reset is currently useless if we
don't also reset ac->nodemask from a mempolicy to NULL first (which we
probably should for the OOM victims etc?), but I would leave that for a
separate patch.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180525130853.13915-1-vbabka@suse.cz
Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Fixes: 183f6371aac2 ("mm: ignore mempolicies when using ALLOC_NO_WATERMARK")
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agouserfaultfd: prevent non-cooperative events vs mcopy_atomic races
Mike Rapoport [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:25 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
userfaultfd: prevent non-cooperative events vs mcopy_atomic races

If a process monitored with userfaultfd changes it's memory mappings or
forks() at the same time as uffd monitor fills the process memory with
UFFDIO_COPY, the actual creation of page table entries and copying of
the data in mcopy_atomic may happen either before of after the memory
mapping modifications and there is no way for the uffd monitor to
maintain consistent view of the process memory layout.

For instance, let's consider fork() running in parallel with
userfaultfd_copy():

process                  | uffd monitor
---------------------------------+------------------------------
fork()                  | userfaultfd_copy()
...                  | ...
    dup_mmap()                  |     down_read(mmap_sem)
    down_write(mmap_sem)         |     /* create PTEs, copy data */
        dup_uffd()               |     up_read(mmap_sem)
        copy_page_range()        |
        up_write(mmap_sem)       |
        dup_uffd_complete()      |
            /* notify monitor */ |

If the userfaultfd_copy() takes the mmap_sem first, the new page(s) will
be present by the time copy_page_range() is called and they will appear
in the child's memory mappings.  However, if the fork() is the first to
take the mmap_sem, the new pages won't be mapped in the child's address
space.

If the pages are not present and child tries to access them, the monitor
will get page fault notification and everything is fine.  However, if
the pages *are present*, the child can access them without uffd
noticing.  And if we copy them into child it'll see the wrong data.
Since we are talking about background copy, we'd need to decide whether
the pages should be copied or not regardless #PF notifications.

Since userfaultfd monitor has no way to determine what was the order,
let's disallow userfaultfd_copy in parallel with the non-cooperative
events.  In such case we return -EAGAIN and the uffd monitor can
understand that userfaultfd_copy() clashed with a non-cooperative event
and take an appropriate action.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1527061324-19949-1-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Andrei Vagin <avagin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: memcg: allow lowering memory.swap.max below the current usage
Tejun Heo [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:21 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
mm: memcg: allow lowering memory.swap.max below the current usage

Currently an attempt to set swap.max into a value lower than the actual
swap usage fails, which causes configuration problems as there's no way
of lowering the configuration below the current usage short of turning
off swap entirely.  This makes swap.max difficult to use and allows
delegatees to lock the delegator out of reducing swap allocation.

This patch updates swap_max_write() so that the limit can be lowered
below the current usage.  It doesn't implement active reclaiming of swap
entries for the following reasons.

* mem_cgroup_swap_full() already tells the swap machinary to
  aggressively reclaim swap entries if the usage is above 50% of
  limit, so simply lowering the limit automatically triggers gradual
  reclaim.

* Forcing back swapped out pages is likely to heavily impact the
  workload and mess up the working set.  Given that swap usually is a
  lot less valuable and less scarce, letting the existing usage
  dissipate over time through the above gradual reclaim and as they're
  falted back in is likely the better behavior.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180523185041.GR1718769@devbig577.frc2.facebook.com
Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/shmem.c: use new return type vm_fault_t
Souptick Joarder [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:17 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
mm/shmem.c: use new return type vm_fault_t

Use new return type vm_fault_t for fault handler.  For now, this is just
documenting that the function returns a VM_FAULT value rather than an
errno.  Once all instances are converted, vm_fault_t will become a
distinct type.

See commit 1c8f422059ae ("mm: change return type to vm_fault_t")

vmf_error() is the newly introduce inline function in 4.17-rc6.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180521202410.GA17912@jordon-HP-15-Notebook-PC
Signed-off-by: Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoslub: remove 'reserved' file from sysfs
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:14 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
slub: remove 'reserved' file from sysfs

Christoph doubts anyone was using the 'reserved' file in sysfs, so remove
it.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-17-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoslub: remove kmem_cache->reserved
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:10 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
slub: remove kmem_cache->reserved

The reserved field was only used for embedding an rcu_head in the data
structure.  With the previous commit, we no longer need it.  That lets us
remove the 'reserved' argument to a lot of functions.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-16-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agoslab,slub: remove rcu_head size checks
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:05 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
slab,slub: remove rcu_head size checks

rcu_head may now grow larger than list_head without affecting slab or
slub.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-15-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: add hmm_data to struct page
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:09:01 +0000 (17:09 -0700)]
mm: add hmm_data to struct page

Make hmm_data an explicit member of the struct page union.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-14-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: add pt_mm to struct page
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:57 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: add pt_mm to struct page

For pgd page table pages, x86 overloads the page->index field to store a
pointer to the mm_struct.  Rename this to pt_mm so it's visible to other
users.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-13-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: improve struct page documentation
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:53 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: improve struct page documentation

Rewrite the documentation to describe what you can use in struct page
rather than what you can't.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-12-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: combine LRU and main union in struct page
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:50 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: combine LRU and main union in struct page

This gives us five words of space in a single union in struct page.  The
compound_mapcount moves position (from offset 24 to offset 20) on 64-bit
systems, but that does not seem likely to cause any trouble.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-11-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: move lru union within struct page
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:46 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: move lru union within struct page

Since the LRU is two words, this does not affect the double-word alignment
of SLUB's freelist.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-10-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: use page->deferred_list
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:42 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: use page->deferred_list

Now that we can represent the location of 'deferred_list' in C instead of
comments, make use of that ability.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-9-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: combine first three unions in struct page
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:39 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: combine first three unions in struct page

By combining these three one-word unions into one three-word union, we
make it easier for users to add their own multi-word fields to struct
page, as well as making it obvious that SLUB needs to keep its double-word
alignment for its freelist & counters.

No field moves position; verified with pahole.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-8-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: move _refcount out of struct page union
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:35 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: move _refcount out of struct page union

Keeping the refcount in the union only encourages people to put something
else in the union which will overlap with _refcount and eventually explode
messily.  pahole reports no fields change location.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-7-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: move 'private' union within struct page
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:31 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: move 'private' union within struct page

By moving page->private to the fourth word of struct page, we can put the
SLUB counters in the same word as SLAB's s_mem and still do the
cmpxchg_double trick.  Now the SLUB counters no longer overlap with the
mapcount or refcount so we can drop the call to page_mapcount_reset() and
simplify set_page_slub_counters() to a single line.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-6-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: switch s_mem and slab_cache in struct page
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:26 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: switch s_mem and slab_cache in struct page

This will allow us to store slub's counters in the same bits as slab's
s_mem.  slub now needs to set page->mapping to NULL as it frees the page,
just like slab does.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-5-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: mark pages in use for page tables
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:23 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: mark pages in use for page tables

Define a new PageTable bit in the page_type and use it to mark pages in
use as page tables.  This can be helpful when debugging crashdumps or
analysing memory fragmentation.  Add a KPF flag to report these pages to
userspace and update page-types.c to interpret that flag.

Note that only pages currently accounted as NR_PAGETABLES are tracked as
PageTable; this does not include pgd/p4d/pud/pmd pages.  Those will be the
subject of a later patch.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-4-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: split page_type out from _mapcount
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:18 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: split page_type out from _mapcount

We're already using a union of many fields here, so stop abusing the
_mapcount and make page_type its own field.  That implies renaming some of
the machinery that creates PageBuddy, PageBalloon and PageKmemcg; bring
back the PG_buddy, PG_balloon and PG_kmemcg names.

As suggested by Kirill, make page_type a bitmask.  Because it starts out
life as -1 (thanks to sharing the storage with _mapcount), setting a page
flag means clearing the appropriate bit.  This gives us space for probably
twenty or so extra bits (depending how paranoid we want to be about
_mapcount underflow).

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-3-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agos390: use _refcount for pgtables
Matthew Wilcox [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:15 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
s390: use _refcount for pgtables

Patch series "Rearrange struct page", v6.

As presented at LSFMM, this patch-set rearranges struct page to give
more contiguous usable space to users who have allocated a struct page
for their own purposes.  For a graphical view of before-and-after, see
the first two tabs of

  https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1tvCszs_7FXrjei9_mtFiKV6nW1FLnYyvPvW-qNZhdog/edit?usp=sharing

Highlights:
 - deferred_list now really exists in struct page instead of just a comment.
 - hmm_data also exists in struct page instead of being a nasty hack.
 - x86's PGD pages have a real pointer to the mm_struct.
 - VMalloc pages now have all sorts of extra information stored in them
   to help with debugging and tuning.
 - rcu_head is no longer tied to slab in case anyone else wants to
   free pages by RCU.
 - slub's counters no longer share space with _refcount.
 - slub's freelist+counters are now naturally dword aligned.
 - slub loses a parameter to a lot of functions and a sysfs file.

This patch (of 17):

s390 borrows the storage used for _mapcount in struct page in order to
account whether the bottom or top half is being used for 2kB page tables.
I want to use that for something else, so use the top byte of _refcount
instead of the bottom byte of _mapcount.  _refcount may temporarily be
incremented by other CPUs that see a stale pointer to this page in the
page cache, but each CPU can only increment it by one, and there are no
systems with 2^24 CPUs today, so they will not change the upper byte of
_refcount.  We do have to be a little careful not to lose any of their
writes (as they will subsequently decrement the counter).

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180518194519.3820-2-willy@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: save two stranded bits in gfp_mask
Shakeel Butt [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:11 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: save two stranded bits in gfp_mask

___GFP_COLD and ___GFP_OTHER_NODE were removed but their bits were
stranded.  Fill the gaps by moving the existing gfp masks around.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180516211439.177440-1-shakeelb@google.com
Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Suggested-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm, hugetlbfs: pass fault address to no page handler
Huang Ying [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:08 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm, hugetlbfs: pass fault address to no page handler

This is to take better advantage of general huge page clearing
optimization (commit c79b57e462b5: "mm: hugetlb: clear target sub-page
last when clearing huge page") for hugetlbfs.

In the general optimization patch, the sub-page to access will be
cleared last to avoid the cache lines of to access sub-page to be
evicted when clearing other sub-pages.  This works better if we have the
address of the sub-page to access, that is, the fault address inside the
huge page.  So the hugetlbfs no page fault handler is changed to pass
that information.  This will benefit workloads which don't access the
begin of the hugetlbfs huge page after the page fault under heavy cache
contention for shared last level cache.

The patch is a generic optimization which should benefit quite some
workloads, not for a specific use case.  To demonstrate the performance
benefit of the patch, we tested it with vm-scalability run on hugetlbfs.

With this patch, the throughput increases ~28.1% in vm-scalability
anon-w-seq test case with 88 processes on a 2 socket Xeon E5 2699 v4
system (44 cores, 88 threads).  The test case creates 88 processes, each
process mmaps a big anonymous memory area with MAP_HUGETLB and writes to
it from the end to the begin.  For each process, other processes could
be seen as other workload which generates heavy cache pressure.  At the
same time, the cache miss rate reduced from ~36.3% to ~25.6%, the IPC
(instruction per cycle) increased from 0.3 to 0.37, and the time spent
in user space is reduced ~19.3%.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180517083539.9242-1-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi.kleen@intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com>
Cc: Christopher Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: change return type to vm_fault_t
Souptick Joarder [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:04 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: change return type to vm_fault_t

Use new return type vm_fault_t for fault handler in struct
vm_operations_struct.  For now, this is just documenting that the
function returns a VM_FAULT value rather than an errno.  Once all
instances are converted, vm_fault_t will become a distinct type.

See commit 1c8f422059ae ("mm: change return type to vm_fault_t")

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180512063745.GA26866@jordon-HP-15-Notebook-PC
Signed-off-by: Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: use new return type vm_fault_t
Souptick Joarder [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:08:00 +0000 (17:08 -0700)]
mm: use new return type vm_fault_t

Use new return type vm_fault_t for fault handler in struct
vm_operations_struct.  For now, this is just documenting that the
function returns a VM_FAULT value rather than an errno.  Once all
instances are converted, vm_fault_t will become a distinct type.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180511190542.GA2412@jordon-HP-15-Notebook-PC
Signed-off-by: Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/page_alloc.c: remove useless parameter of finalise_ac()
Huaisheng Ye [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:57 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
mm/page_alloc.c: remove useless parameter of finalise_ac()

finalise_ac() has parameter order which is not used at all.  Remove it.

Signed-off-by: Huaisheng Ye <yehs1@lenovo.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/vmpressure.c: convert to use match_string() helper
Andy Shevchenko [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:53 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
mm/vmpressure.c: convert to use match_string() helper

The new helper returns index of the matching string in an array.  We are
going to use it here.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180503203206.44046-1-andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/vmpressure.c: use kstrndup instead of kmalloc+strncpy
Andy Shevchenko [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:50 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
mm/vmpressure.c: use kstrndup instead of kmalloc+strncpy

Using kstrndup() simplifies the code.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180503201807.24941-1-andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomemcg: introduce memory.min
Roman Gushchin [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:46 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
memcg: introduce memory.min

Memory controller implements the memory.low best-effort memory
protection mechanism, which works perfectly in many cases and allows
protecting working sets of important workloads from sudden reclaim.

But its semantics has a significant limitation: it works only as long as
there is a supply of reclaimable memory.  This makes it pretty useless
against any sort of slow memory leaks or memory usage increases.  This
is especially true for swapless systems.  If swap is enabled, memory
soft protection effectively postpones problems, allowing a leaking
application to fill all swap area, which makes no sense.  The only
effective way to guarantee the memory protection in this case is to
invoke the OOM killer.

It's possible to handle this case in userspace by reacting on MEMCG_LOW
events; but there is still a place for a fail-safe in-kernel mechanism
to provide stronger guarantees.

This patch introduces the memory.min interface for cgroup v2 memory
controller.  It works very similarly to memory.low (sharing the same
hierarchical behavior), except that it's not disabled if there is no
more reclaimable memory in the system.

If cgroup is not populated, its memory.min is ignored, because otherwise
even the OOM killer wouldn't be able to reclaim the protected memory,
and the system can stall.

[guro@fb.com: s/low/min/ in docs]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180510130758.GA9129@castle.DHCP.thefacebook.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180509180734.GA4856@castle.DHCP.thefacebook.com
Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Reviewed-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: move is_pageblock_removable_nolock() to mm/memory_hotplug.c
Mathieu Malaterre [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:43 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
mm: move is_pageblock_removable_nolock() to mm/memory_hotplug.c

is_pageblock_removable_nolock() is not used outside of
mm/memory_hotplug.c.  Move it next to unique caller
is_mem_section_removable() and make it static.

Remove prototype in <linux/memory_hotplug.h> to silence gcc warning (W=1):

  mm/page_alloc.c:7704:6: warning: no previous prototype for `is_pageblock_removable_nolock' [-Wmissing-prototypes]

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180509190001.24789-1-malat@debian.org
Signed-off-by: Mathieu Malaterre <malat@debian.org>
Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: /proc/pid/pagemap: hide swap entries from unprivileged users
Huang Ying [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:39 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
mm: /proc/pid/pagemap: hide swap entries from unprivileged users

In commit ab676b7d6fbf ("pagemap: do not leak physical addresses to
non-privileged userspace"), the /proc/PID/pagemap is restricted to be
readable only by CAP_SYS_ADMIN to address some security issue.

In commit 1c90308e7a77 ("pagemap: hide physical addresses from
non-privileged users"), the restriction is relieved to make
/proc/PID/pagemap readable, but hide the physical addresses for
non-privileged users.

But the swap entries are readable for non-privileged users too.  This
has some security issues.  For example, for page under migrating, the
swap entry has physical address information.  So, in this patch, the
swap entries are hided for non-privileged users too.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180508012745.7238-1-ying.huang@intel.com
Fixes: 1c90308e7a77 ("pagemap: hide physical addresses from non-privileged users")
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Suggested-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Reviewed-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>
Cc: Andrei Vagin <avagin@openvz.org>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Daniel Colascione <dancol@google.com>
Cc: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/memblock: print memblock_remove
Minchan Kim [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:35 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
mm/memblock: print memblock_remove

memblock_remove report is useful to see why MemTotal of /proc/meminfo
between two kernels makes difference.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180508104223.8028-1-minchan@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: memcontrol: drain memcg stock on force_empty
Junaid Shahid [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:31 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
mm: memcontrol: drain memcg stock on force_empty

The per-cpu memcg stock can retain a charge of upto 32 pages.  On a
machine with large number of cpus, this can amount to a decent amount of
memory.  Additionally force_empty interface might be triggering unneeded
memcg reclaims.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180507201651.165879-1-shakeelb@google.com
Signed-off-by: Junaid Shahid <junaids@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: memcontrol: drain stocks on resize limit
Shakeel Butt [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:27 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
mm: memcontrol: drain stocks on resize limit

Resizing the memcg limit for cgroup-v2 drains the stocks before
triggering the memcg reclaim.  Do the same for cgroup-v1 to make the
behavior consistent.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180504205548.110696-1-shakeelb@google.com
Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomemcg: mark memcg1_events static const
Greg Thelen [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:23 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
memcg: mark memcg1_events static const

Mark memcg1_events static: it's only used by memcontrol.c.  And mark it
const: it's not modified.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180503192940.94971-1-gthelen@google.com
Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomemcg: writeback: use memcg->cgwb_list directly
Wang Long [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:19 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
memcg: writeback: use memcg->cgwb_list directly

mem_cgroup_cgwb_list is a very simple wrapper and it will never be used
outside of code under CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK.  so use memcg->cgwb_list
directly.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1524406173-212182-1-git-send-email-wanglong19@meituan.com
Signed-off-by: Wang Long <wanglong19@meituan.com>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agotmpfs: allow decoding a file handle of an unlinked file
Amir Goldstein [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:15 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
tmpfs: allow decoding a file handle of an unlinked file

tmpfs uses the helper d_find_alias() to find a dentry from a decoded
inode, but d_find_alias() skips unhashed dentries, so unlinked files
cannot be decoded from a file handle.

This can be reproduced using xfstests test program open_by_handle:

  $ open_by handle -c /tmp/testdir
  $ open_by_handle -dk /tmp/testdir
  open_by_handle(/tmp/testdir/file000000) returned 116 incorrectly on an unlinked open file!

To fix this, if d_find_alias() can't find a hashed alias, call
d_find_any_alias() to return an unhashed one.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/CAOQ4uxg+qSLP0KwdW+h1tcPqOCQd+_pGZVXiePQB1TXCMBMctQ@mail.gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Jeff Layton <jlayton@poochiereds.net>
Cc: "J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@fieldses.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/ksm: move [set_]page_stable_node from ksm.h to ksm.c
Mike Rapoport [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:11 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
mm/ksm: move [set_]page_stable_node from ksm.h to ksm.c

page_stable_node() and set_page_stable_node() are only used in mm/ksm.c
and there is no point to keep them in the include/linux/ksm.h

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix SYSFS=n build]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1524552106-7356-3-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/ksm: remove unused page_referenced_ksm declaration
Mike Rapoport [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:07 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
mm/ksm: remove unused page_referenced_ksm declaration

Commit 9f32624be943 ("mm/rmap: use rmap_walk() in page_referenced()")
removed the declaration of page_referenced_ksm for the case
CONFIG_KSM=y, but left one for CONFIG_KSM=n.

Remove the unused leftover.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1524552106-7356-2-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agolockdep: fix fs_reclaim annotation
Omar Sandoval [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:07:02 +0000 (17:07 -0700)]
lockdep: fix fs_reclaim annotation

While revisiting my Btrfs swapfile series [1], I introduced a situation
in which reclaim would lock i_rwsem, and even though the swapon() path
clearly made GFP_KERNEL allocations while holding i_rwsem, I got no
complaints from lockdep.  It turns out that the rework of the fs_reclaim
annotation was broken: if the current task has PF_MEMALLOC set, we don't
acquire the dummy fs_reclaim lock, but when reclaiming we always check
this _after_ we've just set the PF_MEMALLOC flag.  In most cases, we can
fix this by moving the fs_reclaim_{acquire,release}() outside of the
memalloc_noreclaim_{save,restore}(), althought kswapd is slightly
different.  After applying this, I got the expected lockdep splats.

1: https://lwn.net/Articles/625412/

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/9f8aa70652a98e98d7c4de0fc96a4addcee13efe.1523778026.git.osandov@fb.com
Fixes: d92a8cfcb37e ("locking/lockdep: Rework FS_RECLAIM annotation")
Signed-off-by: Omar Sandoval <osandov@fb.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: shmem: make stat.st_blksize return huge page size if THP is on
Yang Shi [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:59 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm: shmem: make stat.st_blksize return huge page size if THP is on

Since tmpfs THP was supported in 4.8, hugetlbfs is not the only
filesystem with huge page support anymore.  tmpfs can use huge page via
THP when mounting by "huge=" mount option.

When applications use huge page on hugetlbfs, it just need check the
filesystem magic number, but it is not enough for tmpfs.  Make
stat.st_blksize return huge page size if it is mounted by appropriate
"huge=" option to give applications a hint to optimize the behavior with
THP.

Some applications may not do wisely with THP.  For example, QEMU may
mmap file on non huge page aligned hint address with MAP_FIXED, which
results in no pages are PMD mapped even though THP is used.  Some
applications may mmap file with non huge page aligned offset.  Both
behaviors make THP pointless.

statfs.f_bsize still returns 4KB for tmpfs since THP could be split, and
it also may fallback to 4KB page silently if there is not enough huge
page.  Furthermore, different f_bsize makes max_blocks and free_blocks
calculation harder but without too much benefit.  Returning huge page
size via stat.st_blksize sounds good enough.

Since PUD size huge page for THP has not been supported, now it just
returns HPAGE_PMD_SIZE.

Hugh said:

: Sorry, I have no enthusiasm for this patch; but do I feel strongly
: enough to override you and everyone else to NAK it?  No, I don't feel
: that strongly, maybe st_blksize isn't worth arguing over.
:
: We did look at struct stat when designing huge tmpfs, to see if there
: were any fields that should be adjusted for it; but concluded none.
: Yes, it would sometimes be nice to have a quickly accessible indicator
: for when tmpfs has been mounted huge (scanning /proc/mounts for options
: can be tiresome, agreed); but since tmpfs tries to supply huge (or not)
: pages transparently, no difference seemed right.
:
: So, because st_blksize is a not very useful field of struct stat, with
: "size" in the name, we're going to put HPAGE_PMD_SIZE in there instead
: of PAGE_SIZE, if the tmpfs was mounted with one of the huge "huge"
: options (force or always, okay; within_size or advise, not so much).
: Though HPAGE_PMD_SIZE is no more its "preferred I/O size" or "blocksize
: for file system I/O" than PAGE_SIZE was.
:
: Which we can expect to speed up some applications and disadvantage
: others, depending on how they interpret st_blksize: just like if we
: changed it in the same way on non-huge tmpfs.  (Did I actually try
: changing st_blksize early on, and find it broke something?  If so, I've
: now forgotten what, and a search through commit messages didn't find
: it; but I guess we'll find out soon enough.)
:
: If there were an mstat() syscall, returning a field "preferred
: alignment", then we could certainly agree to put HPAGE_PMD_SIZE in
: there; but in stat()'s st_blksize?  And what happens when (in future)
: mm maps this or that hard-disk filesystem's blocks with a pmd mapping -
: should that filesystem then advertise a bigger st_blksize, despite the
: same disk layout as before?  What happens with DAX?
:
: And this change is not going to help the QEMU suboptimality that
: brought you here (or does QEMU align mmaps according to st_blksize?).
: QEMU ought to work well with kernels without this change, and kernels
: with this change; and I hope it can easily deal with both by avoiding
: that use of MAP_FIXED which prevented the kernel's intended alignment.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded `else']
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1524665633-83806-1-git-send-email-yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com
Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Suggested-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: vmalloc: pass proper vm_start into debugobjects
Chintan Pandya [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:53 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm: vmalloc: pass proper vm_start into debugobjects

Client can call vunmap with some intermediate 'addr' which may not be
the start of the VM area.  Entire unmap code works with vm->vm_start
which is proper but debug object API is called with 'addr'.  This could
be a problem within debug objects.

Pass proper start address into debug object API.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warning]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1523961828-9485-3-git-send-email-cpandya@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Chintan Pandya <cpandya@codeaurora.org>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
Cc: Yisheng Xie <xieyisheng1@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: vmalloc: avoid racy handling of debugobjects in vunmap
Chintan Pandya [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:50 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm: vmalloc: avoid racy handling of debugobjects in vunmap

Currently, __vunmap flow is,
 1) Release the VM area
 2) Free the debug objects corresponding to that vm area.

This leave some race window open.
 1) Release the VM area
 1.5) Some other client gets the same vm area
 1.6) This client allocates new debug objects on the same
      vm area
 2) Free the debug objects corresponding to this vm area.

Here, we actually free 'other' client's debug objects.

Fix this by freeing the debug objects first and then releasing the VM
area.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1523961828-9485-2-git-send-email-cpandya@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Chintan Pandya <cpandya@codeaurora.org>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
Cc: Yisheng Xie <xieyisheng1@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: vmalloc: clean up vunmap to avoid pgtable ops twice
Chintan Pandya [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:46 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm: vmalloc: clean up vunmap to avoid pgtable ops twice

vunmap does page table clear operations twice in the case when
DEBUG_PAGEALLOC_ENABLE_DEFAULT is enabled.

So, clean up the code as that is unintended.

As a perf gain, we save few us.  Below ftrace data was obtained while
doing 1 MB of vmalloc/vfree on ARM64 based SoC *without* this patch
applied.  After this patch, we can save ~3 us (on 1 extra
vunmap_page_range).

  CPU  DURATION                  FUNCTION CALLS
  |     |   |                     |   |   |   |
 6)               |  __vunmap() {
 6)               |    vmap_debug_free_range() {
 6)   3.281 us    |      vunmap_page_range();
 6) + 45.468 us   |    }
 6)   2.760 us    |    vunmap_page_range();
 6) ! 505.105 us  |  }

[cpandya@codeaurora.org: v3]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1525176960-18408-1-git-send-email-cpandya@codeaurora.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1523876342-10545-1-git-send-email-cpandya@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Chintan Pandya <cpandya@codeaurora.org>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com>
Cc: Yisheng Xie <xieyisheng1@huawei.com>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
Cc: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/sparse.c: pass the __highest_present_section_nr + 1 to alloc_func()
Wei Yang [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:43 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm/sparse.c: pass the __highest_present_section_nr + 1 to alloc_func()

In commit c4e1be9ec113 ("mm, sparsemem: break out of loops early")
__highest_present_section_nr is introduced to reduce the loop counts for
present section.  This is also helpful for usemap and memmap allocation.

This patch uses __highest_present_section_nr + 1 to optimize the loop.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180326081956.75275-1-richard.weiyang@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/sparse.c: check __highest_present_section_nr only for a present section
Wei Yang [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:39 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm/sparse.c: check __highest_present_section_nr only for a present section

When searching a present section, there are two boundaries:

    * __highest_present_section_nr
    * NR_MEM_SECTIONS

And it is known, __highest_present_section_nr is a more strict boundary
than NR_MEM_SECTIONS.  This means it would be necessary to check
__highest_present_section_nr only.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180326081956.75275-2-richard.weiyang@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm, gup: prevent pmd checking race in follow_pmd_mask()
Huang Ying [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:34 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm, gup: prevent pmd checking race in follow_pmd_mask()

mmap_sem will be read locked when calling follow_pmd_mask().  But this
cannot prevent PMD from being changed for all cases when PTL is
unlocked, for example, from pmd_trans_huge() to pmd_none() via
MADV_DONTNEED.  So it is possible for the pmd_present() check in
follow_pmd_mask() to encounter an invalid PMD.  This may cause an
incorrect VM_BUG_ON() or an infinite loop.  Fix this by reading the PMD
entry into a local variable with READ_ONCE() and checking the local
variable and pmd_none() in the retry loop.

As Kirill pointed out, with PTL unlocked, the *pmd may be changed under
us, so reading it directly again and again may incur weird bugs.  So
although using *pmd directly other than for pmd_present() checking may
be safe, it is still better to replace them to read *pmd once and check
the local variable multiple times.

When PTL unlocked, replace all *pmd with local variable was suggested by
Kirill.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180419083514.1365-1-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/docs: describe memory.low refinements
Roman Gushchin [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:29 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm/docs: describe memory.low refinements

Refine cgroup v2 docs after latest memory.low changes.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180405185921.4942-4-guro@fb.com
Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: treat memory.low value inclusive
Roman Gushchin [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:26 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm: treat memory.low value inclusive

If memcg's usage is equal to the memory.low value, avoid reclaiming from
this cgroup while there is a surplus of reclaimable memory.

This sounds more logical and also matches memory.high and memory.max
behavior: both are inclusive.

Empty cgroups are not considered protected, so MEMCG_LOW events are not
emitted for empty cgroups, if there is no more reclaimable memory in the
system.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180406122132.GA7185@castle
Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: memory.low hierarchical behavior
Roman Gushchin [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:22 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm: memory.low hierarchical behavior

This patch aims to address an issue in current memory.low semantics,
which makes it hard to use it in a hierarchy, where some leaf memory
cgroups are more valuable than others.

For example, there are memcgs A, A/B, A/C, A/D and A/E:

  A      A/memory.low = 2G, A/memory.current = 6G
 //\\
BC  DE   B/memory.low = 3G  B/memory.current = 2G
         C/memory.low = 1G  C/memory.current = 2G
         D/memory.low = 0   D/memory.current = 2G
 E/memory.low = 10G E/memory.current = 0

If we apply memory pressure, B, C and D are reclaimed at the same pace
while A's usage exceeds 2G.  This is obviously wrong, as B's usage is
fully below B's memory.low, and C has 1G of protection as well.  Also, A
is pushed to the size, which is less than A's 2G memory.low, which is
also wrong.

A simple bash script (provided below) can be used to reproduce
the problem. Current results are:
  A:    1430097920
  A/B:  711929856
  A/C:  717426688
  A/D:  741376
  A/E:  0

To address the issue a concept of effective memory.low is introduced.
Effective memory.low is always equal or less than original memory.low.
In a case, when there is no memory.low overcommittment (and also for
top-level cgroups), these two values are equal.

Otherwise it's a part of parent's effective memory.low, calculated as a
cgroup's memory.low usage divided by sum of sibling's memory.low usages
(under memory.low usage I mean the size of actually protected memory:
memory.current if memory.current < memory.low, 0 otherwise).  It's
necessary to track the actual usage, because otherwise an empty cgroup
with memory.low set (A/E in my example) will affect actual memory
distribution, which makes no sense.  To avoid traversing the cgroup tree
twice, page_counters code is reused.

Calculating effective memory.low can be done in the reclaim path, as we
conveniently traversing the cgroup tree from top to bottom and check
memory.low on each level.  So, it's a perfect place to calculate
effective memory low and save it to use it for children cgroups.

This also eliminates a need to traverse the cgroup tree from bottom to
top each time to check if parent's guarantee is not exceeded.

Setting/resetting effective memory.low is intentionally racy, but it's
fine and shouldn't lead to any significant differences in actual memory
distribution.

With this patch applied results are matching the expectations:
  A:    2147930112
  A/B:  1428721664
  A/C:  718393344
  A/D:  815104
  A/E:  0

Test script:
  #!/bin/bash

  CGPATH="/sys/fs/cgroup"

  truncate /file1 --size 2G
  truncate /file2 --size 2G
  truncate /file3 --size 2G
  truncate /file4 --size 50G

  mkdir "${CGPATH}/A"
  echo "+memory" > "${CGPATH}/A/cgroup.subtree_control"
  mkdir "${CGPATH}/A/B" "${CGPATH}/A/C" "${CGPATH}/A/D" "${CGPATH}/A/E"

  echo 2G > "${CGPATH}/A/memory.low"
  echo 3G > "${CGPATH}/A/B/memory.low"
  echo 1G > "${CGPATH}/A/C/memory.low"
  echo 0 > "${CGPATH}/A/D/memory.low"
  echo 10G > "${CGPATH}/A/E/memory.low"

  echo $$ > "${CGPATH}/A/B/cgroup.procs" && vmtouch -qt /file1
  echo $$ > "${CGPATH}/A/C/cgroup.procs" && vmtouch -qt /file2
  echo $$ > "${CGPATH}/A/D/cgroup.procs" && vmtouch -qt /file3
  echo $$ > "${CGPATH}/cgroup.procs" && vmtouch -qt /file4

  echo "A:   " `cat "${CGPATH}/A/memory.current"`
  echo "A/B: " `cat "${CGPATH}/A/B/memory.current"`
  echo "A/C: " `cat "${CGPATH}/A/C/memory.current"`
  echo "A/D: " `cat "${CGPATH}/A/D/memory.current"`
  echo "A/E: " `cat "${CGPATH}/A/E/memory.current"`

  rmdir "${CGPATH}/A/B" "${CGPATH}/A/C" "${CGPATH}/A/D" "${CGPATH}/A/E"
  rmdir "${CGPATH}/A"
  rm /file1 /file2 /file3 /file4

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180405185921.4942-2-guro@fb.com
Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: rename page_counter's count/limit into usage/max
Roman Gushchin [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:18 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm: rename page_counter's count/limit into usage/max

This patch renames struct page_counter fields:
  count -> usage
  limit -> max

and the corresponding functions:
  page_counter_limit() -> page_counter_set_max()
  mem_cgroup_get_limit() -> mem_cgroup_get_max()
  mem_cgroup_resize_limit() -> mem_cgroup_resize_max()
  memcg_update_kmem_limit() -> memcg_update_kmem_max()
  memcg_update_tcp_limit() -> memcg_update_tcp_max()

The idea behind this renaming is to have the direct matching
between memory cgroup knobs (low, high, max) and page_counters API.

This is pure renaming, this patch doesn't bring any functional change.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180405185921.4942-1-guro@fb.com
Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/memblock: introduce PHYS_ADDR_MAX
Stefan Agner [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:15 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm/memblock: introduce PHYS_ADDR_MAX

So far code was using ULLONG_MAX and type casting to obtain a
phys_addr_t with all bits set.  The typecast is necessary to silence
compiler warnings on 32-bit platforms.

Use the simpler but still type safe approach "~(phys_addr_t)0" to create a
preprocessor define for all bits set.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180406213809.566-1-stefan@agner.ch
Signed-off-by: Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>
Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: remove odd HAVE_PTE_SPECIAL
Laurent Dufour [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:12 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm: remove odd HAVE_PTE_SPECIAL

Remove the additional define HAVE_PTE_SPECIAL and rely directly on
CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL.

There is no functional change introduced by this patch

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1523533733-25437-1-git-send-email-ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Christophe LEROY <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: introduce ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL
Laurent Dufour [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:08 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm: introduce ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL

Currently the PTE special supports is turned on in per architecture
header files.  Most of the time, it is defined in
arch/*/include/asm/pgtable.h depending or not on some other per
architecture static definition.

This patch introduce a new configuration variable to manage this
directly in the Kconfig files.  It would later replace
__HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL.

Here notes for some architecture where the definition of
__HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL is not obvious:

arm
 __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL which is currently defined in
arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h which is included by
arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable.h when CONFIG_ARM_LPAE is set.
So select ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL if ARM_LPAE.

powerpc
__HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL is defined in 2 files:
 - arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/pgtable.h
 - arch/powerpc/include/asm/pte-common.h
The first one is included if (PPC_BOOK3S & PPC64) while the second is
included in all the other cases.
So select ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL all the time.

sparc:
__HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL is defined if defined(__sparc__) &&
defined(__arch64__) which are defined through the compiler in
sparc/Makefile if !SPARC32 which I assume to be if SPARC64.
So select ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL if SPARC64

There is no functional change introduced by this patch.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1523433816-14460-2-git-send-email-ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Suggested-by: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>
Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com>
Cc: Albert Ou <albert@sifive.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
Cc: Christophe LEROY <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/page_alloc: remove realsize in free_area_init_core()
Wei Yang [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:04 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm/page_alloc: remove realsize in free_area_init_core()

Highmem's realsize always equals to freesize, so it is not necessary to
spare a variable to record this.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180413083859.65888-1-richard.weiyang@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm: restructure memfd code
Mike Kravetz [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:06:01 +0000 (17:06 -0700)]
mm: restructure memfd code

With the addition of memfd hugetlbfs support, we now have the situation
where memfd depends on TMPFS -or- HUGETLBFS.  Previously, memfd was only
supported on tmpfs, so it made sense that the code resided in shmem.c.
In the current code, memfd is only functional if TMPFS is defined.  If
HUGETLFS is defined and TMPFS is not defined, then memfd functionality
will not be available for hugetlbfs.  This does not cause BUGs, just a
lack of potentially desired functionality.

Code is restructured in the following way:
- include/linux/memfd.h is a new file containing memfd specific
  definitions previously contained in shmem_fs.h.
- mm/memfd.c is a new file containing memfd specific code previously
  contained in shmem.c.
- memfd specific code is removed from shmem_fs.h and shmem.c.
- A new config option MEMFD_CREATE is added that is defined if TMPFS
  or HUGETLBFS is defined.

No functional changes are made to the code: restructuring only.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180415182119.4517-4-mike.kravetz@oracle.com
Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Khalid Aziz <khalid.aziz@oracle.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Marc-Andr Lureau <marcandre.lureau@gmail.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/shmem: update file sealing comments and file checking
Mike Kravetz [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:05:57 +0000 (17:05 -0700)]
mm/shmem: update file sealing comments and file checking

In preparation for memfd code restructure, update comments, definitions
and function names dealing with file sealing to indicate that tmpfs and
hugetlbfs are the supported filesystems.  Also, change file pointer
checks in memfd_file_seals_ptr to use defined interfaces instead of
directly referencing file_operation structs.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180415182119.4517-3-mike.kravetz@oracle.com
Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Khalid Aziz <khalid.aziz@oracle.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Marc-Andr Lureau <marcandre.lureau@gmail.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agomm/shmem: add __rcu annotations and properly deref radix entry
Mike Kravetz [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:05:53 +0000 (17:05 -0700)]
mm/shmem: add __rcu annotations and properly deref radix entry

Patch series "restructure memfd code", v4.

This patch (of 3):

In preparation for memfd code restucture, clean up sparse warnings.
Most changes required adding __rcu annotations.  The routine
find_swap_entry was modified to properly deference radix tree entries.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180415182119.4517-2-mike.kravetz@oracle.com
Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Marc-Andr Lureau <marcandre.lureau@gmail.com>
Cc: David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com>
Cc: Khalid Aziz <khalid.aziz@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agozram: introduce zram memory tracking
Minchan Kim [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:05:49 +0000 (17:05 -0700)]
zram: introduce zram memory tracking

zRam as swap is useful for small memory device.  However, swap means
those pages on zram are mostly cold pages due to VM's LRU algorithm.
Especially, once init data for application are touched for launching,
they tend to be not accessed any more and finally swapped out.  zRAM can
store such cold pages as compressed form but it's pointless to keep in
memory.  Better idea is app developers free them directly rather than
remaining them on heap.

This patch tell us last access time of each block of zram via "cat
/sys/kernel/debug/zram/zram0/block_state".

The output is as follows,
      300    75.033841 .wh
      301    63.806904 s..
      302    63.806919 ..h

First column is zram's block index and 3rh one represents symbol (s:
same page w: written page to backing store h: huge page) of the block
state.  Second column represents usec time unit of the block was last
accessed.  So above example means the 300th block is accessed at
75.033851 second and it was huge so it was written to the backing store.

Admin can leverage this information to catch cold|incompressible pages
of process with *pagemap* once part of heaps are swapped out.

I used the feature a few years ago to find memory hoggers in userspace
to notify them what memory they have wasted without touch for a long
time.  With it, they could reduce unnecessary memory space.  However, at
that time, I hacked up zram for the feature but now I need the feature
again so I decided it would be better to upstream rather than keeping it
alone.  I hope I submit the userspace tool to use the feature soon.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix i386 printk warning]
[minchan@kernel.org: use ktime_get_boottime() instead of sched_clock()]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180420063525.GA253739@rodete-desktop-imager.corp.google.com
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: documentation tweak]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix i386 printk warning]
[minchan@kernel.org: fix compile warning]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180508104849.GA8209@rodete-desktop-imager.corp.google.com
[rdunlap@infradead.org: fix printk formats]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/3652ccb1-96ef-0b0b-05d1-f661d7733dcc@infradead.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180416090946.63057-5-minchan@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 years agozram: record accessed second
Minchan Kim [Fri, 8 Jun 2018 00:05:45 +0000 (17:05 -0700)]
zram: record accessed second

zRam as swap is useful for small memory device.  However, swap means
those pages on zram are mostly cold pages due to VM's LRU algorithm.
Especially, once init data for application are touched for launching,
they tend to be not accessed any more and finally swapped out.  zRAM can
store such cold pages as compressed form but it's pointless to keep in
memory.  Better idea is app developers free them directly rather than
remaining them on heap.

This patch records last access time of each block of zram so that With
upcoming zram memory tracking, it could help userspace developers to
reduce memory footprint.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180416090946.63057-4-minchan@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>